Dr David Lees

Dr David Lees

Curator, Microlepidoptera

Department: Life Sciences
Division: LS Insects Division
Other email: dclees@gmail.com
Phone: 0207 942 5314
https://www.researchgate.net

Specialisms

Butterflies, Invasive species, Madagascar, Microlepidoptera, Systematics

Summary

I am responsible for the traditional ‘Microlepidoptera’ at NHM (around 9000 drawers, 1 million specimens). My current curatorial focus is the Yponomeutoidea, a superfamily including economically important species such as the Ermine moths, whose museum arrangement needs modernisation. I am involved in both molecular and morphological works on Lepidoptera worldwide, with a long-term interest in their taxonomy, evolution, biogeography and faunistics, especially in Madagascar

Qualifications

Degrees

PhD, University of London, United Kingdom

Highlighted publications

Timmermans MJTN, Lees DC, Simonsen TJ (2014) Towards a mitogenomic phylogeny of Lepidoptera. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 79 : 169 - 178. doi: 10.1016/j.ympev.2014.05.031

Lees DC, Kawahara AY, Rougerie R, Ohshima I, Kawakita A, et al. (2014) DNA barcoding reveals a largely unknown fauna of Gracillariidae leaf-mining moths in the Neotropics. Molecular Ecology Resources, 14 (2) : 286 - 296. doi: 10.1111/1755-0998.12178

Lees DC, Lack HW, Rougerie R, Hernandez-lopez A, Raus T, et al. (2011) Tracking origins of invasive herbivores through herbaria and archival DNA: the case of the horse-chestnut leaf miner. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 9 (6) : 322 - 328. doi: 10.1890/100098

Kremen C, Cameron A, Moilanen A, Phillips SJ, Thomas CD, et al. (2008) Aligning conservation priorities across taxa in Madagascar with high-resolution planning tools. Science, 320 (5873) : 222 - 226. doi: 10.1126/science.1155193

Fellowships

Fellow of the Linnean Society, Linnean Society, London, 1991 - on going.

Fellow of the Royal Entomological Society, Royal Entomological Society, London, 1981 - on going.

Committees

Director, Baltic-American Biotaxonomy Institute (B.A.B.I.), 2014 - on going.

Memberships

Member, Societas Europaea Lepidopterologica, 2009 - on going.

Publications

Timmermans MJTN, Lees DC, Thompson MJ, Sáfián S, Brattström O (2016) Mitogenomics of ‘Old World Acraea’ butterflies reveals a highly divergent ‘Bematistes’. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 97 : 233 - 241. doi: 10.1016/j.ympev.2015.12.009

Aduse-poku K, Lees DC, Brattström O, Kodandaramaiah U, Collins SC, Wahlberg N, Brakefield PM (2016) Molecular phylogeny and generic-level taxonomy of the widespread palaeotropical 'Heteropsis clade' (Nymphalidae: Satyrinae: Mycalesina). Systematic Entomology, doi: 10.1111/syen.12183

Lees DC (2016) Heteropsis (Nymphalidae: Satyrinae: Satyrini: Mycalesina): 19 new species from Madagascar and interim revision. Zootaxa, 4118 (1) : 1 - 97. doi: 10.11646/zootaxa.4118.1.1

Yang X, Cameron SL, Lees DC, Xue D, Han H (2015) A mitochondrial genome phylogeny of owlet moths (Lepidoptera: Noctuoidea), and examination of the utility of mitochondrial genomes for lepidopteran phylogenetics. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 85 : 230 - 237. doi: 10.1016/j.ympev.2015.02.005

Aduse-poku K, Brattström O, Kodandaramaiah U, Lees DC, Brakefield PM, Wahlberg N (2015) Systematics and historical biogeography of the Old World butterfly subtribe Mycalesina (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Satyrinae). BMC Evolutionary Biology, 15 (1) : doi: 10.1186/s12862-015-0449-3

Espeland M, Hall JPW, Devries PJ, Lees DC, Cornwall M, Hsu Y-F, Wu L-W, Campbell DL, Talavera G, Vila R, Salzman S, Ruehr S, Lohman DJ, Pierce NE (2015) Ancient Neotropical origin and recent recolonisation: Phylogeny, biogeography and diversification of the Riodinidae (Lepidoptera: Papilionoidea). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 93 : 296 - 306. doi: 10.1016/j.ympev.2015.08.006

Timmermans MJTN, Lees DC, Simonsen TJ (2014) Towards a mitogenomic phylogeny of Lepidoptera. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 79 : 169 - 178. doi: 10.1016/j.ympev.2014.05.031

Lees DC, Kawahara AY, Rougerie R, Ohshima I, Kawakita A, Bouteleux O, De PrinsJ, Lopez-vaamonde C (2014) DNA barcoding reveals a largely unknown fauna of Gracillariidae leaf-mining moths in the Neotropics. Molecular Ecology Resources, 14 (2) : 286 - 296. doi: 10.1111/1755-0998.12178

Lees D, Gibbs GW (2014) New Caledonia as an evolutionary cradle: a re-appraisal of the jaw-moth genus Sabatinca (Lepidoptera: Micropterigidae) and its significance for assessing the antiquity of the island’s fauna, In: Biodiversity studies in New Caledonia, Guilbert É, Robillard T, Jourdan H (Eds). Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle : Paris. 241 - 268.

Wu L-W, Lin L-H, Lees DC, Hsu Y-F (2014) Mitogenomic sequences effectively recover relationships within brush-footed butterflies (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). BMC Genomics, 15 (1) : 468 - 468. doi: 10.1186/1471-2164-15-468

Regier JC, Mitter C, Zwick A, Bazinet AL, Cummings MP, Kawahara AY, Sohn J, Zwickl DJ, Cho S, Davis DR, Baixeras J, Brown J, Parr C, Weller S, Lees DC, Mitter KT (2013) A large-scale, higher-level, molecular phylogenetic study of the insect order Lepidoptera (moths and butterflies). Plos One, 8 : doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0058568

Balletto E, Lees DC (2012) Case 3573 Papilio narcissus Fabricius, 1798 (currently Heteropsis narcissus; Lepidoptera, NYMPHALIDAE): proposed conservation of the specific name. Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature, 69 (4) : 260 - 265.

Hernández-lópez A, Rougerie R, Augustin S, Lees DC, Tomov R, Kenis M, Çota E, Kullaj E, Hansson C, Grabenweger G, Roques A, López -VaamondeC (2012) Host tracking or cryptic adaptation? Phylogeography of Pediobius saulius (Hymenoptera, Eulophidae), a parasitoid of the highly invasive horse-chestnut leafminer. Evolutionary Applications, 5 : 256 - 269. doi: 10.1111/j.1752-4571.2011.00220.x

Lopez-vaamonde C, Breman FC, Lees DC, Van HoudtJ, De PrinsJ (2012) Analysis of tissue dependent DNA yield for optimal sampling of micro-moths in large-scale biodiversity surveys. European Journal of Entomology, 109 : 1 - 6.

Laurance WF, Carolina UsecheD, Shoo LP, Herzog SK, Kessler M, Escobar F, Brehm G, Axmacher JC, Chen I-C, Gámez LA (2011) Global warming, elevational ranges and the vulnerability of tropical biota. Biological Conservation, 144 (1) : 548 - 557. doi: 10.1016/j.biocon.2010.10.010

Lees DC, Lack HW, Rougerie R, Hernandez-lopez A, Raus T, Avtzis ND, Augustin S, Lopez-vaamonde C (2011) Tracking origins of invasive herbivores through herbaria and archival DNA: the case of the horse-chestnut leaf miner. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 9 (6) : 322 - 328. doi: 10.1890/100098

Nazari V, Larsen TB, Lees DC, Brattström O, Bouyer T, Van dePoelG, Hebert PDN (2011) Phylogenetic systematics of Colotis and associated genera (Lepidoptera: Pieridae): evolutionary and taxonomic implications. Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research, 49 : 204 - 215. doi: 10.1111/j.1439-0469.2011.00620.x

Van NieukerkenEJ, Kaila L, Kitching IJ, Kristensen NP, Lees DC, Minet J, Mitter C, Mutanen M, Regier J, Simonsen TJ, Wahlberg N, Yen S-H, Zahiri R, Et al (2011) Order Lepidoptera Linnaeus, 1758, In: Animal biodiversity: An outline of higher-level classification and survey of taxonomic richness, Zhang Z-Q (Eds). null : 212 - 221.

Wu LW, Lees DC, Yen SH, Lu CC, Hsu YF (2011) The complete mitochondrial genome of the near-threatened swallowtail, Agehana maraho (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae): evaluating sequence variability and suitable markers for conservation genetic studies. Entomological News, 121 : 267 - 280.

Zeale MRK, Butlin RK, Barker GLA, Lees DC, Jones G (2011) Taxon-specific PCR for DNA barcoding arthropod prey in bat faeces. Molecular Ecology Resources, 11 : 236 - 244.

Lopez-vaamonde C, Agassiz D, Augustin S, De PrinsJ, De PrinsW, De PrinsW, Gomboc S, Ivinskis P, Karsholt O, Koutroumpas A, Koutroumpa F, Laštůvka Z, Marabuto E, Olivella E, Przybylowicz L, Roques A, Ryrholm N, Sefrova H, Sima P, Sims I, Sinev S, Skulev B, Tomov R, Zilli A, Lees D (2010) Lepidoptera. Chapter 11. BioRisk, 4 : 603 - 668. doi: 10.3897/biorisk.4.50

Kodandaramaiah U, Lees DC, Müller CJ, Torres E, Karanth KP, Wahlberg N (2010) Phylogenetics and biogeography of a spectacular Old World radiation of butterflies: the subtribe Mycalesina (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Satyrini). BMC Evolutionary Biology, 10 (1) : 172 - 172. doi: 10.1186/1471-2148-10-172

Lees DC, Rougerie R, Zeller-lukashort HC, Kristensen NP (2010) DNA mini-barcodes in taxonomic assignment: a morphologically unique new homoneurous moth clade from the Indian Himalayas described in Micropterix (Lepidoptera, Micropterigidae).. Zoologica Scripta,, 39 : 642 - 661. doi: 10.1111/j.1463-6409.2010.00447.x

Roques A, Kenis M, Lees D, Lopez-vaamonde C, Rabitsch W, Rasplus J-Y, Roy D (2010) Alien terrestrial arthropods of Europe. Roques A, Kenis M, Lees D, Lopez-Vaamonde C, Rabitsch W, Rasplus J-Y, Roy D (Eds). Pensoft Pub : Sofia. 570.

Wu L-W, Yen SH, Lees DC, Hsu Y-F (2010) Elucidating genetic signatures of native and introduced populations of the Cycad Blue, Chilades pandava to Taiwan: a threat both to Sago Palm and to native Cycas populations worldwide.. Biological Invasions, doi: 10.1007/s10530-009-9672-4

Monaghan MT, Wild R, Elliot M, Fujisawa T, Balke M, Inward DJG, Lees DC, Ranaivosolo R, Eggleton P, Barraclough TG, Vogler AP (2009) Accelerated Species Inventory on Madagascar Using Coalescent-Based Models of Species Delineation. Systematic Biology, 58 (3) : 298 - 311. doi: 10.1093/sysbio/syp027

Linares MC, Soto-calderón ID, Lees DC, Anthony NM (2009) High mitochondrial diversity in geographically widespread butterflies of Madagascar: A test of the DNA barcoding approach. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 50 (3) : 485 - 495. doi: 10.1016/j.ympev.2008.11.008

Vences M, Wollenberg KC, Vieites DR, Lees DC (2009) Madagascar as a model region of species diversification. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 24 (8) : 456 - 465. doi: 10.1016/j.tree.2009.03.011

Wu LW, Lees DC, Hsu YF (2009) Tracing the origin of Chilades pandava (Lepidoptera, Lycaenidae) found at Kinmen Island using mitochondrial COI and COII genes. Bioformosa, 44 (2) : 61 - 68.

Zeller-lukashort HC, Kurz MA, Lees DC, Schwartz-tzachor R (2009) Micropterix of Cyprus and the Middle East (Micropterigidae). Nota Lepidopterologica, 32 (2) : 129 - 138.

Kremen C, Cameron A, Razafimpahanana A, Moilanen A, Thomas CD, Beentje H, Dransfield J, Fisher BL, Glaw F, Good TC, Harper GJ, Hijmans RJ, Lees DC, Jr LE, Nussbaum RA, Phillips SJ, Raxworthy CJ, Schatz GE, Vences M, Vieites DR, Wright PC, Zjhra ML (2008) Conservation with caveats - Response. SCIENCE, 321 (5887) : 341 - 342.

Kremen C, Cameron A, Moilanen A, Phillips SJ, Thomas CD, Beentje H, Dransfield J, Fisher BL, Glaw F, Good TC, Harper GJ, Hijmans RJ, Lees DC, Louis E, Nussbaum RA, Raxworthy CJ, Razafimpahanana A, Schatz GE, Vences M, Vieites DR, Wright PC, Zjhra ML (2008) Aligning conservation priorities across taxa in Madagascar with high-resolution planning tools. Science, 320 (5873) : 222 - 226. doi: 10.1126/science.1155193

Shaverdo H, Monaghan MT, Lees DC, Ranaivosolo R, Balke M (2008) Madaglymbus, a new genus of Malagasy endemic diving beetles and description of a highly unusual species based on morphology and DNA sequence data (Dytiscidae: Copelatinae). Systematics and Biodiversity, 6 (1) : 43 - 51. doi: 10.1017/S1477200007002599

Allnutt TF, Ferrier S, Manion G, Powell GVN, Ricketts TH, Fisher BL, Harper GJ, Irwin ME, Kremen C, Labat J-N, Lees DC, Pearce TA, Rakotondrainibe F (2008) A method for quantifying biodiversity loss and its application to a 50-year record of deforestation across Madagascar. Conservation Letters, 1 (4) : 173 - 181. doi: 10.1111/j.1755-263X.2008.00027.x

Silva-brandão KL, Wahlberg N, Francini RB, Azeredo-espin AML, Brown KS, Paluch M, Lees DC, Freitas AVL (2008) Phylogenetic relationships of butterflies of the tribe Acraeini (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae, Heliconiinae) and the evolution of host plant use. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 46 (2) : 515 - 531. doi: 10.1016/j.ympev.2007.11.024

Hilgartner R, Raoilison M, Buttiker W, Lees DC, Krenn HW (2007) Malagasy birds as hosts for eye-frequenting moths. Biology Letters, 3 (2) : 117 - 120. doi: 10.1098/rsbl.2006.0581

Aberlenc HP, Andriamanantenina L, Faure G, Lees DC, Minet J, Olivier L, Rafamantanantsoa C, Randrianandrasana M, Razafindrakotomamonjy A (2007) Le Radeau des Cimes au Parc national de Masoala (Madagascar). Première partie : éléments pour un inventaire des Lépidoptères. Bulletin mensuel de la Société linnéenne de Lyon, 76 (6) : 141 - 154.

Lees DC, Stonis JR (2007) The first record of Tischeriidae (Insecta: Lepidoptera) from Madagascar, with description of Coptotriche alavelona sp. n. and an updated distributional checklist of Afrotropical Tischeriidae. Zootaxa, 1645 : 35 - 45.

Lees DC, Colwell RK (2007) A strong Madagascan rainforest MDE and no equatorward increase in species richness: Re-analysis of 'The missing Madagascan mid-domain effect' by Kerr, J.T., Perring, M. & Currie, D.J. (Ecology Letters 9:149-159, 2006). Ecology Letters, 10 : doi: 10.1111/j.1461-0248.2007.01040.x

Zeller-lukashort HC, Kurz ME, Lees DC, Kurz MA (2007) A review of Micropterix Hübner, 1825: the species of Northern and Central Europe. Nota Lepidopterologica, 30 (2) : 235 - 298.

Pearson RG, Thuiller W, Araújo MB, Martinez-meyer E, Brotons L, Mcclean C, Miles L, Segurado P, Dawson TP, Lees DC (2006) Model-based uncertainty in species range prediction. Journal of Biogeography, 33 (10) : 1704 - 1711. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2699.2006.01460.x

Kite GC, Hoffmann P, Lees DC, Wurdack KJ, Gillespie LJ (2005) α-Homonojirimycin and other polyhydroxyalkaloids in Suregada Roxb. ex Rottl. (Euphorbiaceae). Biochemical Systematics and Ecology, 33 (11) : 1183 - 1186. doi: 10.1016/j.bse.2005.06.001

Ferrier S, Powell GVN, Richardson KS, Manion G, Overton JM, Allnutt TF, Cameron SE, Mantle K, Burgess ND, Faith DP, Lamoreux JF, Kier G, Hijmans RJ, Funk VA, Cassis GA, Fisher BL, Flemons P, Lees D, Lovett JC, Van RompaeyRSAR (2004) Mapping more of terrestrial biodiversity for global conservation assessment. BioScience, 54 (12) : 1101 - 1109. doi: 10.1641/0006-3568(2004)054[1101:MMOTBF]2.0.CO;2

Zakharov EV, Smith CR, Lees DC, Cameron A, Vane-wright RI, Sperling FAH (2004) Independent gene phylogenies and morphology demonstrate a Malagasy origin for lime swallowtail butterflies. Evolution, 58 : 2763 - 2782.

Kremen C, Lees DC, Fay JP (2003) Butterflies and conservation planning in Madagascar: from pattern to practice, In: Butterflies: Ecology and Evolution Taking Flight, Boggs CL, Watt WB, Ehrlich PB (Eds). University of Chicago Press : London and Chicago. 517 - 540.

Lees DC, Kremen C, Raharitsimba H (2003) Classification, diversity and endemism of the butterflies (Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea): a revised species checklist, In: The Natural History of Madagascar, Goodman SM, Benstead JP (Eds). University of Chicago Press : Chicago. 762 - 793.

Lees DC, Minet J (2003) Lepidoptera: systematics and diversity, In: The Natural History of Madagascar, Goodman SM, Benstead JP (Eds). University of Chicago Press : 748 - 761.

Viloria AL, Pyrcz TW, Wojtusiak J, Ferrer-paris JR, Beccaloni GW, Sattler K, Lees DC (2003) A brachypterous butterfly?. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 270 (Suppl_1) : S21 - S24. doi: 10.1098/rsbl.2003.0015

Ackery PR, Goodger K, Lees D (2002) The Bürgermeister's butterfly. Journal of the History of Collections, 14 (2) : 225 - 230. doi: 10.1093/jhc/14.2.225

Lees DC, Fortey RA, Cocks LRM (2002) Quantifying paleogeography using biogeography: a test case for the Ordovician and Silurian of Avalonia based on brachiopods and trilobites. Paleobiology, 28 (3) : 343 - 363. doi: 10.1666/0094-8373(2002)028<0343:QPUBAT>2.0.CO;2

Andriamampianina L, Kremen C, Vane-wright RI, Lees D, Razafimahatratra R (2001) Taxic richness patterns and conservation evaluation of Madagascan tiger beetles (Coleoptera: Cicindelidae). Journal of Insect Conservation, 4 : 109 - 128.

Kremen C, Lees D, Razafimahatratra V, Raharitsimba H (2001) Designing a new National Park in Madagascar: the use of biodiversity data, In: African Rain Forest Ecology And Conservation, Weber W, White LJT, Vedder A, Naughton-Treves L (Eds). Yale University Press : New Haven and London.

Torres E, Lees DC, Vane-wright RI, Kremen C, Leonard JA, Wayne RK (2001) Examining Monophyly in a Large Radiation of Madagascan Butterflies (Lepidoptera: Satyrinae: Mycalesina) Based on Mitochondrial DNA Data. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 20 (3) : 460 - 473. doi: 10.1006/mpev.2001.0984

Colwell R, Lees D (2000) The mid-domain effect and the longitudinal dimension of continents. Reply from R.K. Colwell and D.C. Lees. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 15 (7) : 289 - 289. doi: 10.1016/S0169-5347(00)01884-X

Andriamampianina L, Kremen C, Vane-wright D, Lees D, Razafimahatratra V (2000) Taxic richness patterns and conservation evaluation of Madagascan tiger beetles (Coleoptera: Cicindelidae). JOURNAL OF INSECT CONSERVATION, 4 (2) : 109 - 128. doi: 10.1023/A:1009667712512

Lees DC, Kremen C, Andriamampianina L (1999) A null model for species richness gradients: bounded range overlap of butterflies and other rainforest endemics in Madagascar. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 67 (4) : 529 - 584. doi: 10.1111/j.1095-8312.1999.tb01945.x

Kite GC, Scofield AM, Lees DC, Hughes M, Smith NG (1997) Alkaloidal glycosidase inhibitors and digestive glycosidase inhibition in specialist and generalist herbivores of Omphalea diandra. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 23 (1) : 119 - 135. doi: 10.1023/B:JOEC.0000006349.84075.f0

Lees DC (1997) Systematics and biogeography of Madagascan mycalesine butterflies (Lepidoptera: Satyrinae). PhD Thesis.

Lees DC (1996) The Perinet effect? Diversity gradients in an adaptive radiation of Madagascan butterflies (Satyrinae: Mycalesina) contrasted with other species-rich rainforest taxa, In: null, null : 479 - 490.

(1992) Foreleg stridulation in male Urania moths (Lepidoptera: Uraniidae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 106 (2) : 163 - 170. doi: 10.1111/j.1096-3642.1992.tb01245.x

Kite GC, Fellows LE, Lees DC, Kitchen D, Monteith GB (1991) Alkaloidal glycosidase inhibitors in nocturnal and diurnal uraniine moths and their respective foodplant genera, Endospermum and Omphalea. Biochemical Systematics and Ecology, 19 (6) : 441 - 445. doi: 10.1016/0305-1978(91)90063-6

Lees DC (1991) Foodplant associations of the Uraniinae (Uraniidae) and their systematic, evolutionary and ecological significance. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society, 45 (4) : 296 - 347.

Introduction

Summary

I am responsible for the traditional ‘Microlepidoptera’ at NHM (around 9000 drawers, 1 million specimens). My current curatorial focus is the Yponomeutoidea, a superfamily including economically important species such as the Ermine moths, whose museum arrangement needs modernisation. I am involved in both molecular and morphological works on Lepidoptera worldwide, with a long-term interest in their taxonomy, evolution, biogeography and faunistics, especially in Madagascar

Qualifications

Degrees

PhD, University of London, United Kingdom

Highlighted publications

Timmermans MJTN, Lees DC, Simonsen TJ (2014) Towards a mitogenomic phylogeny of Lepidoptera. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 79 : 169 - 178. doi: 10.1016/j.ympev.2014.05.031

Lees DC, Kawahara AY, Rougerie R, Ohshima I, Kawakita A, et al. (2014) DNA barcoding reveals a largely unknown fauna of Gracillariidae leaf-mining moths in the Neotropics. Molecular Ecology Resources, 14 (2) : 286 - 296. doi: 10.1111/1755-0998.12178

Lees DC, Lack HW, Rougerie R, Hernandez-lopez A, Raus T, et al. (2011) Tracking origins of invasive herbivores through herbaria and archival DNA: the case of the horse-chestnut leaf miner. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 9 (6) : 322 - 328. doi: 10.1890/100098

Kremen C, Cameron A, Moilanen A, Phillips SJ, Thomas CD, et al. (2008) Aligning conservation priorities across taxa in Madagascar with high-resolution planning tools. Science, 320 (5873) : 222 - 226. doi: 10.1126/science.1155193

Professional activities

Fellowships

Fellow of the Linnean Society, Linnean Society, London, 1991 - on going.

Fellow of the Royal Entomological Society, Royal Entomological Society, London, 1981 - on going.

Committees

Director, Baltic-American Biotaxonomy Institute (B.A.B.I.), 2014 - on going.

Memberships

Member, Societas Europaea Lepidopterologica, 2009 - on going.

Publications

Publications

Timmermans MJTN, Lees DC, Thompson MJ, Sáfián S, Brattström O (2016) Mitogenomics of ‘Old World Acraea’ butterflies reveals a highly divergent ‘Bematistes’. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 97 : 233 - 241. doi: 10.1016/j.ympev.2015.12.009

Aduse-poku K, Lees DC, Brattström O, Kodandaramaiah U, Collins SC, Wahlberg N, Brakefield PM (2016) Molecular phylogeny and generic-level taxonomy of the widespread palaeotropical 'Heteropsis clade' (Nymphalidae: Satyrinae: Mycalesina). Systematic Entomology, doi: 10.1111/syen.12183

Lees DC (2016) Heteropsis (Nymphalidae: Satyrinae: Satyrini: Mycalesina): 19 new species from Madagascar and interim revision. Zootaxa, 4118 (1) : 1 - 97. doi: 10.11646/zootaxa.4118.1.1

Yang X, Cameron SL, Lees DC, Xue D, Han H (2015) A mitochondrial genome phylogeny of owlet moths (Lepidoptera: Noctuoidea), and examination of the utility of mitochondrial genomes for lepidopteran phylogenetics. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 85 : 230 - 237. doi: 10.1016/j.ympev.2015.02.005

Aduse-poku K, Brattström O, Kodandaramaiah U, Lees DC, Brakefield PM, Wahlberg N (2015) Systematics and historical biogeography of the Old World butterfly subtribe Mycalesina (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Satyrinae). BMC Evolutionary Biology, 15 (1) : doi: 10.1186/s12862-015-0449-3

Espeland M, Hall JPW, Devries PJ, Lees DC, Cornwall M, Hsu Y-F, Wu L-W, Campbell DL, Talavera G, Vila R, Salzman S, Ruehr S, Lohman DJ, Pierce NE (2015) Ancient Neotropical origin and recent recolonisation: Phylogeny, biogeography and diversification of the Riodinidae (Lepidoptera: Papilionoidea). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 93 : 296 - 306. doi: 10.1016/j.ympev.2015.08.006

Timmermans MJTN, Lees DC, Simonsen TJ (2014) Towards a mitogenomic phylogeny of Lepidoptera. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 79 : 169 - 178. doi: 10.1016/j.ympev.2014.05.031

Lees DC, Kawahara AY, Rougerie R, Ohshima I, Kawakita A, Bouteleux O, De PrinsJ, Lopez-vaamonde C (2014) DNA barcoding reveals a largely unknown fauna of Gracillariidae leaf-mining moths in the Neotropics. Molecular Ecology Resources, 14 (2) : 286 - 296. doi: 10.1111/1755-0998.12178

Lees D, Gibbs GW (2014) New Caledonia as an evolutionary cradle: a re-appraisal of the jaw-moth genus Sabatinca (Lepidoptera: Micropterigidae) and its significance for assessing the antiquity of the island’s fauna, In: Biodiversity studies in New Caledonia, Guilbert É, Robillard T, Jourdan H (Eds). Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle : Paris. 241 - 268.

Wu L-W, Lin L-H, Lees DC, Hsu Y-F (2014) Mitogenomic sequences effectively recover relationships within brush-footed butterflies (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). BMC Genomics, 15 (1) : 468 - 468. doi: 10.1186/1471-2164-15-468

Regier JC, Mitter C, Zwick A, Bazinet AL, Cummings MP, Kawahara AY, Sohn J, Zwickl DJ, Cho S, Davis DR, Baixeras J, Brown J, Parr C, Weller S, Lees DC, Mitter KT (2013) A large-scale, higher-level, molecular phylogenetic study of the insect order Lepidoptera (moths and butterflies). Plos One, 8 : doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0058568

Balletto E, Lees DC (2012) Case 3573 Papilio narcissus Fabricius, 1798 (currently Heteropsis narcissus; Lepidoptera, NYMPHALIDAE): proposed conservation of the specific name. Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature, 69 (4) : 260 - 265.

Hernández-lópez A, Rougerie R, Augustin S, Lees DC, Tomov R, Kenis M, Çota E, Kullaj E, Hansson C, Grabenweger G, Roques A, López -VaamondeC (2012) Host tracking or cryptic adaptation? Phylogeography of Pediobius saulius (Hymenoptera, Eulophidae), a parasitoid of the highly invasive horse-chestnut leafminer. Evolutionary Applications, 5 : 256 - 269. doi: 10.1111/j.1752-4571.2011.00220.x

Lopez-vaamonde C, Breman FC, Lees DC, Van HoudtJ, De PrinsJ (2012) Analysis of tissue dependent DNA yield for optimal sampling of micro-moths in large-scale biodiversity surveys. European Journal of Entomology, 109 : 1 - 6.

Laurance WF, Carolina UsecheD, Shoo LP, Herzog SK, Kessler M, Escobar F, Brehm G, Axmacher JC, Chen I-C, Gámez LA (2011) Global warming, elevational ranges and the vulnerability of tropical biota. Biological Conservation, 144 (1) : 548 - 557. doi: 10.1016/j.biocon.2010.10.010

Lees DC, Lack HW, Rougerie R, Hernandez-lopez A, Raus T, Avtzis ND, Augustin S, Lopez-vaamonde C (2011) Tracking origins of invasive herbivores through herbaria and archival DNA: the case of the horse-chestnut leaf miner. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 9 (6) : 322 - 328. doi: 10.1890/100098

Nazari V, Larsen TB, Lees DC, Brattström O, Bouyer T, Van dePoelG, Hebert PDN (2011) Phylogenetic systematics of Colotis and associated genera (Lepidoptera: Pieridae): evolutionary and taxonomic implications. Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research, 49 : 204 - 215. doi: 10.1111/j.1439-0469.2011.00620.x

Van NieukerkenEJ, Kaila L, Kitching IJ, Kristensen NP, Lees DC, Minet J, Mitter C, Mutanen M, Regier J, Simonsen TJ, Wahlberg N, Yen S-H, Zahiri R, Et al (2011) Order Lepidoptera Linnaeus, 1758, In: Animal biodiversity: An outline of higher-level classification and survey of taxonomic richness, Zhang Z-Q (Eds). null : 212 - 221.

Wu LW, Lees DC, Yen SH, Lu CC, Hsu YF (2011) The complete mitochondrial genome of the near-threatened swallowtail, Agehana maraho (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae): evaluating sequence variability and suitable markers for conservation genetic studies. Entomological News, 121 : 267 - 280.

Zeale MRK, Butlin RK, Barker GLA, Lees DC, Jones G (2011) Taxon-specific PCR for DNA barcoding arthropod prey in bat faeces. Molecular Ecology Resources, 11 : 236 - 244.

Lopez-vaamonde C, Agassiz D, Augustin S, De PrinsJ, De PrinsW, De PrinsW, Gomboc S, Ivinskis P, Karsholt O, Koutroumpas A, Koutroumpa F, Laštůvka Z, Marabuto E, Olivella E, Przybylowicz L, Roques A, Ryrholm N, Sefrova H, Sima P, Sims I, Sinev S, Skulev B, Tomov R, Zilli A, Lees D (2010) Lepidoptera. Chapter 11. BioRisk, 4 : 603 - 668. doi: 10.3897/biorisk.4.50

Kodandaramaiah U, Lees DC, Müller CJ, Torres E, Karanth KP, Wahlberg N (2010) Phylogenetics and biogeography of a spectacular Old World radiation of butterflies: the subtribe Mycalesina (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Satyrini). BMC Evolutionary Biology, 10 (1) : 172 - 172. doi: 10.1186/1471-2148-10-172

Lees DC, Rougerie R, Zeller-lukashort HC, Kristensen NP (2010) DNA mini-barcodes in taxonomic assignment: a morphologically unique new homoneurous moth clade from the Indian Himalayas described in Micropterix (Lepidoptera, Micropterigidae).. Zoologica Scripta,, 39 : 642 - 661. doi: 10.1111/j.1463-6409.2010.00447.x

Roques A, Kenis M, Lees D, Lopez-vaamonde C, Rabitsch W, Rasplus J-Y, Roy D (2010) Alien terrestrial arthropods of Europe. Roques A, Kenis M, Lees D, Lopez-Vaamonde C, Rabitsch W, Rasplus J-Y, Roy D (Eds). Pensoft Pub : Sofia. 570.

Wu L-W, Yen SH, Lees DC, Hsu Y-F (2010) Elucidating genetic signatures of native and introduced populations of the Cycad Blue, Chilades pandava to Taiwan: a threat both to Sago Palm and to native Cycas populations worldwide.. Biological Invasions, doi: 10.1007/s10530-009-9672-4

Monaghan MT, Wild R, Elliot M, Fujisawa T, Balke M, Inward DJG, Lees DC, Ranaivosolo R, Eggleton P, Barraclough TG, Vogler AP (2009) Accelerated Species Inventory on Madagascar Using Coalescent-Based Models of Species Delineation. Systematic Biology, 58 (3) : 298 - 311. doi: 10.1093/sysbio/syp027

Linares MC, Soto-calderón ID, Lees DC, Anthony NM (2009) High mitochondrial diversity in geographically widespread butterflies of Madagascar: A test of the DNA barcoding approach. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 50 (3) : 485 - 495. doi: 10.1016/j.ympev.2008.11.008

Vences M, Wollenberg KC, Vieites DR, Lees DC (2009) Madagascar as a model region of species diversification. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 24 (8) : 456 - 465. doi: 10.1016/j.tree.2009.03.011

Wu LW, Lees DC, Hsu YF (2009) Tracing the origin of Chilades pandava (Lepidoptera, Lycaenidae) found at Kinmen Island using mitochondrial COI and COII genes. Bioformosa, 44 (2) : 61 - 68.

Zeller-lukashort HC, Kurz MA, Lees DC, Schwartz-tzachor R (2009) Micropterix of Cyprus and the Middle East (Micropterigidae). Nota Lepidopterologica, 32 (2) : 129 - 138.

Kremen C, Cameron A, Razafimpahanana A, Moilanen A, Thomas CD, Beentje H, Dransfield J, Fisher BL, Glaw F, Good TC, Harper GJ, Hijmans RJ, Lees DC, Jr LE, Nussbaum RA, Phillips SJ, Raxworthy CJ, Schatz GE, Vences M, Vieites DR, Wright PC, Zjhra ML (2008) Conservation with caveats - Response. SCIENCE, 321 (5887) : 341 - 342.

Kremen C, Cameron A, Moilanen A, Phillips SJ, Thomas CD, Beentje H, Dransfield J, Fisher BL, Glaw F, Good TC, Harper GJ, Hijmans RJ, Lees DC, Louis E, Nussbaum RA, Raxworthy CJ, Razafimpahanana A, Schatz GE, Vences M, Vieites DR, Wright PC, Zjhra ML (2008) Aligning conservation priorities across taxa in Madagascar with high-resolution planning tools. Science, 320 (5873) : 222 - 226. doi: 10.1126/science.1155193

Shaverdo H, Monaghan MT, Lees DC, Ranaivosolo R, Balke M (2008) Madaglymbus, a new genus of Malagasy endemic diving beetles and description of a highly unusual species based on morphology and DNA sequence data (Dytiscidae: Copelatinae). Systematics and Biodiversity, 6 (1) : 43 - 51. doi: 10.1017/S1477200007002599

Allnutt TF, Ferrier S, Manion G, Powell GVN, Ricketts TH, Fisher BL, Harper GJ, Irwin ME, Kremen C, Labat J-N, Lees DC, Pearce TA, Rakotondrainibe F (2008) A method for quantifying biodiversity loss and its application to a 50-year record of deforestation across Madagascar. Conservation Letters, 1 (4) : 173 - 181. doi: 10.1111/j.1755-263X.2008.00027.x

Silva-brandão KL, Wahlberg N, Francini RB, Azeredo-espin AML, Brown KS, Paluch M, Lees DC, Freitas AVL (2008) Phylogenetic relationships of butterflies of the tribe Acraeini (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae, Heliconiinae) and the evolution of host plant use. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 46 (2) : 515 - 531. doi: 10.1016/j.ympev.2007.11.024

Hilgartner R, Raoilison M, Buttiker W, Lees DC, Krenn HW (2007) Malagasy birds as hosts for eye-frequenting moths. Biology Letters, 3 (2) : 117 - 120. doi: 10.1098/rsbl.2006.0581

Aberlenc HP, Andriamanantenina L, Faure G, Lees DC, Minet J, Olivier L, Rafamantanantsoa C, Randrianandrasana M, Razafindrakotomamonjy A (2007) Le Radeau des Cimes au Parc national de Masoala (Madagascar). Première partie : éléments pour un inventaire des Lépidoptères. Bulletin mensuel de la Société linnéenne de Lyon, 76 (6) : 141 - 154.

Lees DC, Stonis JR (2007) The first record of Tischeriidae (Insecta: Lepidoptera) from Madagascar, with description of Coptotriche alavelona sp. n. and an updated distributional checklist of Afrotropical Tischeriidae. Zootaxa, 1645 : 35 - 45.

Lees DC, Colwell RK (2007) A strong Madagascan rainforest MDE and no equatorward increase in species richness: Re-analysis of 'The missing Madagascan mid-domain effect' by Kerr, J.T., Perring, M. & Currie, D.J. (Ecology Letters 9:149-159, 2006). Ecology Letters, 10 : doi: 10.1111/j.1461-0248.2007.01040.x

Zeller-lukashort HC, Kurz ME, Lees DC, Kurz MA (2007) A review of Micropterix Hübner, 1825: the species of Northern and Central Europe. Nota Lepidopterologica, 30 (2) : 235 - 298.

Pearson RG, Thuiller W, Araújo MB, Martinez-meyer E, Brotons L, Mcclean C, Miles L, Segurado P, Dawson TP, Lees DC (2006) Model-based uncertainty in species range prediction. Journal of Biogeography, 33 (10) : 1704 - 1711. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2699.2006.01460.x

Kite GC, Hoffmann P, Lees DC, Wurdack KJ, Gillespie LJ (2005) α-Homonojirimycin and other polyhydroxyalkaloids in Suregada Roxb. ex Rottl. (Euphorbiaceae). Biochemical Systematics and Ecology, 33 (11) : 1183 - 1186. doi: 10.1016/j.bse.2005.06.001

Ferrier S, Powell GVN, Richardson KS, Manion G, Overton JM, Allnutt TF, Cameron SE, Mantle K, Burgess ND, Faith DP, Lamoreux JF, Kier G, Hijmans RJ, Funk VA, Cassis GA, Fisher BL, Flemons P, Lees D, Lovett JC, Van RompaeyRSAR (2004) Mapping more of terrestrial biodiversity for global conservation assessment. BioScience, 54 (12) : 1101 - 1109. doi: 10.1641/0006-3568(2004)054[1101:MMOTBF]2.0.CO;2

Zakharov EV, Smith CR, Lees DC, Cameron A, Vane-wright RI, Sperling FAH (2004) Independent gene phylogenies and morphology demonstrate a Malagasy origin for lime swallowtail butterflies. Evolution, 58 : 2763 - 2782.

Kremen C, Lees DC, Fay JP (2003) Butterflies and conservation planning in Madagascar: from pattern to practice, In: Butterflies: Ecology and Evolution Taking Flight, Boggs CL, Watt WB, Ehrlich PB (Eds). University of Chicago Press : London and Chicago. 517 - 540.

Lees DC, Kremen C, Raharitsimba H (2003) Classification, diversity and endemism of the butterflies (Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea): a revised species checklist, In: The Natural History of Madagascar, Goodman SM, Benstead JP (Eds). University of Chicago Press : Chicago. 762 - 793.

Lees DC, Minet J (2003) Lepidoptera: systematics and diversity, In: The Natural History of Madagascar, Goodman SM, Benstead JP (Eds). University of Chicago Press : 748 - 761.

Viloria AL, Pyrcz TW, Wojtusiak J, Ferrer-paris JR, Beccaloni GW, Sattler K, Lees DC (2003) A brachypterous butterfly?. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 270 (Suppl_1) : S21 - S24. doi: 10.1098/rsbl.2003.0015

Ackery PR, Goodger K, Lees D (2002) The Bürgermeister's butterfly. Journal of the History of Collections, 14 (2) : 225 - 230. doi: 10.1093/jhc/14.2.225

Lees DC, Fortey RA, Cocks LRM (2002) Quantifying paleogeography using biogeography: a test case for the Ordovician and Silurian of Avalonia based on brachiopods and trilobites. Paleobiology, 28 (3) : 343 - 363. doi: 10.1666/0094-8373(2002)028<0343:QPUBAT>2.0.CO;2

Andriamampianina L, Kremen C, Vane-wright RI, Lees D, Razafimahatratra R (2001) Taxic richness patterns and conservation evaluation of Madagascan tiger beetles (Coleoptera: Cicindelidae). Journal of Insect Conservation, 4 : 109 - 128.

Kremen C, Lees D, Razafimahatratra V, Raharitsimba H (2001) Designing a new National Park in Madagascar: the use of biodiversity data, In: African Rain Forest Ecology And Conservation, Weber W, White LJT, Vedder A, Naughton-Treves L (Eds). Yale University Press : New Haven and London.

Torres E, Lees DC, Vane-wright RI, Kremen C, Leonard JA, Wayne RK (2001) Examining Monophyly in a Large Radiation of Madagascan Butterflies (Lepidoptera: Satyrinae: Mycalesina) Based on Mitochondrial DNA Data. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 20 (3) : 460 - 473. doi: 10.1006/mpev.2001.0984

Colwell R, Lees D (2000) The mid-domain effect and the longitudinal dimension of continents. Reply from R.K. Colwell and D.C. Lees. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 15 (7) : 289 - 289. doi: 10.1016/S0169-5347(00)01884-X

Andriamampianina L, Kremen C, Vane-wright D, Lees D, Razafimahatratra V (2000) Taxic richness patterns and conservation evaluation of Madagascan tiger beetles (Coleoptera: Cicindelidae). JOURNAL OF INSECT CONSERVATION, 4 (2) : 109 - 128. doi: 10.1023/A:1009667712512

Lees DC, Kremen C, Andriamampianina L (1999) A null model for species richness gradients: bounded range overlap of butterflies and other rainforest endemics in Madagascar. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 67 (4) : 529 - 584. doi: 10.1111/j.1095-8312.1999.tb01945.x

Kite GC, Scofield AM, Lees DC, Hughes M, Smith NG (1997) Alkaloidal glycosidase inhibitors and digestive glycosidase inhibition in specialist and generalist herbivores of Omphalea diandra. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 23 (1) : 119 - 135. doi: 10.1023/B:JOEC.0000006349.84075.f0

Lees DC (1997) Systematics and biogeography of Madagascan mycalesine butterflies (Lepidoptera: Satyrinae). PhD Thesis.

Lees DC (1996) The Perinet effect? Diversity gradients in an adaptive radiation of Madagascan butterflies (Satyrinae: Mycalesina) contrasted with other species-rich rainforest taxa, In: null, null : 479 - 490.

(1992) Foreleg stridulation in male Urania moths (Lepidoptera: Uraniidae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 106 (2) : 163 - 170. doi: 10.1111/j.1096-3642.1992.tb01245.x

Kite GC, Fellows LE, Lees DC, Kitchen D, Monteith GB (1991) Alkaloidal glycosidase inhibitors in nocturnal and diurnal uraniine moths and their respective foodplant genera, Endospermum and Omphalea. Biochemical Systematics and Ecology, 19 (6) : 441 - 445. doi: 10.1016/0305-1978(91)90063-6

Lees DC (1991) Foodplant associations of the Uraniinae (Uraniidae) and their systematic, evolutionary and ecological significance. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society, 45 (4) : 296 - 347.