Back to: Projects

Butterflies and Moths of the World Generic Names and their Type-species

Genus details

Search again

Genus:
Phalaena Linnaeus, 1758 . Systema Naturae (Edn 10) 1 : 495.    [BHLBHL]

Status:
Suppressed Name

Homonyms: 1

Higher classification:
NOCTUOIDEA : NOCTUIDAE : NOCTUINAE

Type-species:
Phalaena typica Linnaeus, 1758. Systema Naturae (Edn 10), 1: 518. [(under the Code, Articles 67(b) and 68(b))]    [BHLBHL]

Type-species designation:
by indication, under the Code, Articles 67(b) and 68(c) .

Type specimens:
Type EUROPE: Locality unknown, (LS, London)..

Notes:
Nye (1975) stated:-

Phalaena was suppressed for the purposes of the Law of Priority but not for those of the Law of Homonymy, by Int. Commn zool. Nom., 1957, Opin. Decl. int. Commn zool. Nom. 15 Opinion 450:253. Placed on the Official Index of Rejected and Invalid Generic names in Zoology: Name No. 850.

Phalaena was used by Linnaeus to included all the Heterocera except for the Sphingidae. When supressed in Opinion 450, Phalaena was replaced by the following Linnaean subgenera, upgraded to genera:

Alucita L., 1758, - Alucitidae
Attacus L., 1767. - Saturniidae
Bombyx L., 1758 - Bombycidae
Geometra L., 1758, - Geometridae
Noctua L., 1758 , - Noctuidae
Pyralis L., 1758, - Pyralidae
Tinea L., 1758, - Tineidae
Tortrix L., 1758, - Tortricidae.

Fletcher (1979) stated:-

Phalaena was suppressed for the purposes of the Law of Priority, but not for those of the Law of Homonymy, by Int. Commn zool. Nom., 1957, Opin. Decl. int. Commn zool. Nom. 15 Opinion 450: 253. Placed on the Official Index of Rejected and invalid Generic Names in Zoology with Name No. 850.

Phalaena was used by Linnaeus to included all Heterocera except the Sphingidae, and has been used by several older authors as the original generic name for species which are now in the Geometridae.

Watson, Fletcher & Nye (1980), Fletcher & Nye (1984) and Nye & Fletcher (1991) stated:-

Phalaena was suppressed for the purposes of the Principle of Priority, but not for Principle of Homonymy, by the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature, 1957, Opin. Decl. int. Commn zool. Nom. 15 (Opinion 450): 253; it was placed on the Official Index of Rejected and Invalid Generic Names in Zoology: Name No.850.

Phalaena was used by Linnaeus to included all Heterocera except the Sphingidae, and has been used as the original generic name for species placed in the families included in this catalogue.

Learn more about Noctuidae in Wikipedia

Senior name:
Naenia Stephens, 1827: 243.


Submit correction/addition