Using data for conservation, prediction and policy
We are losing biodiversity at an unparalleled rate in response to deforestation, hunting, overfishing, invasive species, pollution and climate change.
The PREDICTS project analyses ecological studies from around the world to understand how human activities - especially those related to land use change and intensification - are changing biodiversity.
This biodiversity change is shown as the Biodiversity Intactness Index, an estimated percentage of the original number of species that remain and their abundance in any given area, despite human impacts.
The biodiversity crisis
Biodiversity, or the variety of animal and plant life, is fundamental to human life on Earth.
The decline in animal and plant species is not only an environmental issue but also a development, economic, ethical and moral issue.
Biodiversity loss threatens to undermine most of the UN's Sustainable Development Goals.
Land use change
The most significant cause of biodiversity loss on land in the last several decades has been land use change.
Common changes in land use include unsustainable agriculture, logging and residential or commercial development.
Changing land use can completely or partially destroy the environment where a species lives, or reduce the quality of the environment.
Monitoring the diversity of life
We need to understand and monitor biodiversity loss in our endeavour to reverse global damage to life on Earth.
Biodiversity indicators are a crucial measure which scientists and policymakers can use to keep track of biodiversity loss.
These tools help to ensure the success of policies and practices designed to conserve and restore biodiversity.