Universal Chalcidoidea Database

Distribution references

Pnigalio Schrank, 1802 has been recorded in the following countries:

Records 51 - 86 of 86
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Japan:
Nishino, S.; Uchida, Y. 1999, Occurrence of parasitic wasps of Liriomyza trifolii (Burgess) and influence on the harvested amount of crops of the eggplant. Bulletin of the Nara Agricultural Experiment Station 30:11-16    
Okazaki, K. 1977, Parasitic wasps of rice leaf miner, Agromyza oryzae Munakata. 3. Population dynamics and parasitic rates of the chalcid flies, (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) bred from the larvae of rice leaf miner (Diptera: Agromyzidae). Annual Report of the Society of Plant Protection, North Japan 28:10-16    
Sato, H. 1995, Comparison of community composition of parasitoids that attack leaf-mining moths. Environmental Entomology 24(4):879-888    
Sunose, T. 1984, Parasitoid complex of the euonymous gall midge Masakimyia pustulae (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) in Japan. Kontyû 52(4):557-564    
Togashi, I. 1974, Studies on the pests of Phyllostachys heterocyla (Carr.) Mitf. (Gramineae: Graminaeae). I. Life history of Cosmopteryx phyllostachysae Kuroko (Lepidoptera: Cosmopterygidae) and records of its natural enemies. Applied Entomology and Zoology 9(2):101-103    
Libya:
Elbakkoush, F.; Shebli, S.; Kafu, A.A. 2001, First record of a leaf miner (Phyllocnistis citrella) on citrus and survey of natural enemies in Libya. Abstracts of papers. International symposium: Parasitic Hymenoptera: taxonomy and biological control. 14-17 May, 2001, Köszeg, Hungary. pp.28 (Eds: Thuróczy, C.; Eke, I.; Káldy, J.; Melika, G.) Systematic parasitoid laboratory, Köszeg, Hungary     view Elbakkoush, F.; Shebli, S.; Kafu, A.A.  (2001) in PDF format
Morocco:
Abbassi, M.; Harchaoui, L.; Rizqi, A.; Nadori, E.B.; Nia, M. 1999, Biological control against the citrus leafminer Phyllocnistis citrella Stainton (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae). Proceedings of the fifth international conference on pests in agriculture, part 3, Montpellier, France, 7-9 December, 1999 pp.609-615    
Rizqi, A.; Nia, M.; Abbassi, M.; Rochd, A. 2003, Establishment of exotic parasites of citrus leafminer, Phyllocnistis citrella, in citrus groves in Morocco. Bulletin. Section Regionale Ouest Palaearctique, Organisation Internationale de Lutte Biologique. 26(6):1-6    
Smaili, C.; Afellah, M.; Aarab, A.; Zrida, L. 1999, Biology and ecology of Phyllocnistis citrella (Lep.: Gracillariidae) and initiation of biological control on clementines in the Gharb region. Mededelingen Faculteit Landbouwkundige en Toegepaste Biologische Wetenschappen Universiteit Gent 64(3a)_:121-131    
Madeira:
Koponen, M.; Askew, R.R. 2002, Chalcids from Madeira, Canary Islands and Azores (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea). Vieraea (Folia Scientarum Biologicarum Canariensum) 30:138 [ Three species of Pnigalio Schrank recorded from Madeira, one cited as near soemius (Walker), the other as near longulus| (Zetterstedt). ]    
Mexico:
LaSalle, J.; Peña, J.E. 1997, A new species of Galeopsomyia (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae: Tetrastichinae): a fortuitous parasitoid of the citrus leafminer, Phyllocnistis citrella. Florida Entomologist 80(4):462     view LaSalle, J.; Peña, J.E.  (1997) in PDF format
Lomeli-Flores, J.R.; Barrera, J.F.; Bernal, J.S. 2009, Impact of natural enemies on coffee leafminer Leucoptera coffeella (Lepidoptera: Lyonetiidae) population dynamics in Chiapas, Mexico. Biological Control 51(1):54    
New Zealand:
Herting, B. 1975, Lepidoptera, Part 1 (Microlepidoptera). A catalogue of parasites and predators of terrestrial arthropods. Section A. Host or Prey/Enemy. 6:31 Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux, Commonwealth Institute of Biological Control    
Peru:
Amaya, Q.J. 1963, A study of Donacivola saccharella Busck, a miner of the leaves of sugar-cane. Revista de la Facultad de Ciencias Biologicas, Universidad Nacional de Trujillo 1(1):62-80    
Portugal:
Naves, P.; Cavaco, M.; Quartau, J.; Goncalves, M. 1999, Study of Phyllocnistis citrella Stainton, 1856 (Lepidoptera: Phyllocnistidae) in a lemon orchard in the region of Mafra, Portugal. Boletín de Sanidad Vegetal Plagas 25(1):79-87    
Russia:
Sulkhanov, A.V. 1990, Species composition and spatial distribution of Lithocolletis populifoliella Tr. parasites. Biologicheskie Nauki, Moscow 1990(7):33-40    
Tunisia:
Dhouibi, M.H.; Wadoud, A. 1997, Biology and field evaluation of several insecticides and petroleum spray oils for the control of citrus leafminer Phyllocnistis citrella Stainton (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae) in Tunisia. International conference on pests in agriculture, 6-8 January 1997, at le Corum, Montpellier, France 3:1149-1157    
Jerraya, A.; Boulahia, S.K.; Jrad, F.; Fezzani, M. 1997, Control of citrus leafminer: effect of acetamiprid, a new insecticide. Phytoma 50(499):46-50    
Turkey:
Doganlar, M. 2014, First reports on the natural enemy fauna of the chestnut gall wasp, Dryocosmus kuriphilus Yasumatsu (Hymenoptera: Cynipidae) in Yalova, Turkey. Turkiye Biyolojik Mucadele Dergisi 5(1):70,71 [ Sp ]     view Doganlar, M.  (2014) in PDF format
Uygun, N.; Elekcioglu, N.Z.; Erkilic, L.; Karaca, I.; Kersting, U.; Vacante, V. 1997, Studies on biological control of Phyllocnistis citrella Stainton (Lep., Gracillariidae) in Turkey. Bulletin. Section Regionale Ouest Palaearctique, Organisation Internationale de Lutte Biologique. 20(7):96-101    
United States of America:
Barrett, B.A.; Brunner, J.F.; Turner, W.J. 1988, Variations in color, size, and thoracic morphology of Pnigalio species (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) parasitizing Phyllonorycter elmaella (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae) in Utah and Washington. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 81(3):516-521    
Chambers, G.C.; Kouskolekas, C.A. 1985, Population trends and principle parasitoids of the vegetable leafminer, Liriomyza sativae, on tomatoes in Alabama. Journal of Entomological Science 20(4):458    
Gates, M.W.; Heraty, J.M.; Schauff, M.E.; Wagner, D.L.; Whitfield, J.B.; Wahl, D.B. 2002, Survey of the parasitic Hymenoptera on leafminers in California. Journal of Hymenoptera Research 11(2):213-270     view Gates, M.W.; Heraty, J.M.; Schauff, M.E.; Wagner, D.L.; Whitfield, J.B.; Wahl, D.B. (2002) in PDF format
Goeden, R.D.; Headrick, D.H. 1991, Life history and descriptions of immature stages of Tephritis baccharis Coquillett on Baccharis salicifolia (Ruiz and Pavon) Persoon in southern California, USA (Diptera: Tephritidae). Pan-Pacific Entomologist 67(2):86-98    
Herting, B. 1978, Neuroptera, Diptera, Siphonaptera. A catalogue of parasites and predators of terrestrial arthropods. Section A. Host or Prey/Enemy. 5:76-77 Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux, Commonwealth Institute of Biological Control    
Heyerdahl, R.H.; Dutcher, J.D. 1985, Hymenopterous parasitoids of pecan leafminers. Journal of Entomological Science 20(4):413-418 [ Two unidentified species of Pnigalio noted. ]    
LaSalle, J.; Peña, J.E. 1997, A new species of Galeopsomyia (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae: Tetrastichinae): a fortuitous parasitoid of the citrus leafminer, Phyllocnistis citrella. Florida Entomologist 80(4):462     view LaSalle, J.; Peña, J.E.  (1997) in PDF format
Legaspi, J.C.; French, J.V.; Schauff, M.E.; Woolley, J.B. 1999, The citrus leafminer Phyllocnistis citrella (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae) in south Texas: incidence and parasitism. Florida Entomologist 82(2):305-316     view Legaspi, J.C.; French, J.V.; Schauff, M.E.; Woolley, J.B. (1999) in PDF format
Oatman, E.R. 1985, Parasites associated with lepidopterous leaf miners on apple in northeastern Wisconsin. Journal of Economic Entomology 78(5):1065    
Petrice, T.R.; Haack, R.A.; Mattson, W.J.; Birr, B.A. 2000, Leucanthiza dircella (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae): a leafminer of leatherwood, Dirca palustris. Great Lakes Entomologist 33(3/4):195    
Stegmaier, C.E. jr 1967, Host plants of Liriomyza brassicae, with records of their parasites from South Florida (Diptera: Agromyzidae). Florida Entomologist 50(4):197-207     view Stegmaier, C.E. jr  (1967) in PDF format
Thompson, W.R. 1955, A catalogue of the parasites and predators of insect pests. Section 2. Host parasite catalogue, Part 3. Hosts of the Hymenoptera (Calliceratid to Evaniid). pp.296 Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux, The Commonwealth Institute of Biological Control, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada    
Turnbow, R.H. jr; Franklin, R.T. 1981, Bionomics of Brachys tessellatus in coastal plain (USA) scrub oak (Quercus laevis) communities. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 74(4):357    
Yemen:
Yefremova, Z.A. 2007, The subfamilies Eulophinae, Euderinae and Entedoninae (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) in Yemen. Fauna of Arabia 23:356 [ Three unidentified species of Pnigalio Schrank recorded from Yemen, two near soemius Walker. ]    
Yugoslavia (pre 1991):
Fry, J.M. 1989, Natural enemy databank, 1987. A catalogue of natural enemies of arthropods derived from records in the CIBC Natural Enemy Databank. pp.89,90,98,99 CAB International, Wallingford, Oxford, UK    
Herting, B. 1975, Lepidoptera, Part 1 (Microlepidoptera). A catalogue of parasites and predators of terrestrial arthropods. Section A. Host or Prey/Enemy. 6:32-33 Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux, Commonwealth Institute of Biological Control    
Records 51 - 86 of 86
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