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Help: Searching the catalogue

Contents

Introduction

You may search the catalogue in a number of ways. The more specific your search the quicker, it will be executed.

All searches allow you to specify the search criteria and the order in which you would like the results to be sorted.

Dialogue boxes allow you to type-in the text for which you wish to search, and each has its own drop-down list of search criteria. You may type in as many or as few partial or complete text strings into the appropriate dialogue boxes as you choose, but you must include at least one character in at least one of the dialogue boxes before submitting your search. It does not matter if you use upper or lower case.

There is currently a limit on the number of records returned in response to a search (of about 3,000). If you need a list of any of the larger superfamilies or families, eg Noctuoidea, Noctuidae, Geometroidea, Geometridae or Pyraloidea, then run an initial query on the superfamily or family and make a note of the first letter in the last genus-group name in the returned list. Subsequently run addiitonal queries by selecting the same superfamily or family and type the first letter of the last genus-group name in the 'Genus' field set to 'starts with'. Repeat the query using Genus 'starts with' for each remaining letter of the alphabet.

Search criteria

When entering text in any dialogue box, you have the option to search for text 'starts with', 'equals', 'contains' or 'ends with' from a drop down list by clicking the down arrow adjacent to the appropriate dialogue box.

Sort order

When specifying the sort order in which you would like the results displayed you have the option to select 'Genus', 'Author', 'Year' or 'Family' from a drop-down list by clicking the down arrow adjacent to the 'Sort by' dialogue box.

Superfamily search

To search for all genus-group names in the catalogue assigned to a particular superfamily, click on the down arrow adjacent to the 'Superfamily' dialogue box and select a superfamily from the alphabetical list. Releasing the mouse button will initiate a search for all genus-gorup names in the catalogue. However, for larger superfamilies, only the first 3,000 genus-group names will be returned, due to limitations of the server generating the results (see above).

Only 17 names have not been assigned to a superfamily, owing to a lack of information about them. The superfamily category 'Superfamily unassigned' has therefore been included in the alphabetical list.

The results of your customised search are displayed initially in a list of genus-group names (along with family, author, year and page) which match your search criteria. If necessary, you may scroll through this list using the vertical scroll bar on the right-hand side of the page.

Clicking on one of the genus-group names in the list initiates a further search and returns specific information about your chosen genus-group name.

Family search

To search for all genus-group names in the catalogue assigned to a particular family, type the family name into the 'Family' dialogue box, select 'equals' by clicking on the down arrow adjacent to the 'Family' dialogue box and then click the 'Search' button. However, for larger families, only the first 3,000 genus-group names will be returned, due to limitations of the server generating the results (see above).

If you are unsure which family names have been used or how they have been spelt in the catalogue you can use the 'Browse : Families' option.

The results of your customised search are displayed initially in a list of genus-group names (along with family, author year and page) which match your search criteria. If necessary, you may scroll through this list using the vertical scroll bar on the right-hand side of the page.

Clicking on one of the genus-group names in the list initiates a further search and returns specific information about your chosen genus-group name.

Subfamily search

To search for all genus-group names in the catalogue assigned to a particular subfamily, type the subfamily name into the 'Subfamily' dialogue box, select 'equals' by clicking on the down arrow adjacent to the 'Subfamily' dialogue box and then click the 'Search' button. However, for larger subfamilies, only the first 3,000 genus-group names will be returned, due to limitations of the server generating the results (see above).

Not all genus-group names are currently assigned to a subfamily. In those cases we have used the expression 'Subfamily unassigned'. To query the database for these unassigned genus-group names, type in 'Subfamily unassigned'

The results of your customised search are displayed initially in a list of genus-group names (along with family, author, year and page) which match your search criteria. If necessary, you may scroll through this list using the vertical scroll bar on the right-hand side of the page.

Clicking on one of the genus-group names in the list initiates a further search and returns specific information about your chosen genus-group name, including higher classification.

Tribe search (currently butterflies and hawkmoths only, where relevant)

To search for all genus-group names in the catalogue assigned to a particular tribe, type the tribe name into the 'Tribe' dialogue box, select 'equals' by clicking on the down arrow adjacent to the 'Tribe' dialogue box and then click the 'Search' button. However, for larger tribes, only the first 3,000 genus-group names will be returned, due to limitations of the server generating the results (see above).

Not all genus-group names are currently assigned to a tribe. In those cases we have used the expression 'Tribe unassigned'. To query the database for these unassigned genus-group names, type in 'Tribe unassigned'

The results of your customised search are displayed initially in a list of genus-group names (along with family, author, year and page) which match your search criteria. If necessary, you may scroll through this list using the vertical scroll bar on the right-hand side of the page.

Clicking on one of the genus-group names in the list initiates a further search and returns specific information about your chosen genus-group name, including higher classification.

Subtribe search (currently butterflies and hawkmoths only, where relevant)

To search for all genus-group names in the catalogue assigned to a particular subtribe, type the subfamily name into the 'Subtribe' dialogue box, select 'equals' by clicking on the down arrow adjacent to the 'Subtribe' dialogue box and then click the 'Search' button. However, for larger subtribes, only the first 3,000 genus-group names will be returned, due to limitations of the server generating the results (see above).

Not all genus-group names are currently assigned to a subtribe. In those cases we have used the expression 'Subtribe unassigned'. To query the database for these unassigned genus-group names, type in 'Subtribe unassigned'

The results of your customised search are displayed initially in a list of genus-group names (along with family, author, year and page) which match your search criteria. If necessary, you may scroll through this list using the vertical scroll bar on the right-hand side of the page.

Clicking on one of the genus-group names in the list initiates a further search and returns specific information about your chosen genus-group name, including higher classification.

Genus search

If you know the genus-group you want to search for, type the name into the 'Genus' dialogue box and select 'equals' by clicking the down arrow adjacent to the 'Genus' dialogue box before clicking on the 'Search' button.

If you are unsure of the exact spelling of the name, then type in as many characters as you know and select either 'starts with' (the default), 'contains' or 'ends with', as appropriate, before clicking the 'Search' button.

The results of your customised search are displayed initially in a list of genus-group names (along with family, author, year and page). If necessary, you may scroll through this list using the vertical scroll bar on the right-hand side of the page.

Clicking on one of the genus-group names in the list initiates a further search and returns specific information about your chosen genus-group name.

Author search

To search for all of the genus-group names described or attributed to a particular author, type the author's name in the 'Author' dialogue box. The default search option 'starts with' would return all of the names described or attributed to the author you have entered plus any described or attributed to that author as senior author in a joint publication. If you wish to restrict your search to only those names described or attributed to the author but excluding those in joint publications, then you should select 'equals' by clicking the down arrow adjacent to the 'Author' dialogue box before submitting your search.

If unsure of the exact spelling of an author's name, type in as many characters as you know and click on the down arrow adjacent to the 'Author' dialogue box and select either 'starts with' (the default) or 'contains' before submitting your search. Alternatively use the 'Browse : Authors' option.

The results of your customised search are displayed initially in a list of genus-group names (along with family, author, year and page). If necessary, you may scroll through this list using the vertical scroll bar on the right-hand side of the page.

Clicking on one of the genus-group names in the list initiates a further search and returns specific information about your chosen genus-group name.

Year search

To search for all of the genus-group names described in a particular year, type it into the 'Year' dialogue box. The search options 'starts with', 'equals', 'contains' or 'ends with' will return all the relevant genus-group names.

The results of your customised search are displayed initially in a list of genus-group names (along with family, author, year and page) which match your search criteria. If necessary, you may scroll through this list using the vertical scroll bar on the right-hand side of the page.

Clicking on one of the genus-group names in the list initiates a further search and returns specific information about your chosen genus-group name.

To search for all genus-group names in the catalogue in a particular decade just type in the first three digits of the year, checking the search criterion is set to 'starts with' (the default), before submitting your search. Similarly, to search for all genus-group names in a particular century, just type in the first two digits of the year.

Type-species search

To search for a type-species, type at least one letter of the name of the type-species in the 'Type-species' dialogue box on the 'Search for a type-species' page.

The results of your customised search are displayed initially in a list of type-species (along with the current genus, original genus, author, year and page) which match your search criteria. If necessary, you may scroll through this list using the vertical scroll bar on the right-hand side of the page.

In the case of type-species of genus-group names which are objective synonyms, ie they have the same type-species, the type-species of the senior name and all its junior objective synonyms will be displayed in the list.

Clicking on any one of the type-species in the list initiates a further search and returns further information about your chosen type-species.

Results

The results of your customised search are displayed initially in a list of genus-group names (along with family, author, year and page) which match your search criteria. If necessary, you may scroll through this list using the vertical scroll bar on the right-hand side of the page.

Clicking on one of the genus-group names in the list initiates a further search and returns specific information about your chosen genus-group name.

The final results include all of the information about the genus-group name included in this catalogue. The results are split into a number of boxes (labelled in green), which always include a 'Genus' box with the name, author, year of publication, publication, volume, series, part and page(s).

The status, family and subfamily, and number of homonyms are displayed in three boxes labelled 'Status', 'Family & subfamily' and 'Homonyms' respectively.

If a type-species has been designated, the relevant information about it is displayed in a 'Type-species' box and the method of designation and reference in a 'Type-species designation' box. Basic information about type material of the type-species is displayed in a 'Type specimens' box. This includes the depository in parentheses (where known) following the reference to the type-designation.

Where relevant, notes about the genus-group name are displayed in a 'Notes' box.

If the name has a senior name then this is displayed in a 'Senior name' box. Each senior name has a hyperlink. Clicking a senior name will initiate another search and return the appropriate catalogue entry.

If the name has a junior name then this is displayed in a 'Junior name(s)' box. Each junior name has a hyperlink. Clicking a junior name will initiate another search and return the appropriate catalogue entry.

Corrections and additions

If you notice any errors or omissions, the senior author would be extremely grateful if you would notify him. Click on the 'Submit correction/addition' hyperlink below the search results boxes to launch your default mail program and create an email addressed ready for you to type in your correction or addition. Once you have sent the email, minimise or close your mail program to return to the catalogue.

Submit correction/addition

Last updated 28-Jul-2004 Dr B R Pitkin