Differs from Paleotrema by having uniserial ambulacral plating towards the apex, and in having two, not three, gonopores. Palaeotropus thomsoni Agassiz, 1880, as pointed out by Mortensen (1950, p. 298-299) has biserial ambulacra aborally and traces of a peripetalous fasciole. He thought it possibly a Rhinobrissus; it is certainly not a Palaeotropus. Palaeotropus differs from Palaeobrissus in having only microscopic perforations for tube-feet aborally, and in having a row of primary tubercles bordering the frontal ambulacrum aborally.
Loven, S, 1872. Ofh. Svensk. Akad. Forh. 28, (for 1871) no. 8, p. 1085.
Loven, S. 1874. Etudes sur les Echinoides. Kongl. Svenska Vertenskaps-Akademiens Handlingar 11, 1-91 pls 1-53.
Mironov, A. N. 2006. Echinoids from seamounts of the north-eastern Atlantic; onshore/offshore gradients in species distribution. Pp. 96-133 in A. N. Mironov, A. V. Gebruk & A. J. Southward (eds) Biogeography of the North Atlantic Seamounts KMK Scientific Press, Russian Academy of Sciences, P.P. Shirshov Institute of Oceanology, Moscow.
Mortensen, T. 1950. A monograph of the Echinoidea. V. Spatangoida 1. C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.