Captain Scott (1868–1912) writing in his diary in the Antarctic Cape Evans base camp.
Emperor penguins (Aptenodytes forsteri)
The main goal of Scott’s expedition from 1910 to 1913 was to be the first to reach the South Pole. But there was another less well-known mission: to collect as much scientific data as possible from the frozen continent.
Edward Wilson, the expedition’s chief scientist, particularly wanted to test the theory that studying emperor penguin embryos would show an evolutionary link between birds and reptiles.
Bowers, Wilson and Cherry-Garrard before departure.
Wilson, Bowers and Cherry-Garrard just returned to base.
Two of the three embryos were cut into thin sections and mounted onto 800 slides.
Dorothy Thursby-Pelham’s (colleague of embryologist Ashton) pencil drawings of an embryo before sectioning.
Snow cairn marking the graves of Scott, Bowers and Wilson.