In addition to substantial British holdings, the Natural History Museum cares for fossil mammal material from around the world.
Our holdings from Australia include several early pioneering collections. This material was described by Richard Owen and is particularly rich in early type and figured specimens.
Our South American holdings were assembled during the 19th century and include:
One of the more significant highlights is the early collection from the Mylodon Cave at Ultima Esperanza in southern Chile.
The Pleistocene collections are rich in ground sloth specimens. There is also a very diverse collection from the Tertiary of southern Argentina.
This relatively small collection of North American material includes:
The collection has been greatly enhanced with casts of Tertiary specimens made by Jerry Hooker while on research trips to the USA.
Our holdings of African material are rich and diverse. They incorporate:
Professor RJG Savage's research collections from the Miocene of Libya, recently assilimilated into the collections, are a major new resource.
Our Asian holdings are quite large. The principal collection comes from the Siwalik Hills in northern India and was assembled by Hugh Falconer and Proby T Cautley. It is particularly rich in the remains of large mammals, most notably the Proboscidea, and contains much of the material described in Fauna Antiqua Sivilensis.
There are also important holdings from:
Our European material is generally old and quite diverse. There are many important collections, particularly of Tertiary material.
We care for a very diverse collection of global Mesozoic mammals.