Dr Imran Rahman

Dr Imran Rahman

Principal Researcher

Department: Earth Sciences
Division: ES Invertebrates and Plants Palaeobiology
https://scholar.google.co.uk
https://www.researchgate.net

Summary

My research is broadly concerned with the evolutionary origins of animals. I use an innovative interdisciplinary approach, combining cutting-edge imaging and modelling methods with palaeontological data, to decipher the fossil record of animal evolution. Current research is focused on the Ediacara biota, Palaeozoic echinoderms and deuterostome evolution.

Qualifications

Degrees

MSc Evolutionary Genetics & Genomics, University of Manchester, Manchester, 2009 - 2010

PhD Palaeontology, Imperial College London, London, 2005 - 2009

MSci Palaeobiology, University College London, London, 2001 - 2005

Employment history

Academic

Principal Researcher, Natural History Museum, United Kingdom, 2021 - ongoing

Museum Research Fellow, University of Oxford, Museum of Natural History, United Kingdom, 2017 - 2021

1851 Research Fellow, University of Oxford, Museum of Natural History, United Kingdom, 2016 - 2016

1851 Research Fellow, University of Bristol, School of Earth Sciences, United Kingdom, 2014 - 2015

NERC Postdoctoral Research Fellow, University of Bristol, School of Earth Sciences, United Kingdom, 2012 - 2013

NERC Postdoctoral Research Fellow, University of Birmingham, School of Geography, Earth and Environmental Sciences, United Kingdom, 2011 - 2012

Highlighted publications

Álvarez-Armada N, Cameron CB, Bauer JE, Rahman IA (2022) Heterochrony and parallel evolution of echinoderm, hemichordate and cephalochordate internal bars. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 289 (1974) : doi: 10.1098/rspb.2022.0258

Gutarra S, Rahman IA (2022) The locomotion of extinct secondarily aquatic tetrapods. Biological Reviews, 97 (1) : 67 - 98. doi: 10.1111/brv.12790

Gibson BM, Furbish DJ, Rahman IA, Schmeeckle MW, Laflamme M, et al. (2021) Ancient life and moving fluids. Biological Reviews, 96 (1) : 129 - 152. doi: 10.1111/brv.12649

Ferrón HG, Martínez-Pérez C, Rahman IA, Selles de Lucas V, Botella H, et al. (2020) Computational Fluid Dynamics Suggests Ecological Diversification among Stem-Gnathostomes. Current Biology, 30 (23) : 4808 - 4813.e3. doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2020.09.031

Deline B, Thompson JR, Smith NS, Zamora S, Rahman IA, et al. (2020) Evolution and Development at the Origin of a Phylum. Current Biology, 30 (9) : 1672 - 1679.e3. doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2020.02.054

Rahman IA, Thompson JR, Briggs DEG, Siveter DJ, Siveter DJ, et al. (2019) A new ophiocistioid with soft-tissue preservation from the Silurian Herefordshire Lagerstätte, and the evolution of the holothurian body plan. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 286 (1900) : 20182792 - 20182792. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2018.2792

Grants

Ancient life in moving fluids: elucidating the emergence of animal ecosystems
Role: Principal investigator
Funding: NERC
Total value £240,000 (to Museum £196,000)
Dates: 2020 - 2023

Publications

Zhao J, Rahman IA, Zamora S, Chen A, Cong P (2022) The first edrioasteroid echinoderm from the lower Cambrian Chengjiang biota of Yunnan Province, China. Papers in Palaeontology, 8 (4) : doi: 10.1002/spp2.1465

Álvarez-Armada N, Cameron CB, Bauer JE, Rahman IA (2022) Heterochrony and parallel evolution of echinoderm, hemichordate and cephalochordate internal bars. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 289 (1974) : doi: 10.1098/rspb.2022.0258

Zamora S, Rahman IA, Sumrall CD, Gibson AP, Thompson JR (2022) Cambrian edrioasteroid reveals new mechanism for secondary reduction of the skeleton in echinoderms. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 289 (1970) : doi: 10.1098/rspb.2021.2733

Cracknell K, García-Bellido DC, Gehling JG, Ankor MJ, Darroch SAF, Rahman IA (2021) Pentaradial eukaryote suggests expansion of suspension feeding in White Sea-aged Ediacaran communities. Scientific Reports, 11 (1) : doi: 10.1038/s41598-021-83452-1

Bauer JE, Rahman IA (2021) Virtual Paleontology. null, doi: 10.1017/9781108881944

Gutarra S, Rahman IA (2022) The locomotion of extinct secondarily aquatic tetrapods. Biological Reviews, 97 (1) : 67 - 98. doi: 10.1111/brv.12790

Song H, Song H, Rahman IA, Chu D (2021) Computational fluid dynamics confirms drag reduction associated with trilobite queuing behaviour. Palaeontology, 64 (5) : 597 - 608. doi: 10.1111/pala.12562

Pates S, Daley AC, Legg DA, Rahman IA (2021) Vertically migrating Isoxys and the early Cambrian biological pump. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 288 (1953) : 20210464 - 20210464. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2021.0464

Kapli P, Natsidis P, Leite DJ, Fursman M, Jeffrie N, Rahman IA, Philippe H, Copley RR, Telford MJ (2021) Lack of support for Deuterostomia prompts reinterpretation of the first Bilateria. Science Advances, 7 (12) : doi: 10.1126/sciadv.abe2741

Gibson BM, Furbish DJ, Rahman IA, Schmeeckle MW, Laflamme M, Darroch SAF (2021) Ancient life and moving fluids. Biological Reviews, 96 (1) : 129 - 152. doi: 10.1111/brv.12649

Ferrón HG, Martínez-Pérez C, Rahman IA, Selles de Lucas V, Botella H, Donoghue PCJ (2021) Functional assessment of morphological homoplasy in stem-gnathostomes. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 288 (1943) : 20202719 - 20202719. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2020.2719

Ferrón HG, Martínez-Pérez C, Rahman IA, Selles de Lucas V, Botella H, Donoghue PCJ (2020) Computational Fluid Dynamics Suggests Ecological Diversification among Stem-Gnathostomes. Current Biology, 30 (23) : 4808 - 4813.e3. doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2020.09.031

Rahman IA (2020) Computational Fluid Dynamics and its Applications in Echinoderm Palaeobiology. null, doi: 10.1017/9781108893473

Rahman IA, O'Shea J, Lautenschlager S, Zamora S (2020) Potential evolutionary trade‐off between feeding and stability in Cambrian cinctan echinoderms. Palaeontology, 63 (5) : 689 - 701. doi: 10.1111/pala.12495

Deline B, Thompson JR, Smith NS, Zamora S, Rahman IA, Sheffield SL, Ausich WI, Kammer TW, Sumrall CD (2020) Evolution and Development at the Origin of a Phylum. Current Biology, 30 (9) : 1672 - 1679.e3. doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2020.02.054

Zamora S, Wright DF, Mooi R, Lefebvre B, Guensburg TE, Gorzelak P, David B, Sumrall CD, Cole SR, Hunter AW, Sprinkle J, Thompson JR, Ewin TAM, Fatka O, Nardin E, Reich M, Nohejlová M, Rahman IA (2020) Re-evaluating the phylogenetic position of the enigmatic early Cambrian deuterostome Yanjiahella. Nature Communications, 11 (1) : doi: 10.1038/s41467-020-14920-x

Gibson BM, Rahman IA, Maloney KM, Racicot RA, Mocke H, Laflamme M, Darroch SAF (2019) Gregarious suspension feeding in a modular Ediacaran organism. Science Advances, 5 (6) : doi: 10.1126/sciadv.aaw0260

Rahman IA, Thompson JR, Briggs DEG, Siveter DJ, Siveter DJ, Sutton MD (2019) A new ophiocistioid with soft-tissue preservation from the Silurian Herefordshire Lagerstätte, and the evolution of the holothurian body plan. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 286 (1900) : 20182792 - 20182792. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2018.2792

Gutarra S, Moon BC, Rahman IA, Palmer C, Lautenschlager S, Brimacombe AJ, Benton MJ (2019) Effects of body plan evolution on the hydrodynamic drag and energy requirements of swimming in ichthyosaurs. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 286 (1898) : 20182786 - 20182786. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2018.2786

BURCA G, NAGELLA S, CLARK T, TASEV D, RAHMAN IA, GARWOOD RJ, SPENCER ART, TURNER MJ, KELLEHER JF (2018) Exploring the potential of neutron imaging for life sciences on IMAT. Journal of Microscopy, 272 (3) : 242 - 247. doi: 10.1111/jmi.12761

Sumner-Rooney L, Rahman IA, Sigwart JD, Ullrich-Lüter E (2018) Whole-body photoreceptor networks are independent of ‘lenses’ in brittle stars. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 285 (1871) : 20172590 - 20172590. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2017.2590

Briggs DEG, Siveter DJ, Siveter DJ, Sutton MD, Rahman IA (2017) An edrioasteroid from the Silurian Herefordshire Lagerstätte of England reveals the nature of the water vascular system in an extinct echinoderm. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 284 (1862) : 20171189 - 20171189. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2017.1189

Gorzelak P, Rahman IA, Zamora S, Gąsiński A, Trzciński J, Brachaniec T, Salamon MA (2017) Towards a Better Understanding of the Origins of Microlens Arrays in Mesozoic Ophiuroids and Asteroids. Evolutionary Biology, 44 (3) : 339 - 346. doi: 10.1007/s11692-017-9411-1

Zamora S, Deline B, Javier Álvaro J, Rahman IA (2017) The Cambrian Substrate Revolution and the early evolution of attachment in suspension-feeding echinoderms. Earth-Science Reviews, 171 : 478 - 491. doi: 10.1016/j.earscirev.2017.06.018

Rahman IA (2017) Computational fluid dynamics as a tool for testing functional and ecological hypotheses in fossil taxa. Palaeontology, 60 (4) : 451 - 459. doi: 10.1111/pala.12295

Zamora S, Rahman IA (2017) Progress in echinoderm paleobiology. Journal of Paleontology, 91 (4) : 579 - 581. doi: 10.1017/jpa.2017.20

Darroch SAF, Rahman IA, Gibson B, Racicot RA, Laflamme M (2017) Inference of facultative mobility in the enigmatic Ediacaran organism Parvancorina. Biology Letters, 13 (5) : 20170033 - 20170033. doi: 10.1098/rsbl.2017.0033

Esteve J, Rubio P, Zamora S, Rahman IA (2017) Modelling enrolment in Cambrian trilobites. Palaeontology, 60 (3) : 423 - 432. doi: 10.1111/pala.12294

Davies TG, Rahman IA, Lautenschlager S, Cunningham JA, Asher RJ, Barrett PM, Bates KT, Bengtson S, Benson RBJ, Boyer DM, Braga J, Bright JA, Claessens LPAM, Cox PG, Dong X-P, Evans AR, Falkingham PL, Friedman M, Garwood RJ, Goswami A, Hutchinson JR, Jeffery NS, Johanson Z, Lebrun R, Martínez-Pérez C, Marugán-Lobón J, O'Higgins PM, Metscher B, Orliac M, Rowe TB, Rücklin M, Sánchez-Villagra MR, Shubin NH, Smith SY, Starck JM, Stringer C, Summers AP, Sutton MD, Walsh SA, Weisbecker V, Witmer LM, Wroe S, Yin Z, Rayfield EJ, Donoghue PCJ (2017) Open data and digital morphology. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 284 (1852) : 20170194 - 20170194. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2017.0194

Rahman IA (2017) Tiny fossils in the animal family tree. Nature, 542 (7640) : 170 - 171. doi: 10.1038/nature21493

Rahman IA, Lautenschlager S (2016) APPLICATIONS OF THREE-DIMENSIONAL BOX MODELING TO PALEONTOLOGICAL FUNCTIONAL ANALYSIS. The Paleontological Society Papers, 22 : 119 - 132. doi: 10.1017/scs.2017.11

Sutton M, Rahman I, Garwood R (2016) VIRTUAL PALEONTOLOGY—AN OVERVIEW. The Paleontological Society Papers, 22 : 1 - 20. doi: 10.1017/scs.2017.5

Rahman IA, Zamora S, Falkingham PL, Phillips JC (2015) Cambrian cinctan echinoderms shed light on feeding in the ancestral deuterostome. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 282 (1818) : 20151964 - 20151964. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2015.1964

Rahman IA, Belaústegui Z, Zamora S, Nebelsick JH, Domènech R, Martinell J (2015) Miocene Clypeaster from Valencia (E Spain): Insights into the taphonomy and ichnology of bioeroded echinoids using X-ray micro-tomography. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 438 : 168 - 179. doi: 10.1016/j.palaeo.2015.07.021

Rahman IA, Darroch SAF, Racicot RA, Laflamme M (2015) Suspension feeding in the enigmatic Ediacaran organism Tribrachidium demonstrates complexity of Neoproterozoic ecosystems. Science Advances, 1 (10) : doi: 10.1126/sciadv.1500800

Rahman IA, Waters JA, Sumrall CD, Astolfo A (2015) Early post-metamorphic, Carboniferous blastoid reveals the evolution and development of the digestive system in echinoderms. Biology Letters, 11 (10) : 20150776 - 20150776. doi: 10.1098/rsbl.2015.0776

Zamora S, Rahman IA, Ausich WI (null) Palaeogeographic implications of a new iocrinid crinoid (Disparida) from the Ordovician (Darriwillian) of Morocco. PeerJ, 3 : e1450 - e1450. doi: 10.7717/peerj.1450

Dougherty LR, Rahman IA, Burdfield-Steel ER, Greenway EVG, Shuker DM (2015) Experimental reduction of intromittent organ length reduces male reproductive success in a bug. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 282 (1808) : 20150724 - 20150724. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2015.0724

Rahman I, Stewart S, Zamora S (null) The youngest ctenocystoids from the Upper Ordovician of the United Kingdom and the evolution of the bilateral body plan in echinoderms. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, doi: 10.4202/app.00048.2013

Zamora S, Rahman IA (2014) Deciphering the early evolution of echinoderms with Cambrian fossils. Palaeontology, 57 (6) : 1105 - 1119. doi: 10.1111/pala.12138

Rahman IA, Smith SY (2014) Virtual paleontology: computer-aided analysis of fossil form and function. Journal of Paleontology, 88 (4) : 633 - 635. doi: 10.1666/13-001i

Cunningham JA, Rahman IA, Lautenschlager S, Rayfield EJ, Donoghue PCJ (2014) A virtual world of paleontology. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 29 (6) : 347 - 357. doi: 10.1016/j.tree.2014.04.004

Sutton M, Rahman I, Garwood R (2013) Techniques for Virtual Palaeontology. John Wiley & Sons : 208.

Zamora S, Darroch S, Rahman IA (2013) Taphonomy and ontogeny of early pelmatozoan echinoderms: A case study of a mass-mortality assemblage of Gogia from the Cambrian of North America. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 377 : 62 - 72. doi: 10.1016/j.palaeo.2013.03.009

ZAMORA S, RAHMAN IA, SMITH AB (2013) The ontogeny of cinctans (stem-group Echinodermata) as revealed by a new genus,GraciaCystis, from the middle Cambrian of Spain. Palaeontology, 56 (2) : 399 - 410. doi: 10.1111/j.1475-4983.2012.01207.x

Rahman IA, Adcock K, Garwood RJ (2012) Virtual Fossils: a New Resource for Science Communication in Paleontology. Evolution: Education and Outreach, 5 (4) : 635 - 641. doi: 10.1007/s12052-012-0458-2

Rahman IA, Lintz H (2012) Dehmicystis globulus, an enigmatic solute (Echinodermata) from the Lower Devonian Hunsrück Slate, Germany. Paläontologische Zeitschrift, 86 (1) : 59 - 70. doi: 10.1007/s12542-011-0116-y

Zamora S, Rahman IA, Smith AB (null) Plated Cambrian Bilaterians Reveal the Earliest Stages of Echinoderm Evolution. PLoS ONE, 7 (6) : e38296 - e38296. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0038296

Lin J-P, Zhao Y-L, Rahman IA, Xiao S, Wang Y (2010) Bioturbation in Burgess Shale-type Lagerstätten — Case study of trace fossil–body fossil association from the Kaili Biota (Cambrian Series 3), Guizhou, China. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 292 (1-2) : 245 - 256. doi: 10.1016/j.palaeo.2010.03.048

Rahman IA, Zamora S, Geyer G (2010) The oldest stylophoran echinoderm: a new Ceratocystis from the Middle Cambrian of Germany. Paläontologische Zeitschrift, 84 (2) : 227 - 237. doi: 10.1007/s12542-009-0039-z

Garwood RJ, Rahman IA, Sutton MD (2010) From clergymen to computers-the advent of virtual palaeontology. Geology Today, 26 (3) : 96 - 100. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2451.2010.00753.x

Rahman IA, Clausen S (2009) Re‐evaluating the palaeobiology and affinities of the Ctenocystoidea (Echinodermata). Journal of Systematic Palaeontology, 7 (4) : 413 - 426. doi: 10.1017/s1477201909990046

RAHMAN IA, SUTTON MD, BELL MA (2009) Evaluating phylogenetic hypotheses of carpoids using stratigraphic congruence indices. Lethaia, 42 (4) : 424 - 437. doi: 10.1111/j.1502-3931.2009.00161.x

RAHMAN IA, ZAMORA S (2009) The oldest cinctan carpoid (stem-group Echinodermata), and the evolution of the water vascular system. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 157 (2) : 420 - 432. doi: 10.1111/j.1096-3642.2008.00517.x

Rahman IA (2009) Making sense of carpoids. Geology Today, 25 (1) : 34 - 38. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2451.2009.00703.x

RAHMAN IA, JEFFERIES RPS, SÜDKAMP WH, SMITH RDA (2009) ICHNOLOGICAL INSIGHTS INTO MITRATE PALAEOBIOLOGY. Palaeontology, 52 (1) : 127 - 138. doi: 10.1111/j.1475-4983.2008.00838.x

Zamora S, Rahman IA (null) Nuevos datos sobre el género Sucocystis (Cincta, echinodermata) en el Cámbrico medio de España: implicaciones biostratigráficas y filogenéticas. Spanish Journal of Palaeontology, 23 (2) : 301 - 301. doi: 10.7203/sjp.23.2.20413

Johnson D, Rahman I, Grady MM (2008) X-ray microtomography of a sulfide-rich pallasite. METEORITICS & PLANETARY SCIENCE 43 (7) : A67 - A67.

Carter RP, Sutton MD, Briggs DEG, Rahman IA, Siveter DJ, Siveter DJ (2021) A Silurian ophiuroid with soft‐tissue preservation. Papers in Palaeontology, 7 (4) : 2041 - 2047. doi: 10.1002/spp2.1390

Cherns L, Spencer ART, Rahman IA, Garwood RJ, Reedman C, Burca G, Turner MJ, Hollingworth NTJ, Hilton J (2022) Correlative tomography of an exceptionally preserved Jurassic ammonite implies hyponome-propelled swimming. Geology, 50 (4) : 397 - 401. doi: 10.1130/g49551.1

Darroch SAF, Gibson BM, Syversen M, Rahman IA, Racicot RA, Dunn FS, Gutarra S, Schindler E, Wehrmann A, Laflamme M (null) The life and times of Pteridinium simplex. Paleobiology, 1 - 30. doi: 10.1017/pab.2022.2

Introduction

Summary

My research is broadly concerned with the evolutionary origins of animals. I use an innovative interdisciplinary approach, combining cutting-edge imaging and modelling methods with palaeontological data, to decipher the fossil record of animal evolution. Current research is focused on the Ediacara biota, Palaeozoic echinoderms and deuterostome evolution.

Qualifications

Degrees

MSc Evolutionary Genetics & Genomics, University of Manchester, Manchester, 2009 - 2010

PhD Palaeontology, Imperial College London, London, 2005 - 2009

MSci Palaeobiology, University College London, London, 2001 - 2005

Employment history

Academic

Principal Researcher, Natural History Museum, United Kingdom, 2021 - ongoing

Museum Research Fellow, University of Oxford, Museum of Natural History, United Kingdom, 2017 - 2021

1851 Research Fellow, University of Oxford, Museum of Natural History, United Kingdom, 2016 - 2016

1851 Research Fellow, University of Bristol, School of Earth Sciences, United Kingdom, 2014 - 2015

NERC Postdoctoral Research Fellow, University of Bristol, School of Earth Sciences, United Kingdom, 2012 - 2013

NERC Postdoctoral Research Fellow, University of Birmingham, School of Geography, Earth and Environmental Sciences, United Kingdom, 2011 - 2012

Highlighted publications

Álvarez-Armada N, Cameron CB, Bauer JE, Rahman IA (2022) Heterochrony and parallel evolution of echinoderm, hemichordate and cephalochordate internal bars. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 289 (1974) : doi: 10.1098/rspb.2022.0258

Gutarra S, Rahman IA (2022) The locomotion of extinct secondarily aquatic tetrapods. Biological Reviews, 97 (1) : 67 - 98. doi: 10.1111/brv.12790

Gibson BM, Furbish DJ, Rahman IA, Schmeeckle MW, Laflamme M, et al. (2021) Ancient life and moving fluids. Biological Reviews, 96 (1) : 129 - 152. doi: 10.1111/brv.12649

Ferrón HG, Martínez-Pérez C, Rahman IA, Selles de Lucas V, Botella H, et al. (2020) Computational Fluid Dynamics Suggests Ecological Diversification among Stem-Gnathostomes. Current Biology, 30 (23) : 4808 - 4813.e3. doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2020.09.031

Deline B, Thompson JR, Smith NS, Zamora S, Rahman IA, et al. (2020) Evolution and Development at the Origin of a Phylum. Current Biology, 30 (9) : 1672 - 1679.e3. doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2020.02.054

Rahman IA, Thompson JR, Briggs DEG, Siveter DJ, Siveter DJ, et al. (2019) A new ophiocistioid with soft-tissue preservation from the Silurian Herefordshire Lagerstätte, and the evolution of the holothurian body plan. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 286 (1900) : 20182792 - 20182792. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2018.2792

Projects

Grants

Ancient life in moving fluids: elucidating the emergence of animal ecosystems
Role: Principal investigator
Funding: NERC
Total value £240,000 (to Museum £196,000)
Dates: 2020 - 2023

Publications

Publications

Zhao J, Rahman IA, Zamora S, Chen A, Cong P (2022) The first edrioasteroid echinoderm from the lower Cambrian Chengjiang biota of Yunnan Province, China. Papers in Palaeontology, 8 (4) : doi: 10.1002/spp2.1465

Álvarez-Armada N, Cameron CB, Bauer JE, Rahman IA (2022) Heterochrony and parallel evolution of echinoderm, hemichordate and cephalochordate internal bars. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 289 (1974) : doi: 10.1098/rspb.2022.0258

Zamora S, Rahman IA, Sumrall CD, Gibson AP, Thompson JR (2022) Cambrian edrioasteroid reveals new mechanism for secondary reduction of the skeleton in echinoderms. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 289 (1970) : doi: 10.1098/rspb.2021.2733

Cracknell K, García-Bellido DC, Gehling JG, Ankor MJ, Darroch SAF, Rahman IA (2021) Pentaradial eukaryote suggests expansion of suspension feeding in White Sea-aged Ediacaran communities. Scientific Reports, 11 (1) : doi: 10.1038/s41598-021-83452-1

Bauer JE, Rahman IA (2021) Virtual Paleontology. null, doi: 10.1017/9781108881944

Gutarra S, Rahman IA (2022) The locomotion of extinct secondarily aquatic tetrapods. Biological Reviews, 97 (1) : 67 - 98. doi: 10.1111/brv.12790

Song H, Song H, Rahman IA, Chu D (2021) Computational fluid dynamics confirms drag reduction associated with trilobite queuing behaviour. Palaeontology, 64 (5) : 597 - 608. doi: 10.1111/pala.12562

Pates S, Daley AC, Legg DA, Rahman IA (2021) Vertically migrating Isoxys and the early Cambrian biological pump. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 288 (1953) : 20210464 - 20210464. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2021.0464

Kapli P, Natsidis P, Leite DJ, Fursman M, Jeffrie N, Rahman IA, Philippe H, Copley RR, Telford MJ (2021) Lack of support for Deuterostomia prompts reinterpretation of the first Bilateria. Science Advances, 7 (12) : doi: 10.1126/sciadv.abe2741

Gibson BM, Furbish DJ, Rahman IA, Schmeeckle MW, Laflamme M, Darroch SAF (2021) Ancient life and moving fluids. Biological Reviews, 96 (1) : 129 - 152. doi: 10.1111/brv.12649

Ferrón HG, Martínez-Pérez C, Rahman IA, Selles de Lucas V, Botella H, Donoghue PCJ (2021) Functional assessment of morphological homoplasy in stem-gnathostomes. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 288 (1943) : 20202719 - 20202719. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2020.2719

Ferrón HG, Martínez-Pérez C, Rahman IA, Selles de Lucas V, Botella H, Donoghue PCJ (2020) Computational Fluid Dynamics Suggests Ecological Diversification among Stem-Gnathostomes. Current Biology, 30 (23) : 4808 - 4813.e3. doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2020.09.031

Rahman IA (2020) Computational Fluid Dynamics and its Applications in Echinoderm Palaeobiology. null, doi: 10.1017/9781108893473

Rahman IA, O'Shea J, Lautenschlager S, Zamora S (2020) Potential evolutionary trade‐off between feeding and stability in Cambrian cinctan echinoderms. Palaeontology, 63 (5) : 689 - 701. doi: 10.1111/pala.12495

Deline B, Thompson JR, Smith NS, Zamora S, Rahman IA, Sheffield SL, Ausich WI, Kammer TW, Sumrall CD (2020) Evolution and Development at the Origin of a Phylum. Current Biology, 30 (9) : 1672 - 1679.e3. doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2020.02.054

Zamora S, Wright DF, Mooi R, Lefebvre B, Guensburg TE, Gorzelak P, David B, Sumrall CD, Cole SR, Hunter AW, Sprinkle J, Thompson JR, Ewin TAM, Fatka O, Nardin E, Reich M, Nohejlová M, Rahman IA (2020) Re-evaluating the phylogenetic position of the enigmatic early Cambrian deuterostome Yanjiahella. Nature Communications, 11 (1) : doi: 10.1038/s41467-020-14920-x

Gibson BM, Rahman IA, Maloney KM, Racicot RA, Mocke H, Laflamme M, Darroch SAF (2019) Gregarious suspension feeding in a modular Ediacaran organism. Science Advances, 5 (6) : doi: 10.1126/sciadv.aaw0260

Rahman IA, Thompson JR, Briggs DEG, Siveter DJ, Siveter DJ, Sutton MD (2019) A new ophiocistioid with soft-tissue preservation from the Silurian Herefordshire Lagerstätte, and the evolution of the holothurian body plan. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 286 (1900) : 20182792 - 20182792. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2018.2792

Gutarra S, Moon BC, Rahman IA, Palmer C, Lautenschlager S, Brimacombe AJ, Benton MJ (2019) Effects of body plan evolution on the hydrodynamic drag and energy requirements of swimming in ichthyosaurs. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 286 (1898) : 20182786 - 20182786. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2018.2786

BURCA G, NAGELLA S, CLARK T, TASEV D, RAHMAN IA, GARWOOD RJ, SPENCER ART, TURNER MJ, KELLEHER JF (2018) Exploring the potential of neutron imaging for life sciences on IMAT. Journal of Microscopy, 272 (3) : 242 - 247. doi: 10.1111/jmi.12761

Sumner-Rooney L, Rahman IA, Sigwart JD, Ullrich-Lüter E (2018) Whole-body photoreceptor networks are independent of ‘lenses’ in brittle stars. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 285 (1871) : 20172590 - 20172590. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2017.2590

Briggs DEG, Siveter DJ, Siveter DJ, Sutton MD, Rahman IA (2017) An edrioasteroid from the Silurian Herefordshire Lagerstätte of England reveals the nature of the water vascular system in an extinct echinoderm. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 284 (1862) : 20171189 - 20171189. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2017.1189

Gorzelak P, Rahman IA, Zamora S, Gąsiński A, Trzciński J, Brachaniec T, Salamon MA (2017) Towards a Better Understanding of the Origins of Microlens Arrays in Mesozoic Ophiuroids and Asteroids. Evolutionary Biology, 44 (3) : 339 - 346. doi: 10.1007/s11692-017-9411-1

Zamora S, Deline B, Javier Álvaro J, Rahman IA (2017) The Cambrian Substrate Revolution and the early evolution of attachment in suspension-feeding echinoderms. Earth-Science Reviews, 171 : 478 - 491. doi: 10.1016/j.earscirev.2017.06.018

Rahman IA (2017) Computational fluid dynamics as a tool for testing functional and ecological hypotheses in fossil taxa. Palaeontology, 60 (4) : 451 - 459. doi: 10.1111/pala.12295

Zamora S, Rahman IA (2017) Progress in echinoderm paleobiology. Journal of Paleontology, 91 (4) : 579 - 581. doi: 10.1017/jpa.2017.20

Darroch SAF, Rahman IA, Gibson B, Racicot RA, Laflamme M (2017) Inference of facultative mobility in the enigmatic Ediacaran organism Parvancorina. Biology Letters, 13 (5) : 20170033 - 20170033. doi: 10.1098/rsbl.2017.0033

Esteve J, Rubio P, Zamora S, Rahman IA (2017) Modelling enrolment in Cambrian trilobites. Palaeontology, 60 (3) : 423 - 432. doi: 10.1111/pala.12294

Davies TG, Rahman IA, Lautenschlager S, Cunningham JA, Asher RJ, Barrett PM, Bates KT, Bengtson S, Benson RBJ, Boyer DM, Braga J, Bright JA, Claessens LPAM, Cox PG, Dong X-P, Evans AR, Falkingham PL, Friedman M, Garwood RJ, Goswami A, Hutchinson JR, Jeffery NS, Johanson Z, Lebrun R, Martínez-Pérez C, Marugán-Lobón J, O'Higgins PM, Metscher B, Orliac M, Rowe TB, Rücklin M, Sánchez-Villagra MR, Shubin NH, Smith SY, Starck JM, Stringer C, Summers AP, Sutton MD, Walsh SA, Weisbecker V, Witmer LM, Wroe S, Yin Z, Rayfield EJ, Donoghue PCJ (2017) Open data and digital morphology. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 284 (1852) : 20170194 - 20170194. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2017.0194

Rahman IA (2017) Tiny fossils in the animal family tree. Nature, 542 (7640) : 170 - 171. doi: 10.1038/nature21493

Rahman IA, Lautenschlager S (2016) APPLICATIONS OF THREE-DIMENSIONAL BOX MODELING TO PALEONTOLOGICAL FUNCTIONAL ANALYSIS. The Paleontological Society Papers, 22 : 119 - 132. doi: 10.1017/scs.2017.11

Sutton M, Rahman I, Garwood R (2016) VIRTUAL PALEONTOLOGY—AN OVERVIEW. The Paleontological Society Papers, 22 : 1 - 20. doi: 10.1017/scs.2017.5

Rahman IA, Zamora S, Falkingham PL, Phillips JC (2015) Cambrian cinctan echinoderms shed light on feeding in the ancestral deuterostome. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 282 (1818) : 20151964 - 20151964. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2015.1964

Rahman IA, Belaústegui Z, Zamora S, Nebelsick JH, Domènech R, Martinell J (2015) Miocene Clypeaster from Valencia (E Spain): Insights into the taphonomy and ichnology of bioeroded echinoids using X-ray micro-tomography. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 438 : 168 - 179. doi: 10.1016/j.palaeo.2015.07.021

Rahman IA, Darroch SAF, Racicot RA, Laflamme M (2015) Suspension feeding in the enigmatic Ediacaran organism Tribrachidium demonstrates complexity of Neoproterozoic ecosystems. Science Advances, 1 (10) : doi: 10.1126/sciadv.1500800

Rahman IA, Waters JA, Sumrall CD, Astolfo A (2015) Early post-metamorphic, Carboniferous blastoid reveals the evolution and development of the digestive system in echinoderms. Biology Letters, 11 (10) : 20150776 - 20150776. doi: 10.1098/rsbl.2015.0776

Zamora S, Rahman IA, Ausich WI (null) Palaeogeographic implications of a new iocrinid crinoid (Disparida) from the Ordovician (Darriwillian) of Morocco. PeerJ, 3 : e1450 - e1450. doi: 10.7717/peerj.1450

Dougherty LR, Rahman IA, Burdfield-Steel ER, Greenway EVG, Shuker DM (2015) Experimental reduction of intromittent organ length reduces male reproductive success in a bug. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 282 (1808) : 20150724 - 20150724. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2015.0724

Rahman I, Stewart S, Zamora S (null) The youngest ctenocystoids from the Upper Ordovician of the United Kingdom and the evolution of the bilateral body plan in echinoderms. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, doi: 10.4202/app.00048.2013

Zamora S, Rahman IA (2014) Deciphering the early evolution of echinoderms with Cambrian fossils. Palaeontology, 57 (6) : 1105 - 1119. doi: 10.1111/pala.12138

Rahman IA, Smith SY (2014) Virtual paleontology: computer-aided analysis of fossil form and function. Journal of Paleontology, 88 (4) : 633 - 635. doi: 10.1666/13-001i

Cunningham JA, Rahman IA, Lautenschlager S, Rayfield EJ, Donoghue PCJ (2014) A virtual world of paleontology. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 29 (6) : 347 - 357. doi: 10.1016/j.tree.2014.04.004

Sutton M, Rahman I, Garwood R (2013) Techniques for Virtual Palaeontology. John Wiley & Sons : 208.

Zamora S, Darroch S, Rahman IA (2013) Taphonomy and ontogeny of early pelmatozoan echinoderms: A case study of a mass-mortality assemblage of Gogia from the Cambrian of North America. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 377 : 62 - 72. doi: 10.1016/j.palaeo.2013.03.009

ZAMORA S, RAHMAN IA, SMITH AB (2013) The ontogeny of cinctans (stem-group Echinodermata) as revealed by a new genus,GraciaCystis, from the middle Cambrian of Spain. Palaeontology, 56 (2) : 399 - 410. doi: 10.1111/j.1475-4983.2012.01207.x

Rahman IA, Adcock K, Garwood RJ (2012) Virtual Fossils: a New Resource for Science Communication in Paleontology. Evolution: Education and Outreach, 5 (4) : 635 - 641. doi: 10.1007/s12052-012-0458-2

Rahman IA, Lintz H (2012) Dehmicystis globulus, an enigmatic solute (Echinodermata) from the Lower Devonian Hunsrück Slate, Germany. Paläontologische Zeitschrift, 86 (1) : 59 - 70. doi: 10.1007/s12542-011-0116-y

Zamora S, Rahman IA, Smith AB (null) Plated Cambrian Bilaterians Reveal the Earliest Stages of Echinoderm Evolution. PLoS ONE, 7 (6) : e38296 - e38296. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0038296

Lin J-P, Zhao Y-L, Rahman IA, Xiao S, Wang Y (2010) Bioturbation in Burgess Shale-type Lagerstätten — Case study of trace fossil–body fossil association from the Kaili Biota (Cambrian Series 3), Guizhou, China. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 292 (1-2) : 245 - 256. doi: 10.1016/j.palaeo.2010.03.048

Rahman IA, Zamora S, Geyer G (2010) The oldest stylophoran echinoderm: a new Ceratocystis from the Middle Cambrian of Germany. Paläontologische Zeitschrift, 84 (2) : 227 - 237. doi: 10.1007/s12542-009-0039-z

Garwood RJ, Rahman IA, Sutton MD (2010) From clergymen to computers-the advent of virtual palaeontology. Geology Today, 26 (3) : 96 - 100. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2451.2010.00753.x

Rahman IA, Clausen S (2009) Re‐evaluating the palaeobiology and affinities of the Ctenocystoidea (Echinodermata). Journal of Systematic Palaeontology, 7 (4) : 413 - 426. doi: 10.1017/s1477201909990046

RAHMAN IA, SUTTON MD, BELL MA (2009) Evaluating phylogenetic hypotheses of carpoids using stratigraphic congruence indices. Lethaia, 42 (4) : 424 - 437. doi: 10.1111/j.1502-3931.2009.00161.x

RAHMAN IA, ZAMORA S (2009) The oldest cinctan carpoid (stem-group Echinodermata), and the evolution of the water vascular system. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 157 (2) : 420 - 432. doi: 10.1111/j.1096-3642.2008.00517.x

Rahman IA (2009) Making sense of carpoids. Geology Today, 25 (1) : 34 - 38. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2451.2009.00703.x

RAHMAN IA, JEFFERIES RPS, SÜDKAMP WH, SMITH RDA (2009) ICHNOLOGICAL INSIGHTS INTO MITRATE PALAEOBIOLOGY. Palaeontology, 52 (1) : 127 - 138. doi: 10.1111/j.1475-4983.2008.00838.x

Zamora S, Rahman IA (null) Nuevos datos sobre el género Sucocystis (Cincta, echinodermata) en el Cámbrico medio de España: implicaciones biostratigráficas y filogenéticas. Spanish Journal of Palaeontology, 23 (2) : 301 - 301. doi: 10.7203/sjp.23.2.20413

Johnson D, Rahman I, Grady MM (2008) X-ray microtomography of a sulfide-rich pallasite. METEORITICS & PLANETARY SCIENCE 43 (7) : A67 - A67.

Carter RP, Sutton MD, Briggs DEG, Rahman IA, Siveter DJ, Siveter DJ (2021) A Silurian ophiuroid with soft‐tissue preservation. Papers in Palaeontology, 7 (4) : 2041 - 2047. doi: 10.1002/spp2.1390

Cherns L, Spencer ART, Rahman IA, Garwood RJ, Reedman C, Burca G, Turner MJ, Hollingworth NTJ, Hilton J (2022) Correlative tomography of an exceptionally preserved Jurassic ammonite implies hyponome-propelled swimming. Geology, 50 (4) : 397 - 401. doi: 10.1130/g49551.1

Darroch SAF, Gibson BM, Syversen M, Rahman IA, Racicot RA, Dunn FS, Gutarra S, Schindler E, Wehrmann A, Laflamme M (null) The life and times of Pteridinium simplex. Paleobiology, 1 - 30. doi: 10.1017/pab.2022.2