Evidence from laboratory experiments (Kuffner et al. 2008) indicates that elevated seawater carbon dioxide concentrations significantly inhibit recruitment and growth rates of coralline algae. Given that coralline algae species are major structural and ecological components of benthic communities, ocean acidification may have detrimental impacts on these habitats (Brodie et al., 2009).
The UK coralline algae collection at the Natural History Museum is well suited for research into biotic response to environmental change, including potentially ocean acidification, due to:
Specimens date back to 1856 and the latest specimens in the collection are from recent fieldwork in 2013.
Cryptogamic Herbarium at the Natural History Museum, London.
Approximately 45% of the UK marine algae collections (estimated at around 75,000 specimens) have now been databased; around 3,500 are coralline species.
Specimen-level British coralline algae collection database Excel (826.0 KB)
For most species, occurrence maps and summaries of temporal sampling effort are available.