Geographical and stratigraphic distribution of fossil coelacanths and the living genus Latimeria

Extinct coelacanths

Fossil coelacanths are well known from a variety of Northern hemisphere localities including (Forey, 1998): 

  • Middle Devonian, Latvia
  • Upper Devonian, Quebec, Canada
  • Upper Devonian, Germany
  • Devonian, Carboniferous, Permian, Triassic, Cretaceous, USA
  • Upper Carboniferous, Permian, Jurassic and Upper Cretaceous, United Kingdom
  • Upper Permian, Lower Triassic, China
  • Lower Triassic, Spitsbergen, Norway
  • Lower Triassic, Greenland
  • Middle Triassic, Switzerland
  • Upper Triassic, Austria
  • Upper Jurassic Solnhofen limestones, Germany
  • Middle Triassic, Spain

(Forey, 1998)

Macropoma lewesiensis is from the Upper Cretaceous Chalk, England

Southern hemisphere (Gondwanan) fossil coelacanth taxa (Forey, 1998)

  • Devonian, Australia
  • Devonian, South Africa
  • Lower Triassic, Madagascar
  • Lower Jurassic, India
  • Lower Cretaceous Santana Formation, Brazil
  • Cretaceous, Egypt, Algeria, Democratic Republic of Congo, Morocco, Niger
Extant coelacanths 

Living coelacanths (Latimeria) have been discovered off the coasts of 

  • East Africa 
    • South Africa
    • Madagascar
    •  Mozambique
  • Comoros Islands
  • Indonesia (Sulawesi).