St Helena giant earwig Labidura herculeana

Named in 1798 by the Danish zoologist Fabricus, Labidura herculeana is the world’s longest earwig species reaching up to 78mm in length including its forceps. 

It was last seen alive by members of an expedition from the Royal Museum for Central Africa, Belgium, in 1967. This expedition and an earlier one from the same museum in 1965 collected a total of 40 specimens and, sadly, the species hasn’t been found since.

The Museum looks after two of these specimens (an adult pair).