Palaeozoic amphibians

There are numerous Palaeozoic highlights in the fossil amphibian collection at the Natural History Museum.

Carboniferous material

British Carboniferous material in the collection includes:

  • the only 3D skull of a baphetid
  • the most complete specimen of the stem-tetrapod Crassigyrinus
  • several specimens of the earliest temnospondyl, Balanerpeton, from East Kirkton, Scotland

The collection also includes significant Carboniferous material from:

  • Jarrow, Ireland, including the type specimen of Procochleosaurus
  • Joggins, Nova Scotia, including the type specimens of 
    • Dendrerpeton
    • Trachystegos
  • Linton, Ohio, including many figured specimens

Permian material

Early Permian material from Germany includes:

  • about 20 Archegosaurus-bearing concretions from Lebach
  • a collection of temnospondyls from Odernheim-am-Glan, Germany, donated by Herman Credner. The specimen of Apateon pedestris from Niederhäslich shows soft tissue preservation and form.

Permo-Triassic material

As a result of early collecting in the British Empire in the 19th century, the collection includes a range of significant Permo-Triassic temnospondyl amphibians from:

  • the Karroo of South Africa, including the type specimens of
    • Batrachosuchus
    • Lydekkerina
    • Rhytidosteus
    • Micropholis
  • India, including the type specimen of Brachyops
  • Australia, including the type specimens of 
    • Bothriceps
    • Trucheosaurus
    • Paracyclotosaurus

Using palaeontology collections