Stromboli volcano

Volcanologists are investigating the dynamics of explosive eruptions at Stromboli volcano, Italy, with a particular focus on its last 5,000 years of activity.

Stromboli is one of the most active volcanoes in the Mediterranean. Potential threats from its activity include large paroxysms, or lava fountains, and tsunamis.

Present-day volcanic activity at Stromboli is characterised by a steady-state magma system. To infer the possible future evolution of the volcano's magma system we need to understand when and how this steady-state activity was established and how long it will last. 

Research aims

The project aims to unravel timescales of crystal residence in order to evaluate:

  • changes in the chemical and physical conditions of the Stromboli magma reservoir with time
  • the role of open-system processes in triggering explosive eruptions

Project staff

Dr Chiara Petrone
The Natural History Museum

Lorella Francalanci
Universita’ degli Studi di Firenze, Italy

Eleonora Braschi
Istituto di Geoscienze e Georisorse, CNR, Firenze, Italy


Crystal residence times
The length of time between crystals forming in a magma chamber and being removed, usually by an eruption.

Steady-state magma system
A magma chamber that experiences continuous eruption and crystallisation but is replenished at a constant rate and maintains a stable composition.