Sent by John Wallace, Stockton, California, USA to Alfred Russel Wallace, [Holly House, Tanner Street, Barking] on May 1870.
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Wallace, John. (1871). [Letter extracts from John Wallace on horned toads and rattlesnakes]. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 39(1): 1-2. [p. 1-2]
Transcriber: Smith, Charles Hyde
Transcription date: March 4, 2013
Scrutiny: 04/03/2013 - Catchpole, Caroline;
Signed off: no
[]1 [p. 1]
Mr. A. R. Wallace, F.Z.S., read the following extracts from letters of Mr. John Wallace:--
"Stockton, California, May 1870.
"There is common on dry sandy plains a small animal known [] [p. 2] here as the 'Horned Toad,' but which is a Lizard (Phrynosoma, sp. ?), having a broad body and short tail, covered all over with horny protuberances, and on the head five or six short and stout horns arranged like a crown. Under certain circumstances, apparently as a means of defence, this creature squirts out from one of its eyes a jet of bright-red liquid very much like blood. This I have observed three times from three different individuals, although I have caught many that did not do it. They do not generally use this defence when first captured, although I caught one a few days ago which squirted the liquid a distance of six inches over the back of my hand, and another ejected it when I flourished a bright knife before its eyes."
1. Editor Charles H. Smith's Note: Extracts from letters from Wallace's brother John read and commented on by Wallace at the 3 January 1871 meeting of the Zoological Society of London, and later printed in their Proceedings series.
SOURCE OF TRANSCRIPT
This transcript originates from Charles H. Smith’s The Alfred Russel Wallace Page website (http://people.wku.edu/charles.smith/index1.htm): See http://people.wku.edu/charles.smith/wallace/S179A.htm
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