Butterflies and Moths of the World Generic Names and their Type-species

Genus details

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Cyclophora Hübner, 1822 . Syst.-alphab. Verz. eur. Schmett. : 41, 43, 45-48, 50.    [BHLBHL]

Available Name

Homonyms: 4

Higher classification:

Phalaena albipunctata Hüfnagel, 1767. Berlin Mag. 4: 526.

Type-species designation:
by subsequent designation by Moore , 1887. Lepid. Ceylon 3: 442. [(as a junior name of pendularia Linnaeus, an incorrect authorship and a misidentification)]    [BHLBHL]

Type specimens:
Syntype(s) [GERMANY]: Berlin region, (? Depository)..

Fletcher (1979) stated:-

The true identity of [Phalaena] pendularia Clerck, 1759, Icon. Insect. rariorum 1: pl.7, fig.5 was established by Nordström, 1941, Ent. Tidskr. 62: 127-130 and it was placed by him as a senior subjective synonym of Geometra orbicularia Hübner, [1799], 1796, Samml. eur. Schmett. 5: pl.12, fig.60. Nordström also shewed the first available name for [Phalaena] pendularia sensu auct. to be Phalaena albipunctata Hufnagel, 1767.

Under Article 70(a) of the Code the case of a misidentified type-species should be referred to the Commission. Invalid designation of type-species: Geometra omicronaria [Denis & Schiffermüller], 1775, was designated by Boisduval, 1836, Hist. nat. Insectes (Spec. gén. Lépid.) 1: 146. In the Introduction to the volume, pages 1-154, Boisduval reviewed earlier classifications of Lepidoptera and designated as many as four different type-species for each generic name. In his `Exposè de notre mèthod', pages 155-690, no type-species designation was made for any of the genera he himself used. Under Article 69(a)(iii) of the Code the type-designation of an author is eligible for consideration if he states that it is type `... and if it is clear that he himself accepts it as the type-species.' Boisduval type-designation, although clearly stated, do not fulfil the last requirement and so are invalid.

Even though Boisduval's work was well known to lepidopterists, the type-designation contained in it have not been accepted either by Hemming or by other authors. The acceptance of Boisduval's type-species designation in the case of Cyclophora would make no difference to the generic concept, G.omicronaria [Denis & Schiffermüller] and P. albipunctata Hufnagel being currently regarded as congeneric.

Parsons et al. (1999) included ANISODES Guenée, 1858; CODONIA Hübner, 1823; COSYMBIA Hübner, 1823; CYCLOPHORA Stephens, 1829; EPHYRA DUponchel, 1829; EUEPHYRA Packard, 1873; LEUCOPHTHALMIA Hübner, 1823; MATELLA Gistl, 1848; PACHYTHALIA Warren, 1897; PISORACA Walker, 1861; PROSTENODES Warren, 1903; STREPTOPTERON Swinhoe, 1892; and ZONOSOMA Lederer, 1853 as junior synonyms of CYCLOPHORA Hübner, 1822.

Parsons et al. (1999) included 64 species and 27 subspecies (inc. nominates) in the genus CYCLOPHORA Hübner, 1822 and a further 208 species and 35 subspecies in the genus "CYCLOPHORA".

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Search the Biodiversity Heritage Library (BHL) for references to CYCLOPHORA and included species.

Junior name(s):
Cyclophora Hübner, 1806: [2].
Cyclophora Stephens, 1829: 127.
Ephyra Duponchel, 1829: 108 (key).
Matella Gistel, 1848: ix.
Zonosoma Lederer, 1853: 174 (list), 191 (key), 194.

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