Wallace Letters Online

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Record number: WCP530

Sent by:
F. W. Hayes
Sent to:
Alfred Russel Wallace
6 January [1913]

Sent by F. W. Hayes, West Thurrock Vicarage, Grays, Essex to Alfred Russel Wallace [address not recorded] on 6 January [1913].

Record created:
01 June 2002 by Lucas, Paula J.


Congratulating Wallace on his 90th birthday.

Record contains:

  • letter (1)

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LETTER (WCP530.530)

A typical letter  .

Held by:
Natural History Museum
Finding number:
NHM WP1/8/59
Copyright owner:
Copyright of the F. W. Hayes Literary Estate.

Transcription information




West Thurrock Vicarage,

Grays, Essex.

Jan[uary]. 6. 19121

Dear Professor Wallace

Please let me join in the chorus of congratulations which pour upon you on the occasion of your 90th birthday. I read the interview in the "Daily News"2 of this morning. The social evils you refer to are certainly very real and [[2]] our duty is to try every means to eliminate them.

My own opinion is, that if true religion governed in the hearts of the people the rich would appreciate their duties to the poorer people, but how is this to be accomplished? You say "strip the rich of his wealth" but I cannot think that this will solve the problem or make people happier [[3]] for we still have many factors to contend with -- e.g. vicious tendencies, courteousness, incapacity, over popu -lation, sickness, infinity, accident, old age, laziness—&c. Certainly in Denmark where there are less rich people there is less poverty, but the State there is very careful to attend to and encourage its own people and its own manufactures first.

With peasant and undying revol-lutions of my former conversation with you touching the evolution of man and future progress.

Believe me | Sincerely yours | F. W. Hayes (Vicar) [signature]

[[Written vertically in the left-hand margin of p. 1]] I see that you [are] a “literary scourge” ready for “Bishops, Archdeacons, Parsons and curates”. I wonder does this include plain vicars?


1. It is actually 1913. See reference to the interview in endnotes 2.

2. 'The Spectre of Poverty', The Daily News & Leader (London, 6 January 1913), p. 1.

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