Butterflies and Moths of the World Generic Names and their Type-species

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Agrias Doubleday, 1845 . List Spec. lepid. Insects Colln Br. Mus. (1) : 106.    [BHLBHL]

Available Name

Homonyms: 2

Higher classification:

Papilio claudia Schultze, 1776. Naturforscher : 100, pl.2.

Type-species designation:
by subsequent designation by Scudder , 1875. Proc. amer. acad. Arts Sci., Boston 10(2): 106.    [BHLBHL]

Type specimens:
? Type status ? COUNTRY: ? Locality, (? Depository)..

Hemming (1967) stated:-

In his "List" Doubleday included a number of names which, though till then unpublished and therefore from a nomenclatorial point of view `new names', had previously been coined by other authors and had acquired an irregular currency in manuscript. It seems likely that the present is a case of this kind, for, although Doubleday did not attribute the specific name claudia to Boisduval, he did so attribute the binomen Agrias claudia, thus signifying it seems to me that the generic name Agrias had already been used by Boisduval, possibly on the data label attached to some specimen.

Cowan (1970: 46) stated:-

First two lines of last para should read -] Billberg's included species was "claudius Fab., Tranquebar", which is a junior subjective synonym of P. mulciber Cramer, [17771. (P. claudia Fab., 1777 was the Agrias which Schulze showed to Fabricius and then himself described in 1776). [Also see last paragraph].

Cowan (1970: 40) stated:-

AGRIAS The name Papilio claudia Schulze, 1776 is, most regrettably, invalid as a junior primary homonym of Papilio N. claudia Cramer, [1775], the type-species of Euptoieta. The senior valid name subjectively applicable to the present species appears to be Nymphalis claudina Godart, [1824], Encyc. Méth. (Zool.) 9 (2) : 421.

Dr. J. D. Schulze described three new Lepidoptera and gave notes on other insects in the second of the two volumes of the Naturforscher Halle dated 1776 (vols. 8, 9). Two of the Lepidoptera were species of "Papilio" for which he selected names which had recently been introduced by Cramer (claudia, iphigenia) for other species in part (6) of the Uitlandsche Kapellen 1, and thus Schulze's names were ab initio invalid primary homonyms (iphigenia is currently referred to Perrhybris Hübner).

Schulze said that Fabricius had visited him in Hamburg to see his collection, and would be including the new species in the "mantissa" (or supplement) to his Syst. Ent. Fabricius duly did so, the work actually being the 1777 Gen. Ins., and Schulze's new names are often credited to Fabricius in error.

Schulze's third new species of Lepidoptera was the moth Phalaena aleella, which name is valid.

Agrias Doubleday 1844 was designated as the type-genus for the new subtribe Agriasina (Nymphalidae, Preponinae) by Rydon, 1971, Entomologist's Record and Journal of Variation 83 : 314. [Preponinae not adopted here].

The higher classification used here follows Lamas (2008).

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Search the Biodiversity Heritage Library (BHL) for references to AGRIAS and included species.

Junior name(s):
Agrias Boisduval, 1870: 52.

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