Universal Chalcidoidea Database

Distribution references

Encarsia Foerster, 1878 has been recorded in the following countries:

Records 1 - 50 of 274
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Afrotropical:
Viggiani, G. 1982, New species and host records of African aphelinids (Researches on Hymenoptera Chalcidoidea LXX). Journal of the Entomological Society of Southern Africa 45:32    
Argentina:
Frias, E.A.; Ovruski, S.M.; Popich, S.B. 1994, Egg parasitoids of noctuids found on soyabean crops and their evaluation as control agents. Revista de Investigación, Centro de Investigaciones para la Regulación de Poblaciones de Organismos Nocivos, Argentina 9(1-4):29-35    
Helman, S.; Peterlin, O.; Contreras, M. 1996, Parasitoids of Bemisia in Santiago del Estero cotton, northwest Argentina. Bemisia 1995: taxonomy, biology, damage, control and management pp.527-529 (Eds: Gerling, D.; Mayer, R.T.) Intercept Ltd, Andover    
Herting, B. 1972, Homoptera. A catalogue of parasites and predators of terrestrial arthropods. Section A. Host or Prey/Enemy. 2:104-105 Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux, Slough, England    
Herting, B. 1972, Homoptera. A catalogue of parasites and predators of terrestrial arthropods. Section A. Host or Prey/Enemy. 2:179 Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux, Slough, England    
Viscarret, M.M.; Botto, E.N.; Polaszek, A. 2000, Whiteflies (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) of economic importance and their natural enemies (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae, Signiphoridae) in Argentina. Revista Chilena de Entomología 26:5-11 [ At least two unidentified species of Encarsia recorded, one belongingto pergandiella group. ]    
Australasian:
Bhuiya, B.A.; Chowdhury, S.H.; Kabir, S.M.H. 1997, An annotated list of chalcidoid parasitoids (Hymenoptera) of Coccoidea (Homoptera) on guava in Bangladesh. Bangladesh Journal of Zoology 25(1):60    
Australia:
Carver, M.; Reid, I.A. 1996, Aleyrodidae (Hemiptera: Sternorrhyncha) of Australia. Systematic catalogue, host plant spectra, distribution, natural enemies and biological control. Technical Paper, CSIRO Australia Division of Entomology 37:11    
Carver, M.; Reid, I.A. 1996, Aleyrodidae (Hemiptera: Sternorrhyncha) of Australia. Systematic catalogue, host plant spectra, distribution, natural enemies and biological control. Technical Paper, CSIRO Australia Division of Entomology 37:7,23,28,30 [ Several species of genus cited including Encarsia ?haitiensis Dozier|. ]    
Keywords: Biological control
Franzann, B.; Lea, D.; Parro, P. de 1998, Silverleaf whitefly on the march. Australian Cottongrower 19(4):18-19    
Fry, J.M. 1989, Natural enemy databank, 1987. A catalogue of natural enemies of arthropods derived from records in the CIBC Natural Enemy Databank. pp.66 CAB International, Wallingford, Oxford, UK    
Herting, B. 1972, Homoptera. A catalogue of parasites and predators of terrestrial arthropods. Section A. Host or Prey/Enemy. 2:191 Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux, Slough, England    
Ironside, D.A. 1978, The macadamia felted coccid. Queensland Agricultural Journal 104(5):xxv-xxviii    
Murray, D.A.H. 1982, Pineapple scale (Diaspis bromeliae (Kerner)) distribution and seasonal history. Queensland Journal of Agricultural and Animal Science 39(2):125-130    
Benin:
Neuenschwander, P. 1994, Spiralling whitefly, Aleurodicus dipersus, a recent invader and new cassava pest. African Crop Science Journal 2(4):419-421    
Ramani, S.; Poorani, J.; Bhumannavar, B.S. 2002, Spiralling whitefly, Aleurodicus dispersus, in India. Biocontrol News and Information 23(2):56N [ Parasitoid, referred to as Encarsia near meritoria, introduced with host Aleurodiscus dispersus. ]    
Burkina Faso:
Otoidobiga, L.C.; Vincent, C.; Stewart, R.K. 2003, Susceptibility of field populations of adult Bemisis tabaci Gennadius (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) and Eretmocerus sp. (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae) to cotton insecticides in Burkina Faso (West Africa). Pest Management Science 59(1):97-106    
Otoidobiga, L.C.; Vincent, C.; Stewart, R.K. 2004, Relative abundance of Bemisia tabaci Gennadius (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) and its parasitoids, and the impact of augmentative release of Eretmocerus spp. (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae) on the population dynamics of the pest in Burkina Faso (West Africa). International Journal of Pest Management 50(1):11-16    
Bangladesh:
Bhuiya, B.A.; Chowdhury, S.H.; Kabir, S.M.H. 1997, An annotated list of chalcidoid parasitoids (Hymenoptera) of Coccoidea (Homoptera) on guava in Bangladesh. Bangladesh Journal of Zoology 25(1):60    
Bulgaria:
Khristova, E. 1969, The biological method for the control of the greenhouse whitefly. Rastitelna Zashchita 17(6):17-19    
Keywords: Greenhouse
Natskova, V. 1976, New trends in Trialeurodes vaporiorum control in greenhouses. B''lgarski Plodove, Zekenchutsi i Konservi 1976(1):23-25    
Keywords: Greenhouse
Nikolova, V.; Natskova, V. 1965, The hazel whitefly Asterobemisia avellanae (Signoret, 1868) (Homopt., Aleyrodinea) - a new host of oil-bearing rose. Rasteniev'dni Nauki 2(5):129-139    
Bermuda:
Herting, B. 1972, Homoptera. A catalogue of parasites and predators of terrestrial arthropods. Section A. Host or Prey/Enemy. 2:168 Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux, Slough, England    
Brazil:
Goolsby, J.; Legaspi, J.C.; Legaspi. B.C. jr 1996, Quarantine evaluation of exotic parasitoids of the sweetpotato whitefly, Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius). Southwestern Entomologist 21(1):13-21 [ Parasitoid cited as Encarsia near pergandiella. ]    
Goolsby, J.A.; Ciomperlik, M.A.; Kirk, A.A.; Jones, W.A.; Legaspi, B.C. jr; Ruiz, R.A.; Vacek, D.C.; Wendel, L.E. 2000, Predictive and empirical evaluation for parasitoids of Bemisia tabaci (Biotype 'B'), based on morphological and molecular systematics. Hymenoptera evolution, biodiversity and biological control pp.347-353,356 (Eds: Austin, A.D.; Dowton, M.) CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood, Australia [ Two species of parasitoid noted: Encarsia near pergandiella and E. near hispida. ]    
Keywords: Biological control
Herting, B. 1972, Homoptera. A catalogue of parasites and predators of terrestrial arthropods. Section A. Host or Prey/Enemy. 2:104 Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux, Slough, England [ Parasitoid cited as Encarsia near gallardoi Mor. ]    
Hoelmer, K.; Goolsby, J. 2002, Release, establishment and monitoring of Bemisia tabaci natural enemies in the United States. Proceedings of the 1st International Symposium on Biological Control of Arthropods, Honolulu, Hawaii, 14-18 January 2002 pp.59 (Ed: Driesche, R.G. van) United States Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Washington, USA [ Two species of parasitoid noted: Encarsia near pergandiella and E. near hispida. ]     view Hoelmer, K.; Goolsby, J.  (2002) in PDF format
Liu, T.X.; Stansly, P.A. 1996, Oviposition, development, and survivorship of Encarsia pergandiella (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae) in four instars of Bemisia argentifolii (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 89(1):385-390 [ Parasitoid cited as Encarsia near pergandiella. ]    
Quintela, E.D.; Sanchez, S.E.M.; Yokoyama, M. 1992, Parasitism of Encarsia sp. (Hymenoptera; Aphelinidae) on Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius, 1889) (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae). Anais da Sociedade Entomológica do Brasil 21(3):471-475    
Barbados:
Bhuiya, B.A.; Chowdhury, S.H.; Kabir, S.M.H. 1997, An annotated list of chalcidoid parasitoids (Hymenoptera) of Coccoidea (Homoptera) on guava in Bangladesh. Bangladesh Journal of Zoology 25(1):60    
Thompson, W.R. 1953, A catalogue of the parasites and predators of insect pests. Section 2. Host parasite catalogue. Part 2. Hosts of the Hymenoptera (Agaonidae to Braconidae). pp.18 Commonwealth Institute of Biological Control, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada    
Switzerland:
Herting, B. 1972, Homoptera. A catalogue of parasites and predators of terrestrial arthropods. Section A. Host or Prey/Enemy. 2:183 Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux, Slough, England [ Parasitoid cited as Prospaltella near aurantii Howard. ]    
Hipper, C.; Schwaller, F.; Mani, E.; Kozár, F. 1995, Control of native oyster scale insects. Obst- und Weinbau 131(4):84-85    
Chile:
Bueno, V.H.P.; Lenteren, J.C. van 2002, The popularity of augmentative biological control in Latin America: history and state of affairs. Proceedings of the 1st International Symposium on Biological Control of Arthropods, Honolulu, Hawaii, 14-18 January 2002 pp.181 (Ed: Driesche, R.G. van) United States Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Washington, USA     view Bueno, V.H.P.; Lenteren, J.C. van  (2002) in PDF format
Keywords: Biological control
Peoples' Republic of China:
Chen, B.X.; Huang, H.J.; Lin, J.M.; Cai, M.D.; 1999, Studies on the bionomics and control of citrus spiny whitefly. Acta Phytophylacica Sinica 26(4):338-342    
Chiu, S.F.; Liu, X.Q., Huang, Z.X.; Chen, W.K.; Wei, X.K.; Wen, F.Y. 1993, The chemical control of the pine armoured scale Hemiberlesia pityoshila Takagi. Acta Entomologica Sinica 36(2):177-184    
Driesche, R.G. van; Idoine, K.; Rose, M.; Bryan, M. 1998, Release, establishment and spread of Asian natural enemies of euonymus scale (Homoptera: Diaspididae) in New England. Florida Entomologist 81(1):1-9     view Driesche, R.G. van; Idoine, K.; Rose, M.; Bryan, M.  (1998) in PDF format
Herting, B. 1972, Homoptera. A catalogue of parasites and predators of terrestrial arthropods. Section A. Host or Prey/Enemy. 2:111,132,189-190 Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux, Slough, England    
Herting, B. 1972, Homoptera. A catalogue of parasites and predators of terrestrial arthropods. Section A. Host or Prey/Enemy. 2:162-163,186 Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux, Slough, England [ Parasitoid cited as Aspidiotiphagus near citrinus Craw. ]    
Shi, G.L.; Liu, X.Q.; Li, J.; Li, L.C.; Yang, F.D. 1997, Study on the bionomics of Quadraspidiotus perniciosus and its infestation pattern. Scientia Silvae Sinicae (Linye Kexue) 33(2):161-167    
Thompson, W.R. 1953, A catalogue of the parasites and predators of insect pests. Section 2. Host parasite catalogue. Part 2. Hosts of the Hymenoptera (Agaonidae to Braconidae). pp.7 Commonwealth Institute of Biological Control, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada    
Xiao, Hui; Huang, D.W.; Zhang, G.Y. 2001, A survey on parasitic chalcidoids (Hymenoptera) in Jilin. Entomological Knowledge 38(3):204    
Canary Islands:
Nijhof, B.W.; Oudman, L.; Torres, R.; Garrido, C. 2000, The introduction of Encarsia guadeloupae (Hymenoptera, Aphelinidae) for control of Aleurodicus dispersus and Lecanoideus floccissimus (Homoptera, Aleyrodidae) in Tenerife. Proceedings of the Section Experimental and Applied Entomology of the Netherlands Entomological Society 11:41-47    
Caribbean (including West Indies):
Sauvion, N.; Pavis, C.; Huc, A.; Rousseau, M.; Delvare, G.; Morales, F.J.; Boissot, N. 2000, Bemisia tabaci Biotype B (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) and its parasitoids: Guadeloupe island as a representative site of the Caribbean. (Abstract 1649) Abstracts, XXI International Congress of Entomology, Brazil, August 20-26, 2000 1:416 [ Two parasitoid species noted, one cited as Encarsia near hispida and other as Encarsia near basicincta. ]    
Costa Rica:
Blanco Metzler, H.; Laprade, S. 1998, Natural enemies of the spiralling whitefly, Aleurodicus dispersus Russell (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae): parasitoids and predators. Agronomia Mesoamericana 9(2):41-44    
Cuba:
Fernández, M. 1987, Morphology of Aspidiotiphagus sp. (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae). Revista de Protección Vegetal 2(2):134-139    
Gonzalez, C.; Hernandez, D.; Sibat, R.; Rodriguez, J.L. 1991, Las cochenillas de los citricos y sus enemigos naturales en Cuba. Colloques de l'INRA 59:433-441    
Hernández, M.; Ceballos, M. 1987, Nuevos hospedantes para biorreguladores de cóccidos en cítricos. Revista de Protección Vegetal 2(2):178-182    
Thompson, W.R. 1953, A catalogue of the parasites and predators of insect pests. Section 2. Host parasite catalogue. Part 2. Hosts of the Hymenoptera (Agaonidae to Braconidae). pp.18 Commonwealth Institute of Biological Control, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada    
Germany:
Vogel, W. 1965, Biological control of pests on a commercial basis. 35. Deutsche Pflkanzenschutz-Tagung der Biologischen Bundesanstalt für Land- und Forstwirtschaft in Wiesbaden, 12-16 Oktober 1964. pp.49-51    
Records 1 - 50 of 274
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