Butterflies and Moths of the World Generic Names and their Type-species

Genus details

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Argynnis Fabricius, 1807 , in Illiger. Mag. Insektenk. (Illiger) 6 : 283.

Available Name

Homonyms: 1

Higher classification:

Papilio paphia Linnaeus, 1758. Systema Naturae (Edn 10), 1: 481.    [BHLBHL]

Type-species designation:
by subsequent designation by Latreille , 1810. Consid. gén. Ordre nat. Anim. : 440.    [BHLBHL]

Type specimens:
See BHL scanned Type-species page: .

Hemming (1967) stated:-

Formerly there was some doubt as to the acceptability of Latreille's Consid. gén. as a work containing valid type-selections of genera, but these were set at rest by the Commission by the Ruling given in Opinion II 1910, Smithson. Publ. 1938 : 17 - 18 facsimile published in 1958, Opin. int. Comm. zool. Nom. l (B) : 17 - male, 18, as supplemented by the Ruling given in Opinion 136 (1939, ibidem. 2 : 13-20). There are two later, and, of course, invalid type-selections for this genus. These were the selection (a) of Papilio adippe Linnaeus, 1767 (Syst. Nat. (ed. 12) 1(2) : 786) by Dalman in 1816 (K. svenska VetenskAkad. Handl., 1816 (1) : 57), and (b) of Papilio aglaia Linnaeus, 1758 (Syst. Nat. (ed. 12) 1 : 481) by Curtis in 1830 (Brit. Entom. 7 : pl. 290).

Up to the beginning of the nineteen-thirties it was commonly considered subjectively on taxonomic grounds that Papilio paphia Linnaeus, the type-species of the present genus, and Papilio niphe Linnaeus, 1767 (Syst. Nat. (ed. 12) 1 (2) : 785) were congeneric with one another. Accordingly, a difficult situation arose when specialists began to take the view that these species should be placed in separate genera, for in 1928 Reuss had selected Papilio niphe as the type-species of Argyreus Scopoli, 1777, with the result that all those workers - then the majority - who considered these species to be congeneric, the name Argynnis Fabricius became a junior subjective synonym. In fact, however this change was never made, specialists considering that it would be so disturbing to existing practice that the proper course would be to ask the Commission to intervene to prevent it from happening. The Commission thereupon gave a Ruling that, without predudice to the use on taxonomic grounds of the generic name Argyreus Scopoli for those authors who considered that its type-species was not congeneric with that of Argynnis Fabricius, the name Argyreus was not to be substituted for the name Argynnis in those cases where specialists considered the type-species of these nominal genera were congeneric with one another. At the same time the name Argynnis Fabricius was placed on the of Official List of Generic Names in Zoology as Name No 609. These decisions of which the first was taken by the Commission under its Plenary Powers, were promulgated in 1945 in the Commission's Opinion 161 (Opin. int. Comm. zool. Nom. 2 : 307-318).

ARGYNNIS was included within the subfamily NYMPHALIDAE: HELICONIINAE by Ackery et al., in Kristensen (1999).

The higher classification used here follows Lamas (2008).

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Search the Biodiversity Heritage Library (BHL) for references to ARGYNNIS and included species.

Junior name(s):
Dryas Hübner, 1806: [1].
Mesodryas Reuss, 1927: 435.

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