The animal is considered 'near threatened' by the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN).
The major risks to the jaguar include:
The jaguar is regulated as an appendix I species under CITES which means:
Current conservation efforts focus on educating ranch owners and promoting eco-tourism.
The jaguar is defined as an ‘umbrella species’ - a species whose home range and habitat requirements are sufficiently broad that if protected, numerous other species of smaller range will also be protected.
In 1991, 600–1,000 jaguars - the highest total to date - were estimated to be living in Belize.
In 2003 and 2004, researchers using GPS-telemetry found only 6 or 7 jaguars per 100 square kilometres in the Pantanal region of Brazil.
Jaguar conservation occurs by protecting jaguar hotspots. These hotspots are large areas populated by about 50 jaguars.
To maintain the species it is important that the jaguar gene pool is mixed, and this depends on jaguars being interconnected. A new project, the Paseo del Jaguar has been established to connect jaguar hotspots.