Ms Pat Wolseley

Pat Wolsey
  • Scientific Associate
  • Life Sciences department
  • Genomics and Microbial Biodiversity Division
Natural History Museum
Cromwell Road


Nationality            British
Year of Birth        1938
Profession           Botanist, The Natural History Museum
Specialisation     Lichenologist, environmental surveys, monitoring, indicators of environmental quality

Expertise and Interests 

Lichens as bioindicators of Pollution and Environmental Change in Britain and South-east Asia. Assisted with the development of the national monitoring scheme on the effects of acid rain on lichens. Initiated the first lichen survey at Ty Canol, Wales, and completed subsequent monitoring programmes. Initiated use of lichens as indicators of environmental change in tropical forests of Thailand. Piloted the use of lichen monitoring to assess effects of logging on biodiversity in tropical forests, Malaysia and Indonesia. Organised workshops in UK and in tropical countries on Lichens and monitoring lichens.  

Lichen Monitoring and  Conservation       

Biodiversity assessment and conservation of lichens in UK and tropics. Assessment of sustainable management of tropical and temperate forests. Production of checklists of lichenised fungi of Thailand, Malaysia and Sri Lanka.

Field experience 

Great Britain and Europe, Iceland, Malta, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia and Sri Lanka.

Education and Professional Status

1957 - 1960     MA Honours Botany, Oxford.
1979 - 1980     PGCE. Roehampton College of Higher Education

Employment history

1995 - present             Scientific Associate at the Natural History Museum, London

1990 - 1994                 Leverhulme Research Fellow, NHM, London

1966 - 1977                 Royal University of Malta

1965 - 1966                 The Natural History Museum, Visitor Resource Centre

1960 - 1964                 The Natural History Museum, Exhibition Section

Professional Roles


2008-10         Imperial College – Air quality survey literature, sampling methodology 
                        and analysis of data.

2006-10         Peradeniya University and Royal Botanic Gardens , Peradeniya, Sri Lanka. 
                        Workshops and collaboration in research projects in Horton Plains and Knuckles 
                        Range. Supervising 2 PhD students.

2003-2010     CEH Edinburgh: Lichen research, training and report for CEH Edinburgh 
                        (Leith et al. 2005). 
                        Supervise a PhD student at CEH.

2002-5           Chiang Mai University Thailand - training workshop for lichenologists, 
                        and setting up research programme on lichens as indicators of pollution. 
                        Contributed papers to Flora Malesiana symposia.

Public outreach

Residential courses on lichens for Field Studies Council (FSC).
Field meetings and workshops for the British Lichen Society.
OPAL project preparation of web pages, training of community scientists, public  interaction at a range of locations in England.
Contribute to Darwin live sessions at NHM.

Committees and appointments

Member and ex president of the British Lichen Society
Member of the International Association for Lichenology
Member of FSC Aids to the Identification of Difficult Groups of Animals and Plants (AIDGAP) panel of experts
Former Trustee of Silvanus Trust


South East Asia         Collection and identification of lichens from Thailand, 
                                       Malaysia and Indonesia
                                       Identification of backlog material from SE Asia


Selected Publications List
Professional books:  10
Popular books:  2
Number of peer-reviewed papers:  54
Number of commissioned reports: 28
Number of communications to scientific meetings: c. 40

Wolseley, P.A., Leith, I.D., Van Dijk, N. & Sutton, M.A. (2009). Macrolichens on twigs and trunks as indicators of Ammonia Concebntrations across the UK – a practical method. In Sutton, M.A., Reis, S. & Baker, S.M.H. (eds) Atmospheric Ammonia – detecting emission changes and environmental impacts. Springer Science pp. 101-108.

Sutton, M.A., Wolseley, P.A., Leith, I.D., Van Dijk, N., James, P.W., Theobald, M.R. & Whitfield, C. (2009). Estimation of Ammonia critical level for epiphytic lichens based on observations at the farm, landscape and national scales. In Sutton, M.A., Reis, S. & Baker, S.M.H. (eds) Atmospheric Ammonia– detecting emission changes and environmental impacts. Springer Science pp. 71-86

Bergamini, A., Scheidegger, C., Stofer, S., Carvalho, P., Davey, S., Dietrich, M., Dubs, F., Farkas, E., Groner, U., Karkkainen, K., Keller, C., Lokos, L., Lommi, S., Maguas, C., Mitchell, R., Pinho, P., Rico, V.J., Aragon, G., Truscott, A.M., Wolseley, P. & Watt, A. (2005) Performance of macrolichens and lichen genera as indicators of lichen species richness and composition. Conservation Biology 19(4): 1051-1062.

Smith, C.W., Aptroot, A., Coppins, B.J., Fletcher, A., Gilbert, O.L., James, P.W. & Wolseley, P. A.  (eds.) (2009)1 The Lichens of Great Britain and Ireland. British Lichen Society, London: 1046pp.

Wolseley, P. A.  & Aptroot, A. (2009). The lichen genera Cryptothecia and Stirtonia in northern Thailand. - In: A. Aptroot, M. R. D. Seaward and L. B. Sparrius (eds.): Biodiversity and Ecology of Lichens. Liber Amicorum Harrie Sipman. Bibliotheca Lichenologica 99. J. Cramer in der Gebrüder Borntraeger Verlagsbuchhandlung, Berlin-Stuttgart, pp. 411-422.

Wolseley, P. A.  &  Hawksworth, D.L. (2009). Adaptations of lichens to conditions in tropical forests of South-East Asia and their taxonomic implications. - Blumea 54(1-3): 29-32.

Jørgensen, P.M. & Wolseley, P.A. (2009). Leioderma sorediatum D. J. Galloway & P. M. Jørg. discovered in Thailand, with a note on the world distribution of Erioderma mollissimum (Sampaio) Du Rietz. - Lichenologist 41(3): 315-316.

Larsen Vilsholm, R., Wolseley, P.A., Søchting, U.  & Chimonides, J. (2009). Biomonitoring with lichens on twigs. - Lichenologist 41(2): 189-202.

Wolseley, P., Ellis, L., Chimonides, J. (2007). Corticolous lichen and moss communities in lowland dipterocarp forests under differing management regimes. - In: Kärnefelt, I.; Thell, A.: Lichenological Contributions in Honour of David Galloway. Bibliotheca Lichenologica 95. J. Cramer in der Gebrüder Borntraeger Verlagsbuchhandlung, Berlin-Stuttgart, pp. 583-603.

Saipunkaew, W., Wolseley, P., Chimonides, J. & Boonpragob, K. (2007). Epiphytic macrolichens as indicators of environmental alternation in northern Thailand. - Environmental Pollution 146(2): 366-374.

Aptroot, A., Saipunkaew. W., Sipman, H.J.M., Sparrius, L.B. & Wolseley, P.A. (2007) New Lichens from Thailand, mainly microlichens from Chiang Mai Province. Fungal Diversity 24: 75-134.

Wolseley, P. A., Stofer, S., Mitchell, A.-M., Vanbergen, A., Chimonides, J. & Scheidegger, C. (2006). Variation of lichen communities with landuse in Aberdeenshire, UK. - Lichenologist 38(4): 307-322.

Stofer, S., Bergamini, A., Aragón, G., Carvalho, P., Coppins, B. J., Davey, S., Dietrich, M., Farkas, E., Kärkkäinen, K., Keller, C., Lökös, L., Lommi, S., Máguas, C., Mitchell, R., Pinho, P., Rico, V. J., Truscott, A.-M., Wolseley, P. A., Watt, A. & Scheidegger, C. (2006). Species richness of lichen functional groups in relation to land use intensity. - Lichenologist 38(4): 331-353.

Wolseley, P.A., James, P.W., Theobald, M.R. & Sutton, M.A. (2006). Detecting changes in epiphytic lichen communities at sites affected by atmospheric ammonia from agricultural sources. The Lichenologist 38:161-176.

Leith, I.D., van Dijk, N., Pitcairn, C.E.R., Wolseley, P.A., Whitfield, C.P. & Sutton, M.A. (2005). Biomonitoring methods for assessing the impacts of nitrogen pollution: refinement and testing. Joint Nature Conservation Committee Report No. 386. Peterborough, UK. 290 pp.

Sparrius, L. B., Saipunkaew, W., Wolseley, P. A., & Aptroot, A. (2006). New species of Bactrospora, Enterographa, Graphidastra and Lecanographa from northern Thailand and Vietnam. - Lichenologist 38(1): 27-36.

Wolseley, P.A., Stofer, S. Mitchell, R., Truscott, A-M., Vanbergen, A. Chimonides, J. & Scheidegger, C. (2006). Variation of lichen communities with landuse in Aberdeenshire, UK The Lichenologist 38: 307-322.

Saipunkaew, W., Wolseley, P.A. & Chimonides, J. (2005). Epiphytic lichens as indicators of environmental health in the vicinity of Chiang Mai city, Thailand. Lichenologist 37: 345-356.

Lambley, P. & Wolseley P.A. eds. (2004). Lichens in a changing pollution environment. English Nature report no. 525, Peterborough, UK. 121 pp.

Nimis, P.L., Scheidegger, C. & Wolseley, P.A., eds. (2002). Monitoring with lichens - Monitoring Lichens. Kluwer, Dordrecht: 408 pp.

Orange, A., Wolseley, P., Karunaratne, V. & Bombuwala, K. (2001). Two leprarioid lichens new to Sri Lanka. - In: McCarthy, PM/Kantvilas, G/Louwhoff, SHJJ (eds.): Lichenological Contributions in Honour of Jack Elix. Bibliotheca Lichenologica, J. Cramer, Berlin, Stuttgart, pp. 327-333.

Wolseley, P.A., Aguirre-Hudson, B. & McCarthy, P. (2002). Catalogue of the Lichens of Thailand. Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. Lond. (Bot.) 32(1): 13-59.

Wolseley, P.A. (1997). Response of epiphytic lichens to fire in tropical forests of Thailand. - In: Türk, R/Zorer, R (eds.): Progress and Problems in Lichenology in the Nineties. Bibliotheca Lichenologica, J. Cramer, Berlin, Stuttgart, pp. 165-176.

Wolseley, P.A. & James. P.W. (2000). Factors affecting changes in species of Lobaria in sites across Britain 1986-1998. Forest Snow and Landscape Research: 75: 319-338.

Wolseley, P.A. & James, P.W. (2002) Assessing changes in density and condition of lichens for species recovery programmes. - In: Nimis, P.L.,Scheidegger,, C. Wolseley, P.A. (eds.): Monitoring with Lichens - Monitoring Lichens. Nato Science Series. IV. Earth and Environmental Sciences, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, pp. 391-393.

Wolseley, P.A., James, P. W., Theobald, M. R. & Sutton, M. A. (2006). Detecting changes in epiphytic lichen communities at sites affected by atmospheric ammonia from agricultural sources. - Lichenologist 38(2): 161-176.

Wolseley, P.A. & Pryor, K.V. (1999). The potential of epiphytic twig communities on Quercus petraea in a welsh woodland site (Tycanol) for evaluating environmental changes. - Lichenologist 31(1): 41-61.

Wolseley, P.A. & Aguirre-Hudson, B. (1997). Fire in tropical dry forests: corticolous lichens as indicators of recent ecological changes in Thailand. - Journal of Biogeography 24: 345-362.

Web publications:
OPAL Air survey:
Key to Lichens on twigs:
Key to Nature Lichens: