Universal Chalcidoidea Database

Distribution references

Encarsia Foerster, 1878 has been recorded in the following countries:

Records 251 - 274 of 274
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United States of America:
McAuslane, H.J.; Johnson, F.A.; Knauft, O.A. 1994, Population levels and parasitism of Bemeisia tabaci (Gennadius) (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) on peanut cultivars. Environmental Entomology 23(5):1202-1210    
McClain, D.C.; Rock, G.C.; Woolley, J.B. 1990, Influence of trap color and San Jose scale (Homoptera: Diaspididae) pheromone on sticky trap catches of 10 aphelinid parasitoids (Hymenoptera). Environmental Entomology 19(4):926-931    
Muma, M.H.; Clancy, D.W. 1961, Parasitism of purple scale in Florida citrus groves. Florida Entomologist 44:159-165     view Muma, M.H.; Clancy, D.W.  (1961) in PDF format
Naaranjo, S.E.; Jones, W.A. 2000, Conservation and evaluation of natural enemies in IPM systems. (Abstract 0102) Abstracts, XXI International Congress of Entomology, Brazil, August 20-26, 2000 1:27    
Nguyen, R.; Bennett, F.D. 1995, Importation and field release of parasites against silverleaf whitefly, Bemisia argentifolii (Bellows and Perring) in Florida from 1990-1994. Proceedings of the Florida State Horticultural Society No 108:43-47 [ Two unidentified species of Encarsia from Guatemala and India released in Florida for control of Bemisia tabaci and established. ]    
Keywords: Biological control
Nguyen, R.; Hamon, A. 2002, Giant whitefly, Aleurodicus dugesii Cockerell, and its biological control in Florida. Proceedings of the 1st International Symposium on Biological Control of Arthropods, Honolulu, Hawaii, 14-18 January 2002 pp.499 (Ed: Driesche, R.G. van) United States Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Washington, USA     view Nguyen, R.; Hamon, A.  (2002) in PDF format
Polaszek, A.; Stouthamer, R.; Hunter, M.S.; Rose, M.; Ovruski, s.M.; Frias, E.; Rojas, S.P. 1995, Heterotrophic parasitoids revisited: preliminary observations on Encarsia porteri (Mercet) (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae). Colloques de l'INRA 73:31    
Riley, D.G.; Ciomperlik, M.A. 1997, Regional population dynamics of whitefly (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) and associated parasitoids (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae). Environmental Entomology 26(5):1049-1055 [ Parasitoid cited as Encarsia near strenua. ]    
Thompson, W.R. 1953, A catalogue of the parasites and predators of insect pests. Section 2. Host parasite catalogue. Part 2. Hosts of the Hymenoptera (Agaonidae to Braconidae). pp.23 Commonwealth Institute of Biological Control, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada    
Wright, J.E. 1996, Naturalis. A biopesticide (Beauveria bassiana JW-1) for control of economic insects in field crops, vegetables, ornamentals, and greenhouses with emphasis on control of Bemisia|. (Abstract 21-093) Proceedings XX International Congress of Entomology, Firenze, Italy, August 25-31, 1996 pp.698     view Wright, J.E.  (1996) in PDF format
Uzbekistan:
Kadyrov, A.K.; Kimsanbaev, K.K.; Kuchkorov, D.K. 1994, Residual toxicity of pesticides for Encarsia. Zashchita Rasteniy, Moskva 1994(7):10-11    
Keywords: Biological control
Venezuela:
Salas, J. 1995, Sticky traps for the capture of Bemisia tabaci and its parasitoids Encarsia and Eretmocerus. Manejo Integrado de Plagas No 37:39-42    
West Africa:
Alam, M.S. 1989, Whitefly (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) - a potential pest of rice in West Africa. International Rice Research Newsletter 14(3):38-39    
South Africa:
Argov, Y.; Rössler, Y. 1988, Introduction of beneficial insects into Israel for the control of insect pests. Phytoparasitica 16:310    
Berg, M.A. van den; Greenland, J. 1996, First establishment of Encarsia cf. smithi (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae), a parasitoid of the spiny blackfly, Aleurocanthus spiniferus (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae), in southern Africa. African Plant Protection 2(2):127-129    
Keywords: Biological control
Berg, M.A. van den; Greenland, J. 1997, Classical biological control of Aleurocanthus spiniferus (Hem.: Aleyrodidae), on citrus in southern Africa. Entomophaga 42(4):459-465 [ Parasitoid cited as Encarsia cf. smithi. ]    
Berg, M.A. van den; Greenland, J. 1999, Rearing and releasing methods for Encarsia cf. smithi (Hym.: Aphelinidae), used in a classical biological programme for the spiny blackfly, Aleurocanthus spiniferus (Hem.: Aleyrodidae). Neltropika Bulletin No 303:56-58 [ Parasitoid cited as Encarsia cf. smithi. ]    
Berg, M.A. van den; Höppner, G.; Greenland, J. 2000, Classical biological control of the spiny blackfly, Aleurocanthus spiniferus (Hem.: Aleyrodidae), an economic study. (Abstract 1684) Abstracts, XXI International Congress of Entomology, Brazil, August 20-26, 2000 1:424 [ Parasitoid cited as Encarsia sp.cf. smithi. ]    
Keywords: Biological control
Crause, C. 1990, The white peach scale, Pseudaulacaspis pentagona (Targioni-Tozetti) (Homoptera: Diaspididae), a pest of economic importance on granadilla. Acta Horticulturae, Wageningen 275(1):655-662    
Fry, J.M. 1989, Natural enemy databank, 1987. A catalogue of natural enemies of arthropods derived from records in the CIBC Natural Enemy Databank. pp.60 CAB International, Wallingford, Oxford, UK    
Prinsloo, G.L. 1984, An illustrated guide to the parasitic wasps associated with citrus pests in the Republic of South Africa. Science Bulletin, Department of Agriculture, Republic of South Africa 402:30,39    
Schoeman, A.S. 1987, First record of a parasitoid of the mango scale, Aulacaspis tubercularis Newstead. Journal of the Entomological Society of Southern Africa 50(1):259    
Zimbabwe:
McDaniel, J.R. 1970, Pernicious scale. Rhodesia Agricultural Journal 67(1):15-17    
Thompson, W.R. 1953, A catalogue of the parasites and predators of insect pests. Section 2. Host parasite catalogue. Part 2. Hosts of the Hymenoptera (Agaonidae to Braconidae). pp.23 Commonwealth Institute of Biological Control, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada    
Records 251 - 274 of 274
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