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Archaeopteryx

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Archaeopteryx lived at the end of the Jurassic period. By the Late Cretaceous, 70 million years later, true birds had evolved.

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Fact file

Pronounced
ark-ee-OPT-er-ix
Meaning of name
ancient wing
Length
  0.5m
Height
  0.2m
Weight
0.4kg - 0.5kg
Teeth
many small conical (cone-like) teeth in the upper jaw
Diet
carnivorous
Food
may have eaten small reptiles, mammals or insects
How it moved
on 2 legs and by flying
When it lived
Late Jurassic
(147  million years ago)
Found in
Germany

Taxonomic details

Taxonomy
Dinosauria, Saurischia, Theropoda, Neotherapoda, Tetanurae, Avetherapoda, Coelurosauria, Tyrannoraptora, Maniraptoriformes, Maniraptora, Paraves, Eumaniraptoria, Avialae, Archaeopterygidae, Archaeopteryx
Named by
Mayer (1861)
Type species
lithographica