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Record number: WCP4069

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Sent by:
Alfred Russel Wallace
Sent to:
Thomas Wilkinson Wallis
20 April 1874

Sent by Alfred Russel Wallace, The Dell, Grays, Essex to Thomas Wilkinson Wallis [none given] on 20 April 1874.

Record created:
04 March 2013 by Catchpole, Caroline


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Wallis, Thomas Wilkinson. (1899). Autobiography of Thomas Wilkinson Wallis, Sculptor in Wood. J. W. Goulding & Son, Louth. [p. 181-182]

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[[1]]1 [p. 181]

In April, 1874, a person calling himself "Parallax" lectured in Louth, undertaking to prove that the Earth is a plane, not a globe, as astronomers describe it; his premises were false, so all he said was false. At the second lecture his views were refuted. It was proposed to heckle him at the third lecture, but he took alarm and did not appear. In the meantime I wrote to the celebrated Professor Alfred R. Wallace, of Grays, Essex; with whom, it was said that this "Parallax" made and lost a wager on the subject. In reply I received the following letter:--

"The Dell, Grays, Essex, April 20th, 1874.

"Dear Sir,--

Parallax, whose proper name is Rowbotham, is not the man whose wager I accepted. He is far too clever for that; Hampden was one of his dupes. Parallax makes the boldest false statements, and as the number of those who can contradict him from actual experience is small, his assertions are believed by thousands. As an example, in a recent correspondence with him he maintained that it is a property of the Telescope to show objects depressed below objects less distant, which are really in a line with them! This was to account for the admitted fact that in [[2]] [p. 182] my experiment the centre signal appeared about 5 feet above the distant one, although at the same height above the water. Thus: (See diagram opposite.)

[unnumbered page facing page 182, a sketch of the curve of the earth and equipemt to measure it]

The unprincipled character of the man is shown by his admitting that in my case the middle signal appeared elevated, and calling in the aid of a supposed property of the telescope to account for it, while in his lecture he maintains that it does not appear elevated. As to the Ordnance Surveyors, I have no doubt there is a rule that they are to make no allowance for curvature, because they are not allowed any but very short sights.1 The reason of the rule is obvious; if the surveyors were allowed to think that, making allowance for curvature, long sights were as good as short ones, they would be liable to great errors, especially those arising from unequal refraction. I wonder at these lectures his gross false statements are not exposed; but I suppose there are always a majority present so ignorant as to believe that his assertions are as good as any one's.

The Field newspaper for March 26, 1870, contains a full report of my experiments, with diagrams, and for some weeks before and after there are articles and correspondence on the subject.

I remain, Yours very truly,

Alfred R. Wallace."

P.S.--If you come to Grays I shall be happy to see you."

Sometime afterwards I called at the Dell, Grays, and had an interview with Mr. Wallace.

Note Appearing in the Original Work

1. Also, allowance for curvature is not required because the average back-sight is equal to the average foresight, so that one corrects the other. T.W.W. [on p. 182]


1. Editor Charles H. Smith's Note: An 1874 letter sent to the craftsman Thomas Wilkinson Wallis, concerning Wallace's experience with flat earth advocates. Wallis included the letter in his 1899 Autobiography of Thomas Wilkinson Wallis, Sculptor in Wood.


This transcript originates from Charles H. Smith’s The Alfred Russel Wallace Page website (http://people.wku.edu/charles.smith/index1.htm): See http://people.wku.edu/charles.smith/wallace/S574AA.htm

Please note that work on this transcript is not yet complete. Users are advised to study electronic image(s) of this document, if available.