Comparative venomics research

Current understanding of venoms is based primarily on the study of snakes, spiders, scorpions and conesnails. Our venomics research is exploring the toxins produced by rarely studied venomous taxa, using the most advanced technology.

Remipede venom apparatus

Remipede venom apparatus © Bjoern von Reumont

Recent technological advances in the study of venom peptides and proteins and their transcripts (proteomics and transcriptomics) allow us to broaden the taxonomic foundation of venomics research.

The specific goal of our research is to understand the composition, evolution and unique bioactivities of venoms in neglected taxa, principally:

  • centipedes
  • polychaete annelids such as bloodworms
  • remipede crustaceans (blind marine crustaceans)

Used in predation, defence and intraspecific competition, venoms have evolved convergently in many groups of animals.

Defining the particular mix of peptides and proteins, individually referred to as toxins, that make up a venom is the first step towards understanding a venom's biological roles and physiological effects. These can subsequently be tested with experiments using isolated venom fractions.

R Jenner
Dr Ronald Jenner

Researcher in the Crustacea Group, focusing on comparative venomics of invertebrates, higher-level animal phylogeny and body plan evolution, and conceptual and methodological problems in systematics.


Venomics is the interdisciplinary field of research dedicated to unraveling the biology, evolution, and potential applied uses (such as drug development) of venom components.

Describes the effects of a substance on living matter. 

Project staff