Butterflies and Moths of the World Generic Names and their Type-species

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Nymphalis Latreille, 1804 . Nouv. Dict. Hist. nat. 24(Tab.) : 184, 199.

Junior Homonym

Homonyms: 3

Higher classification:

Papilio atalanta Linnaeus, 1758. Systema Naturae (Edn 10), 1: 478.    [BHLBHL]

Type-species designation:
by monotypy .

Type specimens:
See BHL scanned Type-species page: .

Hemming (1967) stated:-

Latreille, who was unaware of the paper published by Kluk two years earlier indicated that he regarded himself as the author of this name by placing (: 95) an asterisk against it. In the first of the passages cited above (: 184) Latreille cited as belonging to this genus (a) Papilio atalanta Linnaeus and (b) what he called "Papilio morio". There was in existence no such nominal species as Papilio morio, though it may be supposed that it was Papilio antiopa Linnaeus which Latreille had in mind in view of the fact that species was known in France by the vernacular name "Le Morio". This however is pure speculation and the position is that Papilio atalanta was the only nominal species cited by Latreille and is therefore the type-species of Nymphalis Latreille, 1804, by monotypy. Prior to the discovery of Kluk's paper of 1802 the name Nymphalis was attributed to Latreille, but most authors ignored his publication of that name in 1804 in the Nouv. Dict., treating it has having been first published in the following year (1805, in Sonnini's Buffon, Hist. nat., Ins. 4 : 82).

The name Nymphalis Latreille is invalid as being a junior homonym of Nymphalis Kluk, 1802. The species which is the type-species of Nymphalis Latreille became later the type-species of the genus Vanessa Fabricius, 1807 and is currently placed in that genus.

Papilio morio Retzius 1783, was proposed as the type-species for Nymphalis Latreille, 1804, by Wagener, 1995, Die Tagfalter der Turkei unter Berucksichtigung der angrenzenden Lander. Spezieller Teil. Nymphalidae. Band 2. Fundortverzeichnis, Sammlerverzeichnis, Literaturverzeichnis, Indices, p. 1008.

The higher classification used here follows Lamas (2008).

Learn more about Nymphalidae in Wikipedia

Search the Biodiversity Heritage Library (BHL) for references to NYMPHALIS and included species.

Senior name:
Vanessa Fabricius, 1807: 281.

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