The Echinoid Directory

Family Cidaridae Gray, 1825, p. 426


 Cidaroids with:

  • interambulacra with single large primary tubercle that is perforate and, in all but the most basal members, basically non-crenulate (traces of crenulation may be present on adapical side of aboral tubercles);
  • ambulacra simple throughout; tuberculation uniform;
  • primary interambulacral tubercles surrounded by a differentiated ring of scrobicular tubercles;
  • spines cylindrical to fusiform but never strongly clavate.
Upper Triassic to Recent, worldwide.
Species Included Contains three subfamilies: Cidarinae, Stereocidarinae and Goniocidarinae
Classification and/or Status Cidaroida, Cidaridea

Distinguished from miocidarids by having a fully rigid corona with vertically abutting sutures, and from Rhabdocidaridae by its simple ambulacral plating, with uniform tuberculation. Primary tubercles may retain weak crenulation, but the platform is never strongly crenulate as is the case in Rhabdocidaridae. Histocidaridae have strongly crenulate tuberculation in contrast to Cidaridae, and Polycidaridae have heterogeneous ambulacral tuberculation. Psychocidaridae have massive mamelons that are imperforate or bear just a small, rudimentary opening, and their spines are typically clavate. Ctenocidaridae differ in lacking clear scrobicular cicles around the areoles of primary tubercles. Although Plegiocidaris has distinctly crenulate tubercles throughout, it has almost competely uniform ambulacral tuberculation and its dense and uniform extrascrobicular tuberculation suggests affinties with Cidaridae. It is here tentatively treated as a stem group Cidaridae.

The following taxa are based on spines and indeterminate to genus: Palmerius Cutress, 1980; Romanocidaris Vadet, 1991; Clavicula Smith, 1817.

Gray, J. E. 1825. An Attempt to divide the Echinida, or Sea Eggs, into Natural Families. Annals of Philosophy, new series 10: 423-431.