Tortricidae is a distinctive family of moths containing more than 10,000 described species.

Many species have well camouflaged wings, that resemble:

  • leaves
  • a fragments of bark 
  • bird droppings
Mexican jumping bean

'Mexican jumping beans', with Tortricidae larvae inside.

Many species are of economic importance as they are common pests of:

  • fruit
  • plantation trees
  • nut and pod crops

A Tortricidae species is responsible for the famous ‘Mexican jumping beans’ whose larva lives within seeds and makes them appear to jump.

About the name

Tortricidae are known as 'Bell moths', after the shape created by their wings when at rest. They are also called 'Leafroller moths' because in many species the larva will roll up a leaf into a tube and feed on it from within.