Solifugids are solitary and often highly aggressive creatures with large jaws. There are approximately 1,100 described species.

They possess:

  • sensory fan-like structures called racquet organs, on their fourth pair of legs
  • suction organs on their palps
  • tail-like protrusions on their mouthparts (in males)
About the name

Solifugids are mainly nocturnal resulting in their scientific name - fugae which means 'avoidance' in Latin and soli that refers to the sun.