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Biodiversity and WorldMap

PUBLICATIONS RELATING TO WORLDMAP



in press

Conservation priorities for birds and biodiversity: do East African Important Bird Areas represent species diversity in other terrestrial vertebrate groups?
Brooks, T., Balmford, A., Burgess, N., Hansen, L. A., Moore, J., Rahbek, C., Williams, P., Bennun, L., Byaruhanga, A., Kasoma, P., Njoroge, P., Pomeroy, D. & Wondafrash, M.
Ostrich. (in press).

Quantitative methods of priority setting.
Williams, P. H., Wisz, M., Rahbek, C., Moore, J., Hansen, L., Burgess, N., Brooks, T. & Balmford, A.
Pages 57-71 in: Assessment of biological priorities for conservation in the Guinean-Congolian forest region. A. Blom, A. Kamdem Toham, J. D'Amico, D. O'Hara, R. Abell & D. Olsen (eds). WWF-CARPO workshop at Libreville, April 2000. (in press).

Grid cells, polygons, and ecoregions in biogeography and in biodiversity priority-area selection.
Williams, P. H. & Margules, C.
In Terrestrial Ecoregions of Africa, a conservation assessment. WWF. (in press).

[Gap Analysis: pros and cons to an evaluation of the Natura 2000 network in Portugal. (in Portuguese).]
Araujo, M. B.
Acta Entomologica Ibérica and Macaronésica (in press).

2003

Avoiding pitfalls of using species distribution models in conservation planning.
Loiselle, B. A., Howell, C. A., Graham, C. H., Goerck, J. M., Brooks, T., Smith, K. G. & Williams, P. H. 2003.
Conservation Biology 17: 1591-1600

Building indicator groups based on species characteristics can improve conservation planning.
Manne, L. L. & Williams, P. H. 2003
Animal Conservation 6: 291-297.

Heuristic and optimal solutions for set-covering problems in conservation biology.
Moore, J. L., Folkmann, M., Balmford, A., Brooks, T., Burgess, N., Rahbek, C., Williams, P. H. & Krarup, J. 2003.
Ecography 26: 595-601.

Taxonomic diversity of vascular plants in the European alpine areas.
Vre, H., Lampinen, R., Humphries, C. & Williams, P. 2003.
Pages 133-148 in: Alpine Biodiversity in Europe. Ecological studies 167. Nagy, L., Grabherr, G., Krner, Ch. & Thompson, D. B. A. (eds.). Springer, Berlin. (477 pp.)

Integrating biodiversity priorities with conflicting socio-economic values in the Guinean-Congolian forest region.
Williams, P. H., Moore, J. L., Kamden Toham, A., Brooks, T. M., Strand, H., D'Amico, J., Wisz, M., Burgess, N. D., Balmford, A. & Rahbek, C. 2003.
Biodiversity and Conservation 12: 1297-1320.

Performance of sub-Saharan vertebrates as indicator groups for identifying priority areas for conservation.
Moore, J. L., Balmford, A., Brooks, T., Burgess, N. D., Hansen, L. A., Rahbek, C. & Williams, P. H. 2003.
Conservation Biology 17: 207-218.

2002

Dynamics of extinction and the selection of nature reserves.
Araujo, M. B., Williams, P. H. & Fuller, R. J. 2002.
Proceedings of the Royal Society, Biological Sciences 269: 1971-1980.

The distribution of cultural and biological diversity in Africa.
Moore, J. L., Manne, L., Brooks, T., Burgess, N. D., Davies, R., Rahbek, C., Williams, P. & Balmford, A. 2002.
Proceedings of the Royal Society, Biological Sciences 269: 1645-1653.

A sequential approach to minimise threats within selected conservation areas.
Araujo, M. B., Williams, P. H. & Turner, A. 2002.
Biodiversity and Conservation 11: 1011-1024.

How much of the vertebrate diversity of sub-Saharan Africa is catered for by recent conservation proposals?
Burgess, N. D., Rahbek, C., Larsen, F. W., Williams, P. H. & Balmford, A. 2002.
Biological Conservation 107: 327-339.

Representing biodiversity: data and procedures for identifying priority areas for conservation.
Margules, C. R., Pressey, R. L. & Williams, P. H. 2002.
Journal of Biosciences 27(4 supplement 2): 309-326.

Data requirements and data sources for biodiversity priority area selection.
Williams, P. H., Margules, C. R. & Hilbert, D. W. 2002.
Journal of Biosciences 27(4 supplement 2): 327-338.

Apples, oranges, and probabilities: Integrating multiple factors into biodiversity conservation with consistency.
Williams, P. H. & Araujo, M. B. 2002.
Environmental Modeling and Assessment 7: 139-151.

2001

Would environmental diversity be a good surrogate for species diversity?
Araujo, M. B., Humphries, C. J., Densham, P. J., Lampinen, R., Hagemeijer, W. J. M., Mitchell-Jones, A. J. & Gasc, J. P.
Ecography 24: 103-110.

The bias of complementarity hotspots towards marginal populations.
Araujo, M. B. & Williams, P. H.
Conservation Biology (in press).

A sequential approach to minimise threats within selected conservation areas.
Araujo, M. B., Williams, P. H. & Turner, A.
Biodiversity and Conservation (in press).

Toward a blueprint for conservation in Africa.
Brooks, T., Balmford, A., Burgess, N., Fjelds, J., Hansen, L.A., Moore, J., Rahbek, C. & Williams, P.
BioScience 51: 613-624.

Conservation priorities for birds and biodiversity: do East African Important Bird Areas represent species diversity in other terrestrial vertebrate groups?
Brooks, T., Balmford, A., Burgess, N., Hansen, L. A., Moore, J., Rahbek, C., Williams, P., Bennun, L., Byaruhanga, A., Kasoma, P., Njoroge, P., Pomeroy, D. & Wondafrash, M.
Ostrich (in press).

Flexibility and the use of indicator taxa in the selection of sites for nature reserves.
Hopkinson, P., Travis, J. M. J., Evans, J., Gregory, R. D., Telfer, M. G. & Williams, P.
Biodiversity and Conservation 10: 271-285.

Apples, oranges, and probabilities: Integrating multiple factors into biodiversity conservation with consistency.
Williams, P. H. & Araujo, M. B.
Environmental Modeling and Assessment (in press).

Grid cells, polygons, and ecoregions in biogeography and in biodiversity priority-area selection.
Williams, P. H. & Margules, C.
In Terrestrial Ecoregions of Africa, a conservation assessment. WWF (in press).

Quantitative methods of priority setting.
Williams, P. H., Wisz, M., Rahbek, C., Moore, J., Hansen, L., Burgess, N., Brooks, T. & Balmford, A.
Pages 57-71 in: Assessment of biological priorities for conservation in the Guinean-Congolian forest region. A. Blom, A. Kamdem Toham, J. D'Amico, D. O'Hara, R. Abell & D. Olsen (eds). WWF-CARPO workshop at Libreville, April 200 (in press).

 

2000

Selecting areas for species persistence using occurrence data.
Araujo, M. B. & Williams, P. H.
Biological Conservation 96: 331-345.

The calculus of biodiversity: integrating phylogeny and conservation.
Bininda-Emonds, O. R. P., Vazquez, D. P. & Manne, L. L.
Trends in Ecology and Evolution 15, 92-94.

Conservation Priority Setting for Birds in Latin America / WORLDMAP.
Brooks, T., Jahn, A., Limp, F., Smith, K., Mehlman, D., Roca, R. & Williams, P.
CD-ROM, distributed by The Nature Conservancy, Arlington.

The mid-domain effect: geometric constraints on the geography of species richness.
Colwell, R. K. & Lees, D. C.
Trends in Ecology and Evolution 15, 70-76.

Following Africa's lead in setting priorities (Correspondence). Fonseca, G., Balmford, A., Bibby, C., Boitani, L., Brooks, T., Burgess, N., Corsi, F., Dinerstein, E., Gascon, C., Hannah, L., Lovett, J., Mittermeier, R. A., Moyer, D., Olivieri, S., Olson, D., Rahbek, C., Stuart S. & Williams, P. H.
Nature, London 405: 393-394.

A preliminary assessment of the contribution of nature reserves to biodiversity conservation in Great Britain.
Hopkinson, P, Travis, J. M. J., Prendergast, J. R., Evans, J., Gregory, R. D., Telfer, M. G. & Williams, P. H.
Animal Conservation 4: 311-320.

Patterns of plant diversity in Africa south of the Sahara and their implications for conservation management.
Lovett, J. C., Rudd, S., Taplin, J. & Frimodt-Moller, C.
Biodiversity and Conservation 9: 37-46.

[A quantitative biological analysis of the efficiency of Danish nature reserve management - with emphasis on biological diversity.]
Lund, M. P. & Rahbek, C.
Danish Economic Council, Secretariat, Copenhagen.

It's time to work together and stop duplicating conservation efforts (Correspondence).
Mace, G. M., Balmford, A., Boitani, L., Cowlishaw, G., Dobson, A. P., Faith, D. P., Gaston, K. J., Humphries, C. J., Lawton, J. H., Margules, C. R., May, R. M., Nicholls, A. O., Possingham, H. P., Rahbek, C., van Jaarsveld, A. S., Vane-Wright, R. I. & Williams, P. H.
Nature, London 405: 393.

Detection of macro-ecological patterns in South American hummingbirds is affected by spatial scale.
Rahbek, C. & Graves, G. R.
Proceedings of the Royal Society, Biological Sciences 267: 2259-2265.

Portuguese bryophyte diversity and priority areas for conservation.
Srgio, C., Arajo, M. B. & Draper, D.
Lindbergia 25: 116-123

Some properties of rarity scores for site-quality assessment.
Williams, P.
British Journal of Entomology and Natural History 13: 73-86.

Complementarity.
Williams, P.
Pages 813-829 in: Encyclopedia of Biodiversity (vol. 1). S. A. Levin (ed.). Academic Press.

Using probabilities of persistence to identify important areas for biodiversity conservation.
Williams, P. H. & Araujo, M. B.
Proceedings of the Royal Society, Biological Sciences 267: 1959-1966.

Integrating species and ecosystem monitoring for identifying conservation priorities.
Williams, P. & Araujo, M.
European Nature 4: 17-18.

Assessing large 'flagship species' for representing the diversity of sub-Saharan mammals.
Williams, P., Burgess, N. & Rahbek, C.
In: Has the Panda had its Day? Future Priorities for the Conservation of Mammalian Biodiversity. A. Entwistle & N. Dunstone (eds).  Symposium of the Zoological Society of London, 14-15 November 1997. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge pages 85-99.

Flagship species, ecological complementarity, and conserving the diversity of mammals and birds in sub-Saharan Africa.
Williams, P. H., Burgess, N. D. & Rahbek, C.
Animal Conservation 3: 249-260.

Endemism and important areas for conserving European biodiversity: a preliminary exploration of atlas data for plants and terrestrial vertebrates.
Williams, P., Humphries, C., Araujo, M., Lampinen, R., Hagemeijer, W., Gasc, J.-P. & Mitchell-Jones, T.
Belgian Journal of Entomology 2: 21-46.

 

1999

Distribution patterns of biodiversity and the design of a representative reserve network in Portugal.
Araujo, M. B.
Diversity and Distributions 5: 151-163.

Patterns of African primate diversity.
Cowlishaw, G. & Hacker, J. E.
Pages 18-19 in: Annual Report of The Institute of Zoology, Science for Conservation 1998. Anon. (ed.). Institute of Zoology, London.

Correlation between endemism and local ecoclimatic stability documented by comparing Andean bird distributions and remotely sensed land surface data.
Fjeldsa, J., Lambin, E. & Mertens, B.
Ecography, 22: 63-78.

Biogeography of the Lepidoptera.
Holloway, J. D. & Nielsen, E. S.
Pages 423-462 in: Lepidoptera, moths and butterflies. 1. Evolution, systematics and biogeography. Kristensen, N. P. (ed.). Handbuch der Zoologie 4(35).  De Gruyter, Berlin.

Plant diversity in Europe: Atlas Florae Europaeae and WORLDMAP.
Humphries, C., Araujo, M., Williams, P., Lampinen, R., Lahti, T. & Uotila, P.
Acta Botanica Fennica, 162: 11-21.

A null model for species richness gradients: bounded range overlap of butterflies and other rainforest endemics in Madagascar.
Lees, D. C., Kremen, C. & Andriamampianina, L.
Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 67: 529-584.

Effects of data characteristics on the results of reserve selection algorithms.
Pressey, R.L., Possingham, H. P., Logan, V. S., Day, J. R. & Williams, P. H.
Journal of Biogeography 26: 179-191.

Mapping Europe's Biodiversity, making a start with species: mapping plants and vertebrates.
Williams, P., Humphries, C. & Araujo, M.
Poster, based on a joint project with European atlas projects for plants, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals.
Privately distributed, London.

Important Plant Areas of Europe: exploring the consequences of selection criteria.
Williams, P. H., Humphries, C. J., Araujo, M. B., Lahti, T., Lampinen, R., Uotila, P. & Vane-Wright, R. I.
Pages 103-109 in: Planta Europa. H. Synge & J. Akeroyd (eds). Proceedings of the Second European Conference on the Conservation of Wild Plants, 9-14 June 1998, Uppsala, Sweden. Plantlife, London.

Interpreting biogeographical boundaries among Afrotropical birds: spatial patterns in richness gradients and species replacement.
Williams, P. H., de Klerk, H. M. & Crowe, T. M.
Journal of Biogeography 26: 459-474.

1998

Global patterns in species richness of pelagic seabirds: the Procellariiformes.
Chown, S. L., Gaston, K. J. & Williams, P. H.
Ecography, 21: 342-350.

Continent-wide conservation priorities and diversification processes.
Fjeldsa, J. & Rahbek, C.
In: Conservation in a changing world: integrating processes into priorities for action. G. M. Mace, A. Balmford & J. R. Ginsberg (eds). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Patterns of African primate diversity and their evaluation for the selection of conservation areas.
Hacker, J. E., Cowlishaw, G. & Williams, P. H.
Biological Conservation, 84: 251-262.

[The conservation of biodiversity in the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearic Islands. What can we do with floristic data?].
Moreno, J. C., Castro, I., Humphries, C.J. & Williams, P.H.
Quercus, 144: 19-22.

Land planarians (Platyhelminthes, Tricladida, Terricola) in biodiversity and conservation studies.
Sluys, R.
Pedobiologia, 42: 490-494.

An annotated checklist of bumble bees with an analysis of patterns of description (Hymenoptera: Apidae, Bombini).
Williams, P. H.
Bulletin of the Natural History Museum, Entomology, 67: 79-152.

Key sites for conservation: area-selection methods for biodiversity.
Williams, P. H.
Pages 211-249 in: Conservation in a changing world. G. M. Mace, A. Balmford & J. R. Ginsberg (eds). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Biodiversity indicators: graphical techniques, smoothing and searching for what makes relationships work.
Williams, P. H. & Gaston, K. J.
Ecography, 21: 551-560.

Mapping Europe's biodiversity.
Williams, P., Humphries, C. & Araujo, M.
Pages 12-15 in: Facts & figures on Europe's biodiversity. State and trends 1998-1999. ECNC, Tilburg.

1997

Mapping the boundaries: variation in the transition zones to the European Mediterranean Region.
Araújo, M. B.
Poster to MEDECOS VIII (Global Change Conference on Mediterranean Ecosystems), San Diego 18-26 October.

The relationship between geographic area and the latitudinal gradient in species richness in New World birds.
Blackburn, T. M. & Gaston, K. J.
Evolutionary Ecology, 11: 195-204.

A comparison of reserve selection algorithms using data on terrestrial vertebrates in Oregon.
Csuti, B., Polasky, S., Williams, P. H., Pressey, R. L., Camm, J. D., Kershaw, M., Kiester, A. R., Downs, B., Hamilton, R., Huso, M. & Sahr, K.
Biological Conservation, 80: 83-97.

Species richness and endemism in South American birds: implications for the design of networks of nature reserves.
Fjeldsa, J. & Rahbek, C.
Pages 466-482 in: Tropical forest remnants: ecology, management and conservation of fragmented communities. W. F. Laurence & R. O. Bierregaard (eds). University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

Age, area and avian diversification.
Gaston, K. J. & Blackburn, T. M.
Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 62: 239-253.

Systematics and biogeography of mycalesine butterflies (Lepidoptera: Satyrinae) in Madagascar.
Lees, D. C.
Ph.D. thesis, University College London.

Using patterns of distribution and diversity of Kenyan birds to select and prioritize areas for conservation.
Muriuki, J. N., de Klerk, H. M., Williams, P. H., Bennun, L. A., Crowe, T. M. & vanden Berge, E.
Biodiversity and Conservation, 5(1996): 191-210.

Alpha taxonomy of Madagascar endemic butterfly Strabena (Nymphalidae, Satyrinae) and its implication in conservation.
Raharitsimba, N. H.
M.Sc. thesis, University of Kent, Canterbury.

Mapping biodiversity value world-wide: combining higher-taxon richness from different groups.
Williams, P. H., Gaston, K. J. & Humphries, C. J.
Proceedings of the Royal Society, Biological Sciences, 264: 141-148.

1996

Biogeography or enariine (Melolonthidae) and cicindelid beetles in Madagascar.
Andriamampianina, L.
M.Sc. thesis, University of Kent, Canterbury.

Maximising Forest bird conservation in Uganda by establishing priorities for nature reserve selection.
Baltzer, M. C.
M.Sc. thesis, University of Kent, Canterbury.

The distribution of bird species in the New World: patterns in species turnover.
Blackburn, T. M. & Gaston, K. J.
Oikos, 76: 146-152.

Spatial patterns in the geographic range sizes of bird species in the New World.
Blackburn, T. M. & Gaston, K. J.
Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, London, 351: 897-912.

Spatial patterns in the species richness of birds in the New World.
Blackburn, T. M. & Gaston, K. J.
Ecography, 19: 369-376.

Spatial patterns in the body sizes of bird species in the New World.
Blackburn, T. M. & Gaston, K. J.
Oikos, 77: 436-446.

Strengthening the Natural and National Park system of Iberia to conserve vascular plants.
Castro Parga, I., Moreno Saiz, J. C., Humphries, C. J. & Williams, P. H.
Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 121: 189-206.

Species-range-size distributions: patterns, mechanisms and implications.
Gaston, K. J.
Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 11: 197-201.

The tropics as a museum of biological diversity: an analysis of the New World avifauna.
Gaston, K. J. & Blackburn, T. M.
Proceedings of the Royal Society, Biological Sciences, 263: 63-68.

The spatial distribution of threatened species: macro-scales and New World birds.
Gaston, K. J. & Blackburn, T. M.
Proceedings of the Royal Society, Biological Sciences, 263: 235-240.

Global scale macroecology: interactions between population size, geographic range size and body size in the Anseriformes.
Gaston, K. J. & Blackburn, T. M.
Journal of Animal Ecology, 65: 701-714.

Spatial patterns in taxonomic diversity.
Gaston, K. J. & Williams, P. H.
Pages 202-228 in: Biodiversity: a biology of numbers and difference. K. J. Gaston (ed.). Blackwell Science, Oxford.

Identifying complementary areas for conservation in Thailand: an example using owls, hawkmoths and tiger beetles.
Kitching, I. J.
Biodiversity and Conservation, 5: 841-858.

The Perinet effect? Diversity gradients in an adaptive radiation of Madagascan butterflies (Satyrinae: Mycalesina) contrasted with other species-rich rainforest taxa.
Lees, D. C.
Pages 479-490 in: Biogeographie de Madagascar. W. R Lourenco (ed.). ORSTOM editions, Paris.

Strengthening the Natural and National Park system of Iberia to conserve pteridophytes.
Moreno Saiz, J. C., Castro Parga, I., Humphries, C. J. & Williams, P. H.
Pages 111-123 in: Pteridology in perspective. J. M. Camus, M. Gibby & R. J. Johns (eds). Royal Botanic Garden, Kew.

Systematics and the conservation of biological diversity.
Vane-Wright, R. I.
Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden, 83: 47-57.

WORLDMAP iv WINDOWS: Software and user document 4.1.
Williams, P. H.
Privately distributed, London.

Biodiversity value and taxonomic relatedness.
Williams, P. H.
Pages 261-277 in: The Genesis and Maintenance of Biological Diversity. M. E. Hochberg, J. Clobert & R. Barbault (eds). Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Measuring biodiversity value.
Williams, P. H.
World Conservation, 1: 12-14.

Mapping variations in the strength and breadth of biogeographic transition zones using species turnover.
Williams, P. H.
Proceedings of the Royal Society, Biological Sciences, 263: 579-588.

A comparison of richness hotspots, rarity hotspots and complementary areas for conserving diversity using British birds.
Williams, P., Gibbons, D., Margules, C., Rebelo, A., Humphries, C. & Pressey, R.
Conservation Biology, 10: 155-174.

Comparing character diversity among biotas.
Williams, P. H. & Humphries, C. J.
Pages 54-76 in: Biodiversity: a biology of numbers and difference. K. J. Gaston (ed.). Blackwell Science, Oxford.

WORLDMAP and prioritisation for conservation: integration of systematic data for conservation evaluation.
Williams, P. H. & Humphries, C. J.
Pages 98-99 in: Biodiversity assessment: a guide to good practice. A. C. Jermy, D. Long, M. J. S. Sands, N. E. Stork, S. Winser (eds). Department of the Environment / HMSO, London.

Promise and problems in applying quantitative complementary areas for representing the diversity of some Neotropical plants (families Dichapetalaceae, Lecythidaceae, Caryocaraceae, Chrysobalanaceae and Proteaceae).
Williams, P. H., Prance, G. T., Humphries, C. J. & Edwards, K. S.
Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 58: 125-157.

1995

Existing biodiversity application software.
Anonymous.
Pages 636-639 in: Global biodiversity assessment. V. H. Heywood & R. T. Watson (eds.). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Studies on the ecology and evolution of Neotropical ithomiine butterflies (Nymphalidae: Ithomiinae).
Beccaloni, G. W.
Ph.D. thesis, University of London.

Mapping biodiversity using surrogates for species richness: macro-scales and New World birds.
Gaston, K. J. & Blackburn, T. M.
Proceedings of the Royal Society, Biological Sciences, 262: 335-341.

Large scale patterns of biodiversity: spatial variation in family richness.
Gaston, K. J., Williams, P. H., Eggleton, P. J. & Humphries, C. J.
Proceedings of the Royal Society, Biological Sciences, 260: 149-154.

Richness or rarity? Evaluation of African primate diversity for conservation.
Hacker, J.
M.Sc. thesis, University College, London.

Biodiversity, systematics, and conservation: a case study of swallowtail butterflies (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae).
Häuser, C. L., Smith, C. R. & Vane-Wright, R. I.
Verhandlungen der Deutschen Zoologischen Gesellschaft, 88: 148.

Cladograms and trees in biodiversity.
Humphries, C. J. & Williams, P.H.
Pages 335-352 in: Models in phylogenetic reconstruction. R. W. Scotland, D. J. Siebert & D. M. Williams (eds), Special volume of the Systematics Association, Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Measuring biodiversity value for conservation.
Humphries, C. J., Williams, P. H. & Vane-Wright, R. I.
Annual Reviews of Ecology and Systematics, 26: 93-111.

Defining priorities for conservation and sustainable use.
Johnson, N.
Pages 932-943 in: Global biodiversity assessment. V. H. Heywood & R. T. Watson (eds.). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Threatened status, rarity and diversity as alternative selection measures for protected areas: a test using Afrotropical antelopes.
Kershaw, M., Mace, G. M. & Williams, P. H.
Conservation Biology, 9: 324-334.

A study of papilionoid legumes in Madagascar using evolutionary and distributional data to identify priority areas for conservation.
Sawkins, M. C.
M.Sc. thesis, University of Birmingham, Birmingham.

Phylogenetic relationships among bumble bees (Bombus Latr.): a re-appraisal of morphological evidence.
Williams, P. H.
Systematic Entomology, 19(1994): 327-344.

The WORLDMAP debate. (Correspondence)
Williams, P. H.
Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 10: 82.

Do conservationists and molecular biologists value differences between organisms in the same way?
Williams, P. H., Gaston, K. J. & Humphries, C. J.
Biodiversity Letters, 2(1994): 67-78.

1994

Termites live in a pear-shaped world: a response to Platnick.
Eggleton, P.
Journal of Natural History, 28: 1209-1212.

Explaining global termite diversity: productivity or history?
Eggleton, P., Williams, P. H. & Gaston, K. J.
Biodiversity and Conservation, 3: 318-330.

Systematics and conservation evaluation.
Forey, P. L., Humphries, C. J. & Vane-Wright, R. I. (eds)
Special volume of the Systematics Association, Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Hotspots across Europe.
Gaston, K. J. & David, R.
Biodiversity Letters, 2: 108-116.

Conservation of Afrotropical antelopes: consequences and efficiency of using alternative site selection methods and diversity criteria.
Kershaw, M., Williams, P. H. & Mace, G. M.
Biodiversity and Conservation, 3: 354-372.

Systematics and the conservation of biodiversity: global, national and local perspectives.
Vane-Wright, R. I.
Pages 197-211 in: Perspectives on insect conservation. K. J. Gaston, T. R. New & M. Samways (eds), Intercept, Andover.

The butterflies of northern and central Maluku: diversity, endemism, biogeography, and conservation priorities.
Vane-Wright, R. I. & Peggie, D. [= Rahardja, D. P.]
Tropical Biodiversity, 2: 212-230.

Systematic assessment of diversity by summation.
Vane-Wright, R. I., Smith, C. R. & Kitching, I. J.
Pages 309-326 in: Systematics and conservation evaluation. P. L. Forey, C. J. Humphries & R. I. Vane-Wright (eds), Special volume of the Systematics Association, Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Measuring more of biodiversity: can higher-taxon richness predict wholesale species richness ?
Williams, P. H. & Gaston, K. J.
Biological Conservation, 67: 211-217.

Biodiversity, taxonomic relatedness and endemism in conservation.
Williams, P. H. & Humphries, C. J.
Pages 269-287 in: Systematics and conservation evaluation. P. L. Forey, C. J. Humphries & R. I. Vane-Wright (eds), Special volume of the Systematics Association, Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Centres of seed-plant diversity: the family way.
Williams, P. H., Humphries, C. J. & Gaston, K. J.
Proceedings of the Royal Society, Biological Sciences, 256: 67-70.

1993

Palms and WORLDMAP, a systematic study of palms using taxonomic and geographical data, to determine global distribution of palm biodiversity, and to identify high-priority areas for palm conservation. Barrow, S. C.
MSc thesis, University of Reading, Reading.

Beyond opportunism: key principles for systematic reserve selection.
Pressey, R. L., Humphries, C. J., Margules, C. R., Vane-Wright, R. I. & Williams, P. H.
Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 8: 124-128.

An evaluation of the diversity of subspecies, species and genera of Hesperiidae within the Philippines, using the WORLDMAP computer program.
Vane-Wright, R. I. & Rahardja, D. P. [= Peggie, D.]
Zoologisches Verhandelingen, 288: 116-121.

Measuring more of biodiversity for choosing conservation areas, using taxonomic relatedness.
Williams, P. H.
Pages 194-227 in: International Symposium on Biodiversity and Conservation (KEI). T.-Y. Moon (ed.), Korean Entomological Institute, Seoul.

Salvaging more from the sinking Ark.
Williams, P. H.
Pages 30-31 in: Annual Report for Science 1992. The Natural History Museum, London.

Mongolian bumble bee survey.
Williams, P. H. & Seddon, A.
In Raleigh International Mongolia 92D Expedition: June-August 1992 Preliminary Scientific Reports. Raleigh International, London. 6 pp.

Measuring biodiversity for choosing conservation areas.
Williams, P. H., Vane-Wright, R. I. & Humphries, C. J.
Pages 309-328 in: Hymenoptera and biodiversity. J. LaSalle & I. Gauld (eds), CABI, Wallingford.

1992

Systematic evaluation of the global network of protected areas: objectives, alternatives, prospects and proposals.
Humphries, C. J. & Vane-Wright, R. I.
Abstract and draft papers presented at the IVth World Congress on National parks and Protected Areas, Caracas. IUCN, Gland.

Systematics and the global biodiversity strategy.
Vane-Wright, R. I.
Antenna, London, 16: 49-56.

Collections and systematics.
Vane-Wright, R. I. & Cranston, P. S.
Australian Biologist, 5: 14-18.

WORLDMAP - priority areas for biodiversity. Using version 3.
Williams, P. H.
Privately distributed, London. 10 pp.

1991

Biodiversity reserves: setting new priorities for the conservation of wildlife.
Humphries, C. J., Vane-Wright, R. I. & Williams, P. H.
Parks, 2: 34-38.

What to protect? - Systematics and the agony of choice.
Vane-Wright, R. I., Humphries, C. J. & Williams, P. H.
Biological Conservation, 55: 235-254.

The bumble bees of the Kashmir Himalaya (Hymenoptera: Apidae, Bombini).
Williams, P. H.
Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History), Entomology, 60(1): 1-204.
1 plate, 439 figs, 62 maps.

Afrotropical antelopes - priority areas for biodiversity. Progress report.
Williams, P. H.
Privately distributed, London. 4 pp.

Measuring biodiversity: taxonomic relatedness for conservation priorities.
Williams, P. H., Humphries, C. J. & Vane-Wright, R. I.
Australian Systematic Botany, 4: 665-679. 1989 Bumble bees and their decline in Britain.
Williams, P. H.
Central Association of Bee-Keepers, Ilford.  15 pp.