Butterflies and Moths of the World Generic Names and their Type-species

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Albulina Tutt, 1909 . Nat. Hist. Br. Butts 3(6) : 154.

Available Name

Homonyms: 1

Higher classification:

Papilio pheretes Hübner, 1806. Samml. eur. Schmett. : 45.    [BHLBHL]

Type-species designation:
by original designation .

Type specimens:
See BHL scanned Type-species page: .

Hemming (1967) stated:-

The name Papilio pheretes Hübner is invalid as a junior homonym of Papilio pheretes Hoffmansegg, 1804 (Mag. f. Insektenk. (Illiger) 3 : 187). Further, these names are objective synonyms, since each is base on Papilio atys Hübner, [1803-1804] (Samml. europ. Schmett. : pl. Pap. 97, figs 495, 496).

The discovery by Verity in 1926 (Ent. Rec. 38 : 105) that the nominal species Papilio orbitulus Prunner, 1798 (Lepid. pedement. : 75) had hitherto been misinterpreted had a disturbing effect on the nomenclature of this genus. First, it was now necessary to transfer to the species always known by the name pheretes Hübner (or Hoffmannsegg) the specific name orbitulus Prunner, which for many decades also had been firmly attached to an entirely different species then - and now - regarded as belonging to a different genus. Second, this discovery affected also the application of the generic name Agriades Hübner. Hitherto the species till then known by the specific name orbitulus had been regarded as the type-species of that genus ; the discovery that the name orbitulus Prunner applied not to that species but to the species till then known by the name pheretes had the effect of reducing the generic name Albulina Tutt to the status of a junior subjective synonym of Agriades Hübner. The transfer of the name Agriades Hübner would have led to great confusion. The situation so created has been explained in detail in the note on the name Agriades. The objectionable transfer of that name was prevented by the Commission using its Plenary Powers to designate Papilio glandon Prunner, 1798 (now found to be the oldest available name applicable to the species previously incorrectly known by the name orbitulus Prunner) to be the type-species of Agriades Hübner.

The action described above had the effect of leaving the name Albulina Tutt the oldest available name for the genus having Papilio pheretes as type-species. Unfortunately, however, no action was judged to be practicable to prevent the confusing transfer of the specific name orbitulus Prunner, it being considered at the time when this matter came before the Commission that the painful process of transfer had already reached a point where the best course would be to allow the change to be completed unchecked. Accordingly, the specific name pheretes Hübner, the specific name of the type-species of Albulina, remains a junior subjective synonym of the specific name orbitulus Prunner.

The name Albulina Tutt was published as a new name twice in the year 1909. The first of these occassions was in part 6 of volume 3 of Tutt's Nat. Hist. Brit. Butts, which appeared in April of that year ; the second was in Part 5 (: 106) of volume 21 of the Ent. Rec., which appeared in May.

The higher classification used here follows Lamas (2008).

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