Butterflies and Moths of the World Generic Names and their Type-species

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Eurybia Illiger, 1807 . Allg.-Lit. Ztg Halle [Jena] 1807(2) : 1180.

Available Name

Homonyms: 5

Higher classification:

Limnas halimede Hübner, 1807. Samml. exot. Schmett. 1: pl.[27].    [BHLBHL]

Type-species designation:
by monotypy .

Type specimens:
See BHL scanned Type-species page: .

Hemming (1967) stated:-

The present generic name was published in an anonymous paper of Illiger's, most of the new generic names in which were long-overlooked senior homonyms of well-known names published a little later in 1807 by Fabricius in Illiger's Magazin fur Insektenkunde. If these senior homonyms had been brought into use, the Fabrician counterparts being sunk as junior homonyms, very great confusion would have resulted. In order to prevent this from happening, these senior homonyms were suppressed by the Commission under its Plenary Powers, its ruling on this subject being promulgated in Opinion 232 published in 1954 (Opin. int. Comm. zool. Nom. 4 : 249-274). In addition, there were three new names published in this paper of Illiger's but no reference to Eurybia was included.

The name Eurybia was used in the same or very similar senses by no less than four different authors in the period 1809-1819 but none of these clearly indicated that they looked upon himself as the author of this name ; it seems likely that it was a manuscript name then in circulation. It is virtually certain that it was Illiger himself who was the first to think of employing the word "Eurybia" as a generic name. At the time of the discovery of Illiger's paper of 1807, it was felt that there were not sufficient grounds for asking the Commission to suppress at the same the Illigerian names which preoccupied the Fabrician names. Indeed, it was felt that there would be apositive advantage in being able to attribute the name Eurybia to Illiger, if only because if adopted from this early date the risk of it being found not to be the first publication of the name - a contingency which had already led to the supercession of several of the later names, each of which had, for a time been considered to be the oldest version of the name Eurybia - would be avoided.

To sum up, the name Eurybia [Illiger], 1807, is a nomenclatorially available name and in consequence invalidates under the Law of Homonymy all later generic names consisting of the same word. The rejection of the name Eurybia of all later authors in favour of the name Eurybia does not involve any change in the taxonomic application of this name.

Cowan (1970: 47) stated:-

line 11 to read - this paper of Illiger's (Eurybia, Hymenitis, Lemonias) which were not suppressed.

The higher classification used here follows Lamas (2008).

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Search the Biodiversity Heritage Library (BHL) for references to EURYBIA and included species.

Junior name(s):
Erybia ; Guérin-Méneville, 1832: pl.80.
Euribia ; Westwood, 1851: pl.69, fig. 4.
Eurybia Hoffmannsegg, 1818: 100.
Eurybia Hübner, 1819: 17.
Eurybia Latreille, 1809: 198.
Eurybia Oken, 1815: 733.

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