Universal Chalcidoidea Database

Distribution references

Pnigalio minio Walker, 1847 has been recorded in the following countries:

Records 1 - 50 of 58
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Canada:
Burks, B.D. 1979, Torymidae (Agaoninae) and all other families of Chalcidoidea (excluding Encyrtidae). (In: Krombein, K.V.; Hurd, P.D. jr.; Smith, D.R.; Burks, B.D., Editors.) Catalog of Hymenoptera in America North of Mexico 1:968 Smithsonian Institute Press, Washington, D.C.    
Cossentine, J.E.; Jensen, L.B. 1992, Establishment of Phyllonorycter mesilella (Hübner) (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae) and its parasitoid, Pnigalio flavipes (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae), in fruit orchards in the Okanagan and Similkameen Valleys of British Columbia. Journal of the Entomological Society of British Columbia 89:18-24    
Keywords: Biological control
Cossentine, J.E.; Jensen, L.B. 1994, The role of two eulophid parasitoids in population of the leafminer, Phyllonorycter mespilella (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae) in British Columbia. Journal of the Entomological Society of British Columbia 91:47-54    
Hagley, E.A.C.; Barber, D.R. 1991, Mortality, fecundity and longevity of parasitoids of the spotted tentiform leafminer Phyllonorycter blancardella (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae) at constant temperatures in the laboratory. Entomophaga 36(3):409-415    
Herting, B. 1975, Lepidoptera, Part 1 (Microlepidoptera). A catalogue of parasites and predators of terrestrial arthropods. Section A. Host or Prey/Enemy. 6:16,34,40 Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux, Commonwealth Institute of Biological Control    
Herting, B. 1978, Neuroptera, Diptera, Siphonaptera. A catalogue of parasites and predators of terrestrial arthropods. Section A. Host or Prey/Enemy. 5:80 Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux, Commonwealth Institute of Biological Control    
Lindquist, O.H. 1962, A biological study of a new leaf miner on birch, Nepticula lindquisti Freeman (Lep.: Nepticulidae), in Ontario. Canadian Entomologist 94(5):524-530    
Lindquist, O.H. 1973, Notes on the biology of the oak leaf-mining sawfly, Profenusa lucifex (Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae), in Ontario. Canadian Entomologist 105(1):127-128    
McGregor, R. 1998, Evolution of life-history timing in a leafmining moth: phenotypic selection in patches with manipulated development time. Evolutionary Ecology 12(6):692-642    
Nystrom, K.L.; Evans, H.J. 1989, Biological notes on a birch leaf edgeminer, Sciolioneura betuleti (Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae), new to North America. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Ontario 120:17-24    
Peck, O. 1963, A catalogue of the Nearctic Chalcidoidea (Insecta; Hymenoptera). Canadian Entomologist (Supplement) 30:87    
Peck, O. 1963, A catalogue of the Nearctic Chalcidoidea (Insecta; Hymenoptera). Canadian Entomologist (Supplement) 30:89    
Petrice, T.R.; Haack, R.A.; Mattson, W.J.; Birr, B.A. 2000, Leucanthiza dircella (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae): a leafminer of leatherwood, Dirca palustris. Great Lakes Entomologist 33(3/4):195    
Caribbean (including West Indies):
Michaud, J.P. 2002, Three targets of classical biological control in the Caribbean: success, contribution, and failure. Proceedings of the 1st International Symposium on Biological Control of Arthropods, Honolulu, Hawaii, 14-18 January 2002 pp.335-342 (Ed: Driesche, R.G. van) United States Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Washington, USA     view Michaud, J.P.  (2002) in PDF format
Nearctic:
LaSalle, J.; Parrella, M.P. 1991, The chalcidoid parasites (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidae [sic]) of economically important Liriomyza species (Diptera, Agromyzidae) in north America. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 93:587    
Peck, O. 1963, A catalogue of the Nearctic Chalcidoidea (Insecta; Hymenoptera). Canadian Entomologist (Supplement) 30:87    
Peck, O. 1963, A catalogue of the Nearctic Chalcidoidea (Insecta; Hymenoptera). Canadian Entomologist (Supplement) 30:88    
Peck, O. 1963, A catalogue of the Nearctic Chalcidoidea (Insecta; Hymenoptera). Canadian Entomologist (Supplement) 30:89    
Peck, O. 1963, A catalogue of the Nearctic Chalcidoidea (Insecta; Hymenoptera). Canadian Entomologist (Supplement) 30:90    
Thompson, W.R. 1955, A catalogue of the parasites and predators of insect pests. Section 2. Host parasite catalogue, Part 3. Hosts of the Hymenoptera (Calliceratid to Evaniid). pp.298 Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux, The Commonwealth Institute of Biological Control, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada    
United States of America:
Ashmead, W.H. 1886, Studies on the North-American Chalcididae with descriptions of new species from Florida. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 13:133 (Parasitoid identification correct)     view Ashmead, W.H.  (1886) in PDF format
Ashmead, W.H. 1888, Descriptions of some unknown parasitic Hymenoptera in the collection of the Kansas State Agricultural College, received from Prof. E.A. Popenoe. Bulletin of Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station, Manhattan No 3(appendix):vi (Parasitoid identification correct)     view Ashmead, W.H.  (1888) in PDF format
Ashmead, W.H. 1888, Descriptions of some unknown parasitic Hymenoptera in the collection of the Kansas State Agricultural College, received from Prof. E.A. Popenoe. Bulletin of Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station, Manhattan No 3(appendix):vii (Parasitoid identification correct)     view Ashmead, W.H.  (1888) in PDF format
Ashmead, W.H. 1894, Descriptions of new parasitic Hymenoptera. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 21:340 (Parasitoid identification correct)     view Ashmead, W.H.  (1894) in PDF format
Barrett, B.A.; Brunner, J.F. 1988, Biological control of Phyllonorycter elmaella (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae) by Pnigalio flavipes (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) in Washington apple orchards. Advances in Parasitic Hymenoptera Research: Proceedings of the Second Conference on the Taxonomy and Biology of Parasitic Hymenoptera, Gainsville, November 1987. pp.459-468 (Ed: Gupta, V.K.) E.J. Brill, Leiden, Netherlands    
Keywords: Biological control
Barrett, B.A.; Brunner, J.F. 1989, Temporal distribution of Phyllonorycter elmaella (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae) and its major parasitoid, Pnigalio flavipes (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae), in Washington apple orchards. Environmental Entomology 19(2):362-369    
Barrett, B.A.; Brunner, J.F. 1990, Temporal distribution of Phyllonorycter elmaella (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae) and its major parasitoid Pnigalio flavipes (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) in Washington apple orchards. Environmental Entomology 19(2):362-369    
Barrett, B.A.; Brunner, J.F. 1990, Types of parasitoid-induced mortality: host stage preferences and sex ratios exhibited by Pnigalio flavipes (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) using Phyllonorycter elmaella (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae) as a host. Environmental Entomology 19(3):803-807    
Barrett, B.A.; Brunner, J.F.; Turner, W.J. 1988, Variations in color, size, and thoracic morphology of Pnigalio species (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) parasitizing Phyllonorycter elmaella (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae) in Utah and Washington. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 81(3):516-521 (Parasitoid identification needs confirmation)    
Barrett, B.A.; Jorgensen, C.D. 1986, Parasitoids of the western tentiform leafminer, Phyllonorycter elmaella (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae) in Utah apple orchards. Environmental Entomology 15(3):635-641    
Burks, B.D. 1979, Torymidae (Agaoninae) and all other families of Chalcidoidea (excluding Encyrtidae). (In: Krombein, K.V.; Hurd, P.D. jr.; Smith, D.R.; Burks, B.D., Editors.) Catalog of Hymenoptera in America North of Mexico 1:968 Smithsonian Institute Press, Washington, D.C.    
Crawford, J.C. 1911, Descriptions of new Hymenoptera. 2. Proceedings of the United States National Museum 40:448 (Parasitoid identification correct)     view Crawford, J.C.  (1911) in PDF format
Duncan, R.E.; Peña, J.E. 2000, Fecundity, host stage preferences and the effects of temperature on Pnigalio minio (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae), a parasitoid of Phyllocnistis citrella (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae). Proceedings of the Florida State Horticultural Society 113:20-24    
Fasoranti, J.O. 1984, The life history and habits of a Ceanothus leaf miner, Tischeria immaculata (Lepidoptera: Tischeriidae). Canadian Entomologist 116(11):1441-1448    
Fisher, G.T. 1970, Parasites and predators of the species of a saddled prominent complex at Groton, Vermont. Journal of Economic Entomology 63:1613-1614    
Gahan, A.B. 1913, New Hymenoptera from North America. Proceedings of the United States National Museum 46:440 (Parasitoid identification correct)     view Gahan, A.B.  (1913) in PDF format
Gates, M.W.; Heraty, J.M.; Schauff, M.E.; Wagner, D.L.; Whitfield, J.B.; Wahl, D.B. 2002, Survey of the parasitic Hymenoptera on leafminers in California. Journal of Hymenoptera Research 11(2):213-270     view Gates, M.W.; Heraty, J.M.; Schauff, M.E.; Wagner, D.L.; Whitfield, J.B.; Wahl, D.B. (2002) in PDF format
Girault, A.A. 1906, A new species of Eulophidae. Entomological News 17:305-307 (Parasitoid identification correct)     view Girault, A.A.  (1906) in PDF format
Girault, A.A. 1917, Descriptions Hymenopterorum chalcidoidicarum variorum cum observationibus III pp.10 Private publication, Glenndale, Maryland (Parasitoid identification correct)     view Girault, A.A.  (1917) in PDF format
Girault, A.A. 1917, Descriptiones stellarum novarum pp.7 Private publication (Parasitoid identification correct)     view Girault, A.A.  (1917) in PDF format
Gut, L.J.; Brunner, J.F. 1998, Pheromone-based management of codling moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) in Washington apple orchards. Journal of Agricultural Entomology 15(4):387-405    
Heyerdahl, R.H.; Dutcher, J.D. 1985, Hymenopterous parasitoids of pecan leafminers. Journal of Entomological Science 20(4):414,418    
LaSalle, J.; Peña, J.E. 1997, A new species of Galeopsomyia (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae: Tetrastichinae): a fortuitous parasitoid of the citrus leafminer, Phyllocnistis citrella. Florida Entomologist 80(4):462     view LaSalle, J.; Peña, J.E.  (1997) in PDF format
Maier, C.T. 1993, Inoculative release and establishment of Holcothorax testaceipes (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae), a Palaearctic agent for the biological control of Phyllonorycter spp. (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae) in Connecticut apple orchards. Journal of Economic Entomology 86(4):1069    
Michaud, J.P. 2002, Three targets of classical biological control in the Caribbean: success, contribution, and failure. Proceedings of the 1st International Symposium on Biological Control of Arthropods, Honolulu, Hawaii, 14-18 January 2002 pp.338 (Ed: Driesche, R.G. van) United States Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Washington, USA     view Michaud, J.P.  (2002) in PDF format
Oatman, E.R. 1985, Parasites associated with lepidopterous leaf miners on apple in northeastern Wisconsin. Journal of Economic Entomology 78(5):1065    
Peck, O. 1963, A catalogue of the Nearctic Chalcidoidea (Insecta; Hymenoptera). Canadian Entomologist (Supplement) 30:86    
Peck, O. 1963, A catalogue of the Nearctic Chalcidoidea (Insecta; Hymenoptera). Canadian Entomologist (Supplement) 30:87    
Peck, O. 1963, A catalogue of the Nearctic Chalcidoidea (Insecta; Hymenoptera). Canadian Entomologist (Supplement) 30:88    
Peck, O. 1963, A catalogue of the Nearctic Chalcidoidea (Insecta; Hymenoptera). Canadian Entomologist (Supplement) 30:89    
Records 1 - 50 of 58
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