Universal Chalcidoidea Database

Distribution references

Records of Pnigalio minio Walker, 1847 in United States of America-Washington:

Records 1 - 9 of 9
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Barrett, B.A.; Brunner, J.F. 1988, Biological control of Phyllonorycter elmaella (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae) by Pnigalio flavipes (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) in Washington apple orchards. Advances in Parasitic Hymenoptera Research: Proceedings of the Second Conference on the Taxonomy and Biology of Parasitic Hymenoptera, Gainsville, November 1987. pp.459-468 (Ed: Gupta, V.K.) E.J. Brill, Leiden, Netherlands    
Keywords: Biological control
Barrett, B.A.; Brunner, J.F. 1989, Temporal distribution of Phyllonorycter elmaella (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae) and its major parasitoid, Pnigalio flavipes (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae), in Washington apple orchards. Environmental Entomology 19(2):362-369    
Barrett, B.A.; Brunner, J.F. 1990, Temporal distribution of Phyllonorycter elmaella (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae) and its major parasitoid Pnigalio flavipes (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) in Washington apple orchards. Environmental Entomology 19(2):362-369    
Barrett, B.A.; Brunner, J.F. 1990, Types of parasitoid-induced mortality: host stage preferences and sex ratios exhibited by Pnigalio flavipes (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) using Phyllonorycter elmaella (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae) as a host. Environmental Entomology 19(3):803-807    
Barrett, B.A.; Brunner, J.F.; Turner, W.J. 1988, Variations in color, size, and thoracic morphology of Pnigalio species (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) parasitizing Phyllonorycter elmaella (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae) in Utah and Washington. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 81(3):516-521 (Parasitoid identification needs confirmation)    
Burks, B.D. 1979, Torymidae (Agaoninae) and all other families of Chalcidoidea (excluding Encyrtidae). (In: Krombein, K.V.; Hurd, P.D. jr.; Smith, D.R.; Burks, B.D., Editors.) Catalog of Hymenoptera in America North of Mexico 1:968 Smithsonian Institute Press, Washington, D.C.    
Fasoranti, J.O. 1984, The life history and habits of a Ceanothus leaf miner, Tischeria immaculata (Lepidoptera: Tischeriidae). Canadian Entomologist 116(11):1441-1448    
Gut, L.J.; Brunner, J.F. 1998, Pheromone-based management of codling moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) in Washington apple orchards. Journal of Agricultural Entomology 15(4):387-405    
Ridgway, N.M.; Mahr, D.L. 1985, Natural enemies of the spotted tentiform leafminer, Phyllonorycter blancardella (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae), in sprayed and unsprayed apple orchards in Wisconsin. Environmental Entomology 14(4):459-463