Rose chafers are found over southern and central Europe and the southern part of the UK where they can be very localized.
Cetonia aurata is a common species throughout much of southern and central Europe but becomes more scarce further north. The species occurs in all Europe except the Iberian Peninsula and Southern Italy and extends its range eastwards to Siberia.
Cetonia aurata has very similar looking related species in Spain and Italy, while other representatives of the genus occur in the whole Palearctic.
The adults of this species are commonly found in gardens, sitting in flowers.
The larvae (also called white grubs) live inside rotting wood and humus and are found in dead tree trunks or compost (in urban habitats).