We research the unusual colonial life of bryozoans, their involvement in fish disease, and the impact of climate change on them.
Bryozoans grow as colonies that spread across surfaces in both freshwater and marine habitats.
Their unique life cycle promotes the development of parasites, which then infect other hosts, such as wild and farmed salmon and trout populations.
Bryozoans can also be used as indicators of environmental change, from ocean temperature and acidification to the impact of eutrophication (nutrient overload) on freshwater systems.
Our research on bryozoans includes:
See how some bryozoans cause deadly diseases in salmon and trout.
Discover native British bryozoans and what we are still learning about them.
Explore how parasites have evolved to exploit colonial bryozoan hosts.
Find out how accelerating environmental change is affecting bryozoan communities.
Meet bryozoans living in extreme polar conditions, and see how climate change is affecting them.
Merit Researcher in the Bryozoa Group, focusing on the ecology and evolution of bryozoans and their myxozoan parasites.
Senior Curator (Bryozoa) on the Invertebrates Curation Team. Research focuses on the history and biodiversity of marine bryozoans and the preservation, maintenance and conservation of invertebrate collections.
All genera of Bryozoa except one are colonial. Bryozoan colonies are made up of individual animals called zooids that are genetically identical and physiologically connected. They are largely stationary, although some colonies can creep slowly on muscular feet or by using highly-modified spiny zooids as legs!