Butterflies and Moths of the World Generic Names and their Type-species

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Arethusana Lesse, 1951 . Revue fr. Lépid. 13(3/4) : 40.

Available Name

Homonyms: 1

Higher classification:

Papilio arethusa Schiffermüller, 1775. Ankündung syst. Werkes. Schmett. Wienergegend : 169.

Type-species designation:
by original designation .

Type specimens:
? Type status ? COUNTRY: ? Locality, (? Depository)..

Hemming (1967) stated:-

This species, when designated as the type-species of Arethusana, was attributed by de Lesse to Esper (i.e. Papilio arethusa Esper, [1781], Die Schmett. 1 (Bd 2) Forts. Tagschmett. : 103, pl. 69, fig. 3 - male, 4 - female), but Esper did not publish this as a new name of his own, correctly attributing it to Denis & Schiffermüller. Until recently there was some doubt as to the availability of the specific name arethusa for the present species, owing to the possibility that it might be a junior homonym of the specific name arethusa Cramer, [1775], also published in the combination Papilio arethusa. Luckily, this question was settled by the Commission in 1958 (Opin. int. Comm. zool. Nom. 19 : 1-44) when by its Ruling given in Opinion 516 it determined the relative precedence to be accorded to certain works on the Lepidoptera published in 1775 ; for it then ruled that the names introduced in Denis & Schiffermüller's work were to be accorded precedence over those introduced in that year in Cramer's work.

Under this Ruling the specific name arethusa [Denis & Schiffermüller], 1775, as published in the combination Papilio arethusa, became without question the oldest available specific name for the present species.

The higher classification used here follows Lamas (2008).

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