Scorpions are famous for their venomous sting but the majority of scorpions are not harmful. There are approximately 1,500 described species.

They are unique in possessing:

  • a distinctive ‘stinger’ and characteristic claw-like pincers
  • a pair of comb-like structures called pectines, which are sensory in function
  • fluorescent bodies under UV light, due to the unique structure of their exoskeleton

Nearly all species are solitary and nocturnal, and many live in burrows.

About the name

The word scorpion is derived from the Latin word scorpio.