Stern, Bernhard J. (1935). Letters of Alfred Russel Wallace to Lester F. Ward. The Scientific Monthly, 40: 375-379. [p. 379]
Transcriber: Smith, Charles Hyde
Transcription date: February 6, 2013
Scrutiny: 08/02/2013 - Catchpole, Caroline;
Signed off: no
[]1 [p. 379]
Parkstone, Dorset, England, October 12, 1898
I should have acknowledged your Outlines of Sociology long ago, but I was busy bringing out my own book, and with discussions & correspondence on the Vaccination question. I read most of the chapters of your book in the copies of the original papers which you were so good as to send me, but I am glad to have the connected whole, which contains I think some of the best things re Sociology you have written. Never was sound teaching on the subject more wanted, and wise legislation, if we are not to be soon plunged into a revolution I have been reading with great interest Mr. Wyckoff's papers on the Workers in Scribners Magazine, and I ask myself how much longer will men continue to work at their highest tension for a bare supply of necessaries and with no prospect of rest and comfort in old age. And even to get work at all, on these terms becomes increasingly difficult. The whole miserable system--or want of system--has also been brought more vividly before me by my son's experience in America where he has now been a year and a half. He has had the best education I could give him in Electrical Engineering--3 years in College and 3 years in the workshops & at various jobs. So far, in America, he has been able to get nothing but labourer's or lineman's work at moderate wages, but the bosses always keep them at high pressure for nine hours a day, after which of course they are not fit for much but eating and sleeping. He enjoys the work greatly, being young and strong, especially as it has enabled him to see already a good deal of the country & people. He & a friend who went out with him worked their way, mainly bicycling, from Boston through the Adirondacks to Niagara, Chicago, and to Denver, and they want to go across to California if they can manage it. He is a thorough Socialist, and makes friends with most of the men he works with, but after a job they often have weeks or months of idleness before they get another. What a terrible thing it is that under the present social system, the vast majority of workers, however steady and well educated, have, and can have, no prospect but a life of toil and an old age of poverty or worse--and this when the work actually done, is properly organized, would provide not only necessaries but comforts for all, with ample leisure and a restful old age. Surely the coming century must see the end of the existing system of cut-throat competition, and wealth production based on the misery & starvation of the millions!
1. Editor Charles H. Smith's Note: Fifth of five letters from Wallace to Ward sent over an eleven year period, which were published in a note by Bernhard J. Stern printed in the April 1935 issue of The Scientific Monthly.
SOURCE OF TRANSCRIPT
This transcript originates from Charles H. Smith’s The Alfred Russel Wallace Page website (http://people.wku.edu/charles.smith/index1.htm): See http://people.wku.edu/charles.smith/wallace/S710.htm
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