Wallace Letters Online

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Record number: WCP697

Sent by:
Alfred Russel Wallace
Sent to:
Frederick R. ("Fred") Birch
December [1899]

Sent by Alfred Russel Wallace, [Corfe View, Parkstone, Dorset] to Frederick R. ("Fred") Birch [none given] on December [1899].

Record created:
18 March 2011 by NHM


Thanks Birch for the book of his tour of North Wales. Knows Snowdon and Cader Idris well and discusses the geological influences, including glaciation, of the area. Sends Birch a new year's gift copy of his "Wonderful Century", which he thinks will interest him.

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  • letter (1)

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LETTER (WCP697.869)

A typical letter handwritten by author in English and signed by author.

Held by:
Natural History Museum
Finding number:
NHM Catkey-418469
Copyright owner:
ŠA. R. Wallace Literary Estate

Physical description

Transcription information





My dear Fred Birch,

Many thanks [for] your little book of your tour in [?]. It must have been most delightful & from your journal you do not seem to have minded the solitariness [?] yet I should think a congenial companion in equally good health & strength would have rendered the tour still more enjoyable. I know a good deal of the country you went over about Snowdon & Cader Idris, but not the first part [near] Snowdon. The railway up Snowdon must be an abomination! I am [?] you had such a fine day at Cader Idris it is a very fine mountain and so different from Snowdon. The enormous accumulation of huge blocks all along the ridge of the summit for a mile is very remarkable. There seems no where for them to have come from. The precipice is very fine, and the walk very pretty. [[2]] [???] told by friends that the [?] up the long ridge from Capel [?] up by Tryfan from Llyn Agwell, [?] very fine, and are far less overrun by tourists. Llyn Ledwall is well worth visiting, and the strange cleft of the Twll Du, called in English "The Devils Kitchen", is curious and all the ledges of the cliffs on each side of it are rich in plants.

I see you know nothing yet of the glacial period, & its results, which are to be beautifully seen in and around Snowdon, and when once seen will be a perpetual interest in all visits to mountains its Wales, the Lakes, or Scotland. I therefore send you (on loan) a little book by the late Prof. Ramsay. I took this with me the first time I went to Snowdon in 1866; and was delighted with the grooved rocks all up the valley from Llanberris, & the moraines in Curn Glas looking just like artificial earthworks. You can have the little book & map with you the next [[3]] time you go to the [??] & return it when you come back.

I send you two more copies of [?] Times to give away to any of your friends who will like to have it.

I also send you as a New Years gift a copy of my "Wonderful Century" which I think will interest you.

Your curious pale-coloured sea-side beetle I think is a Nebria I used to find at Swansea. I forget the specific name.

Your photo does not quite do you justice as you are, as you say, looking a little anxious.

I shall send this parcel off on Friday so that it may reach you on Saturday or New Years Day.

With best wishes | believe me | yours very truly | Alfred R Wallace [signature]

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