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Confocal Laser Scanning Microscopy (CLSM) and its application to fossil dinoflagellate cysts

Susanne Feist-Burkhardt
Institute for Geology and Palaeontology
Darmstadt University of Technology, Germany
Jörg Pross
Institute and Museum for Geology and Palaeontology
University of Tübingen, Germany

This contribution has been presented in a similar form as a lecture and a poster presentation at DINO 6, the Sixth International Conference on Modern and Fossil Dinoflagellates, June, 7 - 12, 1998 in Trondheim, Norway, and displays parts of the publication:
FEIST-BURKHARDT, S. & PROSS, J. (1999): Morphological analysis and description of Middle Jurassic dinoflagellate cyst marker species using confocal laser scanning microscopy, digital optical microscopy, and conventional light microscopy. Bull. Centre Rech. Elf Explor. Prod., [1998] 22(1): 103-145, 3 fig., 16 pl.; Pau.


  1. Introduction
  2. What is CLSM and how does it work?
  3. Image acquisition
  4. Application of CLSM to fossil dinoflagellate cysts -
    Examples from some Middle Jurassic taxa:
    a) Protobatioladinium mercieri
    b) Wanaea cornucavata
    c) Hapsidaulax margarethae
  5. Summary of experiences
  6. Advantages of CLSM in the application to fossil dinoflagellate cysts
  7. Conclusions and Outlook
  8. Acknowledgements