Comet Hale-Bopp

Comet Hale-Bopp, visible to the naked eye for 18 months in 1996 and 1997 © Jamie Cooper

Principal Investigator

Anton Kearsley

Project summary

  • Focus: Studying material from comet 81P/Wild2, collected by NASA's Stardust spacecraft.

Comets are small, icy bodies that formed in the cold outer regions of the early solar system.We are studying cometary material collected by NASA's Stardust spacecraft to learn about the bodies’ formation and evolution.

Primordial materials found in comets may preserve details of the early solar system, including:

  • temperatures
  • materials available
  • heating and cooling rates.


We are studying cometary samples to better understand the conditions and processes operating in the early solar system. 


NASA’s Stardust mission returned fresh samples of comet 81P/Wild2, providing a unique opportunity to study cometary materials.

The spacecraft travels at a rate of approximately six kilometres per second as it collects the samples. We are studying the effect of this capture speed on the material using laboratory impact simulations.


Our studies of the Stardust samples have found:

  • Glycine, a biologically significant molecule
  • Abundant inner solar system materials, including some high-temperature components that formed extremely close to the early Sun. This indicates that transport of material was more widespread than previously believed.

We have also identified the characteristics (e.g. chemistry, size and shape) of material that survived the collection process where such characteristics were still detectable.  

Museum staff

Related information

Stardust mission