Fabricius, sensu Stephens, 1827.
1: 242, 244.
[[a misidentification of Pyralis fagana Fabricius, 1781]]
by subsequent designation by
Hist. nat. Ins.
(Spec. gén. Lépid.),
[(in a footnote referring to Herrich-Schäffer, 1845, Syst. Bearb. Schmett. Eur. 2: 446) but cited by Guenée as prasinana)]
Nye (1975) stated:-
Stephens' use of * Prasinaria was the same as * Prasinaria Fabricius, 1794, Ent. Syst. 3 (2): 243, an incorrect subsequent spelling of Phalaena prasinana Linnaeus. Herrich-Schüffer on page 446 placed 'prasinana L. - H[übner, fig.] 158' as the senior subjective synonym of sylvana F. and fagana F. Herrich-Schüffer had, however, followed Hübner who had misidentified the species and figured P. fagana over the caption prasinana.
The type-species having been misidentified, the case should, under the Code, Article 70 (a), be referred to the Commission.
Invalid designation of type-species: P. fagana was designated by Boisduval, 1836, Hist. nat. Insectes (Lépid.) 1: 148. Boisduval in his lengthy Introduction, up to page 154, reviewed earlier classifications and designated up to three different type-species for each generic name. In his 'Exposé de notre methode' from pages 155-690, no type-species designations were made for the genera he himself used. Under the Code, Article 69 (a) (iii), the type-designation of an author is eligible for consideration if he states that it is the type'. . . and if it is clear that he himself accepts it as the type-species.' Boisduval's type-designations although clearly stated do not fulfil the last requirement and so are invalid. Even though Boisduval's 1836 work was well known to lepidopterists the type-designations contained in it have not in the past been accepted by Hemming or other authors
Acceptance of Boisduval's designation in this case would of course make no difference.
Chloëphora Agassiz, 1846, Nomencl. zool. Index univl.: 82, was proposed as an emendation but under the Code, Article 32 (c) (i), the diaeresis must be deleted.
Chloephora Stephens is a junior objective synonym of Pseudoips Hübner, 1822.
See: PSEUDOIPS Hübner, 1822.
Poole (1989) included CHLOEPHORA in the subfamily NOCTUIDAE: SARROTHRIPINAE, which are included as a tribe within the NOLIDAE: CHLOEPHORINAE by Kitching & Rawlins, in Kristensen (1999).
Poole (1989) included HYLOPHILA Hübner, 1825; CHLOEPHORA Stephens, 1827; HALIAS Treitschke, 1929; and CHLOEPHILA Constantini, 1920 as junior synonyms of PSEUDOIPS Hübner, 1822.
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