1997- Department of Zoology , NHM
1988 - 1997 School of Biological Sciences, Queen Mary College, University of London
1987 - 1988 School of Biology, N.E. London Polytechnic
1986 B.Sc. Science
1983 HND Applied Biology
Most of the fieldwork is based around UK estuaries, especially those which have historic metal pollution. Sites include rivers in Cornwall (Gannel, Hayle, Restronguet Creek) and Dulas Bay on Anglessey. These are contracted with local sites in the Thames estuary which act as 'non polluted' reference locations. The fieldwork usually involves sampling sediment and fauna from the intertidal zone, be it rocky shore or mudflat (usually mudflat!)
My work has carried me abroad to various parts of Europe, including sampling along the Polish Baltic coast and estuaries in France. Occasion trips to Brazil to sample estuary and mangroves for trace metals.
Work collecting Mitten crabs has involved many hours on the shores of the river Thames and sorting through the rubbish collected by power station inlet water filter screens.
Marine and estuarine environment, interactions between man and animals within aquatic systems
Trace metals in the aquatic environment, the interaction of metals (Zn, Cu, Cd, As) with polychaete organisms living with in the marine and estaurine environments
The spread of the mitten crab in the Thames catchment and its effect on native crustacea
Clark PF, C.P., Smith BD, Rainbow PS, Pearce D, Miguez RP, The commercial exploitation of Thames Mitten Crab: A feasability study. 2008
Rainbow P.S., Smith BD., Luoma S.N, Biodynamic modelling and the prediction of Ag, Cd, and Zn accumulation from solution and sediment by the polychaete Nereis diversicolor. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 2009. 390: p. 145-155.
C.A.R. Silva, B.D.Smith ..P.S.Rainbow., Comparative biomonitors of coastal trace metal contamination in tropical South America (N. Brazil). Marine Environmental Research, 2006. 61: p. 439-455.
Fialkowski W, C.P., Dahlke S, Dietrich A, Moore PG, Olenin S, Persson LE, Smith BD, Spegys M, Rainbow PS, , The sandhopper Talitrus saltator (Crusteaca: Amphipoda) as a biomonitor of trace metal bioavailabilities in European coastal waters. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 2009. 58: p. 39 - 44.
Fialkowski W, K.-o.M., Rainbow PS, Smith BD, Zmudzinski L, Mayfly larvae (Baetis rhodani and B. vernus) as biomonitors of trace metal pollution in streams of a catchment draining a zinc and lead minimg area of Upper Silesia, Poland. Environmental Pollution, 2003. 121: p. 253-267.
Marsden ID, R.P., Smith BD, Trace metal concentrations in two New Zealand talitrid amphipods: effects of gender and reproductive state and implications for biomonitoring. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 2003. 290: p. 93-113.