Roman-era skulls show far less gum disease than modern Brits, due to the invention of smoking and the rise in diabetes.
The world's oldest vertebrate sex organs, found in 385-million-year-old fish, prove sex is a lot older than we thought.
The lifestyles of extinct marine crocs mirror those of today's living groups.
A new technique for producing cells from butterflies and beetles could pave the way for paint colours that never fade.
The first complete Greenland shark specimen has been preserved for research at the Museum after washing up on a Northumberland beach last autumn.
Accurate dating of 40 sites across Europe shows that Neanderthals and humans overlapped by as much as 5,400 years.
Microscopic particles brought back to Earth by the Stardust mission are likely the first examples of interstellar dust.
Lunar meteorites reveal the diverse composition of the Moon's crust, contrary to a theory based on Apollo samples.
New evidence from primitive plants and beetles shows how the evolution of flowering plants caused a boom in land-based life.
One of the earliest examples of dinosaurs living in herds has been found in a remote region of Venezuela.
Contrary to previous suggestions, most dinosaurs were likely not declining before the impact wiped them out entirely.
In a rare case of internal differences between the sexes, the males of one fish genus have a swimbladder up to 98 times the volume of the females'.
Spectacular fossil brain discovery leads to rethink of the evolution of arthropods
DNA analysis of 30 hairs attributed to yetis and other 'anomalous primates' reveals no unknown species.
Deep-diving birds emerge from water nearly dry using a trick that could be copied in new fabrics.
A treasure trove of important human fossils missing for decades has been identified among the Museum’s collections.
Scientists ask the public to look out for a new alien pest after the first sightings in Britain.
A microscopic marine animal thought to have died out four million years ago has been found living in seas around New Zealand.
Tooth of ferocious marine reptile is largest of its kind found in the UK.
NASA's chief scientist tells the European Lunar Symposium that people on the surface of the red planet is the Agency's 'primary mission'.
Debut of baby mammoth specimen proves well worth the wait.
Created by Museum botanists, Leafsnap UK helps users match leaves to their trees.
Museum scientists identify the 200th caecilian, a weird and wonderful group of little-known amphibians.
New research into lion genes could help scientists boost numbers.
Exceptional preservation reveals a 520-million-year-old cardiovascular system.
At 20.30 this Saturday 29 March, the Museum will go dark in support of a worldwide environmental campaign.
Document found in Museum's archive suggests the river blenny was wiped out on Cyprus.
Scientists discover that a reportedly lungless amphibian that overturned an evolutionary theory actually has a lung and working nostrils.
Evolution in action as small fish in a big pond lose out.
New ancient animal species uncovered in Canadian Rockies.
Museum scans of 3.9-billion-year-old Apollo Moon rock could expose new insights into the Moon's geological history.
Clues to early human existence revealed during ongoing excavation of Happisburgh archaeological site.
Breeding with Neanderthals allowed our ancestors to better cope with European winters, but also passed on diseases we suffer today.
As the new Volcanoes and Earthquakes gallery prepares to blast open, Museum volcanologist talks about predicting disasters and exploring off limits on the slopes of volcanoes.
Mystery beaver spotted in Devon could be the first wild case recorded in England since they were hunted to extinction.
Dr Mark Spencer gives evidence to Parliamentary committee on environmental impact of invasive non-native species.
Search for Earth's building blocks heats up as Rosetta nears its target.
Lobster discovered in South African waters named after the country's remarkable leader.
Research suggests tooth decay was prevalent in earlier human societies.
Unseen toxic stream of plastic flows below Thames surface.