Since 1991 a number of volunteers and others have contributed by adding information to the database. Their help is gratefully acknowledged here:

Juliet Aylesbury
Sue Lewis
Richard Mitchell
John O'Sullivan
Margarita Feldman
Janice Taverne
Sarah Jackson
Patrick Mellor

Thanks also to the librarians in the Department of Entomology in The Natural History Museum who, in their time, have helped trace or identify obscure references or contributed in some other other way:

Pamela Gilbert
Julie Harvey
Lorna Mitchell
Ruth Lanstone
Vicki Veness
Joanna Kapusta

The following contributed slides or other images of Chalcidoidea for incorporation into the database and they are thanked here, even though some or all of those images may not have been used:

Rudolf Abraham - Zoologisches Museum, Universitat Hamburg, Hamburg, GermanyMax Badgley - Biological Photography, 13142 Sweetspice St., Moreno Valley, California 92553, USA

Fred Bennett - Laxey, Isle of Man IM4 7NA, UK

Mike F. Claridge - School of Pure and Applied Biology, University of Wales Cardiff, P.O. Box 915, Cardiff CF1 3TL, Wales, UK

Jack Kelly Clark (via Larry Strand, with permission of University of California, Statewide IPM Project) - University of California, Davis, California, USA

Lonny Coote - c/o Department of Entomology, Royal Ontario Museum, 100 Queen's Park, Toronto, Ontario M5S 2C6, Canada

Mike Copland - Department of Biochemistry and Biological Sciences, Wye College, University of London, Wye, Ashford, Kent TN25 5AH, UK

Tony Cross - International Institute of Biological Control, Silwood Park, Ascot, Berks SL5 7TA, UK

Kent Daane - Center for Biological Control, 9240 S. Riverbend Avenue, Parlier, California 93648, USA

Gerard Delvare - CIRAD TA40/L, Campus International de Baillarguet-CSIRO
34398 Montpellier Cedex 5, France

Maria Luisa Dindo - Istituto di Entomologia "Guido Grandi", Universitá degli Studi di Bologna, Via Filippo Re 6, 40126 Bologna, Italy

Lorry Dunning (via Larry Godfrey) - c/o University of California, Davis, California, USA

Angela M.I. de Farias (via Kieth Hopper) - Beneficial Insects Introduction Research Laboratory, Agricultural Research Service, United States Department of Agriculture, 501 South Chapel Street, Newark, Delaware 19713, USA

Beat Fecker - Entomology, Swiss Federal Research Institute WSL, 8903 Birmensdorf, Switzerland

Andre van Frankenhuyzen - Jagerskamp 113, 6706 EK Wageningen, Netherlands

Emilio Guerrieri - Centro di Studio CNR sulle Tecniche di Lotta Biologica, Via Universita, 133- 80055 Portici, Italy

Dan Gerling - Department of Zoology, Tel Aviv University, Ramat Aviv 69978, Israel
C. Freebairn - see Mali Malipatil

Miodrag Grbic - current address unkown

Guillermo Guzuian - CIAT, AA 6713, Cali, Colombia

Brad Hawkins - Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California, Irvine, California 92717, USA

George Hempel - Department of Entomology, University of Minesota, St. Paul, Minnesota 55108, USA

R.M. Hendrikson jr - University of Montana, Montana, USA

John Heraty - University of California, Riverside, California 92521, USA

Thomas Hoffmeister - Zoologisches Institut, Oekologie, Christian-Albrechts Universität Kiel, Olshaustenstr. 40, D-24098 Kiel, Germany

Kees Hofker - Population Biology, Leiden University, Netherlands

Marshall W. Johnson, Department of Plant and Environmental Protection Sciences, University of Hawaii at Manoa, 3050 Maile Way, Honolulu, Hawaii 96822

Peter Jones - CSIRO Entomology, PMB 3, Indooroopilly, Queensland 4068, Australia

John Kennedy - see Mali Malipatil

Walter Klerks - Haarsmastraat 9, 7893 KL, Wapse, Netherlands

A. Le Ralec (via Jean-Yves Rasplus) - see Jean-Yves Rasplus

Jennifer Loye - University of New Mexico, New Mexico, USA

Mali Malipatil - Institute for Horticultural Development, Agriculture Victoria, PMB 15, South Easter Mail Centre, Victoria 3176, Australia.

Gay Marris - Central Science Laboratory, Sand Hutton, York YO4 1LZ, UK

Steve Marshall - Department of Environmental Biology, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario N1G 2W1, Canada

Nick Mills - Insect Biology, Wellman Hall, Department of Environmental Science, Policy and Management, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720-3112, USA

Oscar P.J.M. Minkenberg - Netherlands (current address unknown)

Walter Nagamine - c/o Department of Agriculture, State of Hawaii, 16 E. Lanikaula Street, Hilo, Hawaii 96720-4302, USA

Peter Neuenschwander/George Goergen - Biological Control Centre for Africa, International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, 08 BP 0932, Tri Postal, Cotonou, Republic of Benin

Ru Nguyen - Division of Plant Industry, P.O. Box 147100, Gainesville, Florida 32614-7100

Peter Ooi - FAO ICP for IPM in Rice in S & SE Asia, Jl. Taman Margasatwa No 61, Jati, Padang, Pasar Minggu, Jakarta, 12540, Indonesia

Michael Parrella - University of California, Davis, California, USA

Jorge Pena - Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida, 18905 SW 280 Street, Homestead, Florida 33031, USA

Robert Pfannenstiel - TFREC, Washington State Uniersity, 1100 N Western Avenue, Wenatchee, Washington 98801, USA

O. Plantard (via Jean-Yves Rasplus) - see Jean-Yves Rasplus

Andrew Polaszek - International Institute of Entomology, c/o The Natural History Museum, South Kensington, London SW7 5BD, UK

Kenneth Raffa - Department of Entomology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, USA

Miriam Pywell - see Mali Malipatil

Mike Rose - University of Montana, Montana, USA

Edward Ross - California Academy of Science, Golden Gate Park, San Francisco, California 94118, USA

Jean-Yves Rasplus - Laboratoire de Mod,lisation et Biologie Evolutive, INRA, 34090 Montpellier, France

Jeroen van Schelt - Koppert Biological Systems, P.O. Box 155, 2650 AD Berkel en Rodenrijs, Netherlands

Mark R. Shaw - Department of Natural History, Royal Museum of Scotland, Chambers Street, Edinburgh EH1 1JE, Scotland

Dan Smith - Maroochy Research Station, Queensland Horticultural Institute, Queensland, Department of Primary Industries, P.O. Box 5083, SCMC, Nambour, Queensland 4560, Australia.

Masami Takagi - Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University, Fukuoka 912, Japan
Keiji Takasu - Faculty of Agriculture, Kobe University, Kobe 657, Japan

Nina Trandem - Agricultural University of Norway, Box 5014 NLH, 1432 Aas, Norway

Simon van Noort - Natural History Division, South African Museum, Iziko Museums of Cape Town, PO Box 61, Cape Town 8000, South Africa.

Beat Wermelinger - Entomology, Swiss Federal Research Institute WSL, 8903 Birmensdorf, Switzerland

Jack Werren - Department of Biology, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14627-0211, USA

Robin Williams - Kyntons Mead, Heath House, Wedmore, Somerset BS28 4UQ, England, UK

Conversion of slides to electronic images was undertaken at The Natural History Museum by:

Kevin Webb
Patricia Hart

This database would not have been possible without the help of numerous
specialists worldwide who answered taxonomic queries or who helped in some
other way:

Zdenek Boucek (c/o The Natural History Museum, London, UK)
John LaSalle (CSIRO Entomology, GPO Box 1700, Canberra ACT 2601, Australia)
Andrew Polasek (c/o The Natural History Museum, London, UK)
Steve Heydon (University of California, Davis, California, USA)
Jean-Yves Rasplus (INRA, Montpellier, France)
Gerard Delvare (CIRAD, Montpellier, France)
Mike Schauff (USDA, c/o US National Museum, Washington D.C., USA)
Eric Grissell (USDA, c/o US National Museum, Washington D.C., USA)
John Huber (Forestry Canada, K.W. Neatby Building, Ottawa, Canada)
Gary Gibson (Agriculture Canada, K.W. Neatby Building, Ottawa, Canada)
Christer Hansson (Lund University, Lund, Sweden)
John Heraty (University of California, Riverside, California, USA)
Mohamad Hayat (Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, India)
John Pinto (University of California, Riverside, California, USA)
Mike Fitton (The Natural History Museum, London, UK)
Barry Bolton (The Natural History Museum, London, UK)
Gerhard Prinsloo (Plant Protection Research Institute, Pretoria, South Africa)

I am grateful to Dr Mike Schauff and Jean-Yves Raplus for allowing me to include .pdf files of papers written by A.A. Girault and G. Grandi respectively.

I am grateful for the University of California Statewide IPM Project (see Jack Kelly Clark) for allowing me freedom to use images of chalcidoids appearing on their excellent web site (

I am particularly grateful to Mike Sadka, who designed the dynamic search pages and database interface, and to Brian Pitkin, who designed and edited the text pages.

John Noyes. July, 2003

Last updated 05-Sep-2003 Dr B R Pitkin