Differs from other Echinothuriidae except for Sperosoma in having the primary ambulacral plate commonly formed of two parts. In Tromikosoma the buccal notches and 'gills' around the peristomial margin are absent, whereas in Sperosoma they are always developed according to Mortensen (1935).
Mooi et al. (2004) have argued that the divided ambulacral plate is an artefact caused by fracturing of thin plates during collection and subsequent handling. In Mooi et al's (2004) cladistic analysis Sperosoma is shown to be a paraphyletic grade of species below a clade of Tromikosoma species. Given the paraphyletic nature of Sperosoma, it seems best to unite Sperosoma and Tromikosoma to form a single large monogphyletic genus.
Mooi, R., Constable, H., Lockhart, S. & Pearse, J. 2004. Echinothurioid phylogeny and the phylogenetic significance of Kamptosoma (Echinoidea: Echinodermata). Deep Sea Research II 51, 1903-1919.
Mortensen, T. 1903. Danish Ingolf Expedition 4(1) Echinoidea. p. 65.
Mortensen, T. 1935. A monograph of the Echinoidea. Volume 2, Bothriocidaroida, Melonechinoida, Lepidocentroida and Stirodonta. C.A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.