Dr Chris Lyal FRES, FZS

Chris Lyal
  • Researcher, Entomology
  • Life Sciences department
  • Insects
Natural History Museum
Cromwell Road
London
SW7 5BD

Research

Weevil taxonomy, morphology and morphology (Coleoptera: Curculionoidea)

Phylogeny and classification of Molytinae and Cryptorhynchinae. 

The project will clarify the identity of the tribes and subtribes of these two subfamilies, as well as determine whether they and their subtaxa are truly monophyletic.  Currently most of the taxa included cannot be easily distinguished, and the largest groups, the Cryptorhynchina and Tylodina, are both almost certainly paraphyletic or polyphyletic.  The work includes functional morphology, with the aim of identifying homologies (Lyal, 1995; Lyal & King, 1996; Lyal et al, 2006).

Weevil host relationships: seed-predation. 

Much of the work is concentrated on tropical forest trees. The main areas of interest are the systematics and co-evolution of weevils on the oriental tree family Dipterocarpaceae.   Work was recently completed with Sara Pinzon (as a PhD student) in Panama using DNA barcoding to link larval and adult forms and allow more detailed understanding of insect-seed associations and biology.  This has led to papers on DNA taxonomy and a greater understanding of its use in investigating biodiversity.

Insects feeding on tropical forest seeds

Nomenclature and species cataloguing. 

Construction of a species-level catalogue of the ca.70,000 weevil species known, following successful completion of a catalogue to family-group and genus-group names in the superfamily (Alonso-Zarazaga & Lyal, 1999, 2002; Lyal & Alonso-Zarazaga 2006). The database currently holds some 100,000 names and is one of the 4 largest accessible through Species 2000.  Following a first pass to acquire content from secondary sources we are now checking all citations against the original reference to ensure correct orthography and Code compliance.  My main collaborator is Miguel Alonso-Zarazaga of MNCN, Madrid.  See 

WTAXA - the World Electronic Catalogue of Weevil Names

Increasing access to taxonomic information

INOTAXA – Integrated Open Taxonomic Access. 

The project aim is to enhance the availability of taxonomic and related biodiversity information through digitizing published taxonomic literature and creating a means of searching it. ‘INOTAXA’ is the result - a powerful interface to enable search and browse of taxonomic literature marked up in an XML script, taXMLit, developed as part of the project. The project also digitized our major test publication, the Biologia Centrali-Americana, My main collaborator on this project is Dr Anna Weitzman, NMNH, Washington. 

INOTAXA

The Electronic Biologia Centrali-Americana

The latest version of the taXMLittaXMLit vn5-03 OCTET-STREAM (588.9 KB)

Weevil scratchpad

The weevil community, meeting at the Brisbane International Congress of Entomology, asked for a web 'home' where they could discuss weevil taxonomy, systematics, morphology and other matters of interest.  This is now created as one of the EDIT 'scratchpads',  

The Weevil Community Website

Grants and consultancies

  • 2012, SCBD (from EU funds).  Holding Technical Workshop for GIASIPartnership; developing GIASIPartnership Gateway (£32,000)

  • 2009 – 424Life, a Scientific Data Infrastructures Project of the European Commission's e-Infrastructure Programme, to build the Catalogue of Life
  • 2008 - JISC, to improve OCR of taxonomic texts (with Open University)
  • 2005 – DEFRA, Biodiversity Needs Assessment for Invasive Alien Species (with BioNET-INTERNATIONAL)
  • 2005 – DEFRA, Biodiversity Needs Assessment in Ghana (with BioNET-INTERNATIONAL)
  • 2004 – Royal Society, Conference grant (International Congress of Entomology)
  • 2003 – Global Biodiversity Information Facility, to support preparation and web-enabling of catalogue of weevils (with CSIC, Spain)
  • 2002 - Atherton Seidell Endowment Fund, to support INOTAXA project (with Smithsonian Institution)
  • 2002 – Ministerio de Ciencia y Technologica, Spain, to support preparation of species catalogue of weevils (Curculionoidea) (with CSIC, Spain)
  • 2002 – Yale University, to support work on Dipterocarp seed predation
  • 2000 – Royal Society, to support visiting researcher
  • 1998 – Participation in workshops in INBio, Costa Rica
  • 1997 – DFID, Rapid Biodiversity Assessment of insects in tropical moist forests 
  • 1994 – British Council ‘Acciones Integradas’, to support preparation of weevil catalogue (with CSIC, Spain)
  • 1993 – Nuffield Foundation, to support weevil morphology research
  • 1993 – Darwin Initiative grant to study impact of logging in Belize
  • 1992 – Raleigh International, to support field work in Brunei
  • 1990 – British Council, to investigate possibilities of Link Programme with University of Jaffna; report on entomology work in Sri Lank

Professional Roles

Access & Benefit-Sharing: non-commercial biodiversity research & the Nagoya Protocol.

As Parties to the CBD prepare to implement the Nagoya Protocol non-commercial biodiversity research bodies, particularly the large collection-holding taxonomic institutions, have to find ways of managing relevant activities.  My collaborative work includes: preparing draft of UNEP/CBD/SBSTTA/16/INF/37  “Implementation Of The Nagoya Protocol On Access And Benefit-Sharing And The Global Taxonomy Initiative”; leading NHM team addressing internal policies, processes and data management systems; working with Global Genome Biodiversity Network to develop best practice guidelines with respect to ABS and data management, and a standard MTA; working with Consortium of European Taxonomic Facilities to develop Best Practices for ABS and to meet requirements of the developing EU Regulation; advising other bodies.  Currently preparing tools to facilitate understanding of implications among taxonomic community and facilitate capacity development. I was Co-Chair of the 2011 “Expert Meeting on the Modalities of Operation of the Access and Benefit-sharing Clearing-House” in Montreal and am chair of the Informal Advisory Committee to the ABS CHM.

Global Invasive Alien Species Information Partnership

Information on all aspects of IAS is required by Parties to meet Aichi Target 9 and other issues arising from Article 8(h).  To meet this need the GIASIPartnership has been formed of information providers and the Secretariat of the CBD.  My collaborative work in this area includes leading the NHM participation, chairing the interim Steering Committee, designing, creating and managing the GIASIPartnership Information Gateway with input from technical workshops.  My contributions also draw on experience of developing a global Taxonomic Needs Assessment in the context of Invasive Alien Species.

Capacity-Building in taxonomy

Capacity building cannot be taken in isolation but tied to desired outcomes. My work with the Global Taxonomy Initiative, BioNET-INTERNATIONAL and through grants with Defra focussed on identifying needs for taxonomy among non-taxonomy stakeholders, matching those needs to existing capacity, then identifying and prioritising gaps to be filled.  I developed a toolkit to facilitate carrying out such assessments (published through BioNET and the CBD, and trialled it in Ghana.  The Ghanaian assessment was tied explicitly to a mechanism to feed results into the NBSAP to gain policy support for subsequent capacity-building. I worked with partners in many countries to develop locally owned and operated taxonomic networks.  Current work is focussed on ABS and Invasive Species.

International Initiatives

  • Global Invasive Alien Species Information Partnership: Steering Committee, 2013- present; chair, Interim Steering Committee (2012-2013)
  • Informal Advisory Committee to the Pilot Phase of the ABS Clearing House: Chair 2013 - present          
  • Member of Global Biodiversity Subcommittee (GBSC) of GECC (Defra) 2004 – 2007.
  • BioNET-INTERNATIONAL Fund Supervisory Board (member: 2004-2005; Chair: 2006-2011); Chair of Advisory Group (2006-2011)
  • Biodiversity Standards (TDWG), Member, Taxonomic Literature Standards group (2006 – )
  • Global Taxonomy Initiative (GTI): Member of Coordination Mechanism (2003 - present). UK National Focal Point (2006-present).
  • Global Invasive Species Programme (GISP): member of Global Information Management Working Group (2001 – 2003)
  • Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF): Chair of Science Sub-Committee on the Electronic Catalogue of Names (2003-2008); Member of Science Committee (2003-2008); Vice chair of Science Sub-Committee on Outreach and Capacity Building (2001 – 2003).
  • ALL-Species Foundation: Scientific Advisor (2001 – 2004)
  • Consortium for the Barcode of Life: Member, Database Working Group (2005)
  • National Biodiversity Inventory Programme of Costa Rica: Member of International Scientific Advisory Committee (1998 – 2003); Member of Coleoptera Working Group (TWIG) (1998-2003)
  • Raleigh International: Member of Research and Conservation Committee (1992 – 2000)

Societies and National Bodies

  • Royal Entomological Society: Fellow (1977-present); Member of Publications Committee (1989-1994); Member of Council (1993-1996); Vice-President (1995-1996)
  • Zoological Society of London: Scientific Fellow
  • Systematics Association: Member of Council (1985-1988; 1993-1996); Member of Meetings Committee (1993-2003)
  • Joint Committee for the Conservation of British Invertebrates: NHM representative (1990 – 1996)
  • The Entomological Club; Member, (2007- )

Advisory group meetings and workshops

  • 2013, Montreal, Canada. Informal Advisory Committee to the pilot phase of the Access and Benefit-sharing Clearing-House (Chair)
  • 2013, Brasilia, Brazil.  Brazil/EU Workshop "The role played by biological collections under the Nagoya Protocol” (invited participant)
  • 2013, Berlin, Germany. CETAF ABS Core Group workshop on responses to the EU draft Regulation on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization in the Union (co-organiser).
  • 2013, Brussels, Belgium.  MICROB3 workshop “Towards a Model Agreement on Access and Benefit Sharing for Marine Genetic Resources” Invited Participant.
  • 2013, Bonn, Germany. IUCN Seminar on Marine Genetic Resources in Areas Beyond National Jurisdiction (invited participant)
  • 2012, Oxford: GSC 14 - Genomic Standards Consortium Workshop (Oxford) (Invited participant in Bioarchiving and ABS breakout group)
  • 2012, IPBES discussion meeting, Cambridge
  • 2012, Joint workshop for discussing options for implementation of the Nagoya Protocol on Access and Benefit Sharing, Kew, 12 March 2012 (invited participant).
  • 2012, 1st Winter Summit at the Anatolia Summit (WISAS): Collaborative Projects on Tourism, Sports, Bio-Diversity and Global Changes.  Erzurum, Turkey – keynote speaker.
  • 2012,  Conference on Genetic Resources and Traditional Knowledge: Research Cooperation and Facilitated Access.  Goettingen, Germany - invited participant
  • 2011, “Building BioNET's future”(taxonomic capacity-building) Bangi, Malaysia – facilitator, co-organiser.
  • 2011: Expert Meeting on the Modalities of Operation of the Access and Benefit-sharing Clearing-House, Montreal (Co-Chair)
  • 2010, Taxonomic needs Assessment in Ghana – final workshop Co-organiser.
  • 2010, Advisory meeting on Access & Benefit-Sharing, Paris
  • 2010, 4D4L taxonomic databases meeting, Portugal
  • 2009, Project Development Workshop for the Global Taxonomy Initiative in Africa, Nairobi, Kenya. Co-organiser
  • 2009, London, e-Biosphere
  • 2009, France - TDWG Annual Conference
  • August 2008, Nomenclators workshop, Paris
  • August 2008, ZooBank workshop, Paris
  • March, 2008, Bonn, Germany. Ninth Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (representing UK)
  • October 2007, USA. TDWG meeting on standards for taxonomic literature
  • July, 2007, Paris, France. SBSTTA 13 (representing BioNET-INTERNATIONAL)
  • February 2007, Nomina 1 – Encyclopedia of Life advisory group
  • November, 2006, GTI Coordination Mechanism, Montreal
  • August 2006, Taxonomic Needs Assessment workshop, Aburri, Ghana
  • April 2006, Taxonomic Needs Assessment workshop, Accra, Ghana
  • March, 2006, ANDINONET planning workshop, Curitiba, Brazil
  • March, 2006, Curitiba, Brazil. Eighth Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (representing BioNET-INTERNATIONAL)
  • February, 2006, GBIF/FAO planning workshop on International Pollinators Initiative, Rome.
  • February, 2006, Advisory Group meeting, BioNET INTERNATIONAL, Egham (Chair)
  • April 2005, CBoL advisory group, Fort Royal, USA
  • April, 2005, GBIF Science Planning meeting, Brussels
  • October, 2004, GTI Asian Workshop, Wellington, New Zealand (facilitator)
  • April 2004, GBIF Science Planning Meeting, Oaxaca, Mexico
  • May, 2003, Washington, D.C., USA, second ‘E-type’ workshop, ALL-species Foundation (invited participant and speaker)
  • May 2003, London, UK, 2010 – The Global Biodiversity Challenge (working meeting organised by WCMC and CBD)
  • February 2003, Paris, France. Follow-up workshop to 3GTW (organiser, chair)
  • November 2002, Washington, D.C., USA, ‘E-type’ workshop, ALL-species Foundation
  • October 2002, Beltsville, USA, ‘Systematics Summit’ – international advisory group to Beltsville Agricultural Research Centre to develop a 10-year vision for systematics research in the USDA.
  • October, 2002, Formulation workshop for technical cooperation network for taxonomy in ANDEAN countries (‘ANDINONET’) (invited speaker)
  • July, 2002, Pretoria, South Africa, Scientific and Technical Advisory Group for the Outreach and Capacity Building programme of the Global Biodiversity Information Facility
  • May, 2002, Rabat, Morocco, Formulation workshop for technical cooperation network for taxonomy in North Africa (‘NAFRINET’) (invited speaker)
  • March, 2002, Sydney, Australia, Scientific and Technical Advisory Group for the Electronic Catalogue of Names programme of the Global Biodiversity Information Facility
  • March, 2002, The Hague, Holland. Sixth Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (representing SCBD)
  • February 2002, Montreal, Canada, Informal meeting on formats, protocols and standards for the improved exchange of biodiversity information.
  • February 2002, Kyoto, Japan, Open meeting on Species 2000 Asia-Oceania.
  • February 2002, Kyoto, Japan, Advisory Group on MEXT project "Initiative on Biodiversity Information Facility".
  • November 2001, Montreal, Canada, Subsidiary Body on Scientific, Technical and Technological Advice to the Conference of the Parties on the Convention on Biological Diversity (representing SCBD)
  • September 2001, Chatham House, London, workshop on ‘Implementation of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) in the UK’ (invited participant)
  • August 2001, Tokyo, Japan, Workshop on Biological Specimens and Data Management for Biodiversity Studies (DIWPA-IBOY) (Invited speaker)
  • July, 2001, DEFRA, London, scoping meeting for workshop on implementation of the Convention on Biological Diversity in the UK (invited participant)
  • July 2001, Beijing, China, Formulation Workshop for technical cooperation network for taxonomy in East Asia (EASIANET) (invited speaker)
  • May 2001, St Petersburg, Russia, Informal meeting on a BioNET- INTERNATIONAL Loop in countries of the former Soviet Union (invited speaker)
  • March 2001, Cape Town, South Africa, African Workshop on the Global Taxonomy Initiative (facilitator, SCBD)
  • March 2001, Montreal, Canada, Subsidiary Body on Scientific, Technical and Technological Advice to the Conference of the Parties on the Convention on Biological Diversity (representing SCBD)
  • February 2001, San Jose, Costa Rica, Central America Workshop on the Global Taxonomy Initiative (facilitator, SCBD)
  • November 2000, Berlin, Germany, Major Systematic Entomology Facilities Group.
  • October 2000 Amsterdam, The Netherlands, Workshop on GTI in the European Union

Editorship and editorial boards

  • Invertebrate Systematics: Associate Editor 2012-present

  • Zoological Bibliography:  Editorial Board 2010      
  • Kragujevac Journal of Science:  Editorial Board 2009                  
  • Systematic Entomology: Editor (1989 – 1994); Member of Editorial board (1994-2008)

Meetings etc

Presentations

  • Lyal, C.H.C. 2012 The role of National Museums in implementing the Convention on Biological Diversity International Conference of Natural History of Indian Biodiversity, Hyderabad, India.

  • Lyal, C.H.C., 2011, The Convention on Biological Diversity, the Global Taxonomy Initiative and managing local biodiversity. First Winter Summit at the Anatolian Summit.  Ataturk University, Erzurum.
  • David King, Alistair Willis, Anton Dil, David Morse, Chris Lyal, Dave Roberts., 2009, Automatic Biodiversity Literature Enhancement TDWG Annual Conference, Montpellier.
  • Lyal, C.H.C. & Weitzman, A.L., 2009, Maximising the potential of digitised literature-INOTAXA prototype and TDWG standards. TDWG Annual Conference, Montpellier.
  • Lyal, C.H.C. & Weitzman, A.L., 2009, INOTAXA – the next generation of using digitized taxonomic literature.  e-biosphere, London
  • Lyal, C.H.C. & Weitzman, A.L., 2008, INOTAXA: open access, easy navigation and data mining of taxonomic literature on the web. International Congress of Entomology, Durban.
  • Lyal, C.H.C., 2008, Completing the Catalogue of Life for insects. International Congress of Entomology, Durban.
  • Remsen, D. & Lyal, C.H.C., 2008, The role of GBIF’s ECAT programme in access to taxon names. International Congress of Entomology, Durban.
  • Lyal, C.H.C. & Smith, R., 2008, Taxonomic needs in managing invasive species: A global assessment. International Congress of Entomology, Durban.
  • Bouchard, P., Bousquet, Y., Alonso-Zarazaga, M.A., Lawrence, J.F., Lyal, C.H.C., Newton, A.F. & Schmitt, M., 2008, Family-group names in Coleoptera. International Congress of Entomology, Durban.
  • Lyal, C.H.C. & Weitzman, A.L., 2008, Releasing the content of taxonomic papers: solutions to access and data mining. BNCOD Workshop “Biodiversity Informatics: challenges in modelling and managing biodiversity knowledge”, Cardiff.
  • Lyal, C.H.C. & Weitzman, A.L., 2008, INOTAXA: Access to the information and data in taxonomic literature. EDIT meeting, Portugal
    Weitzman, A.L. & Lyal, C.H.C., 2007, Models for Integrating TDWG
  • Taxonomic Literature: Summary and Next Steps. TDWG Annual Conference, Slovakia
    Weitzman, A.L. & Lyal, C.H.C., 2007, Taxonomists at work: relationships of process and data. TDWG Annual Conference, Slovakia
  • Parr, C.S. & Lyal, C.H.C., 2007, Use cases for online taxonomic literature from taxonomists, conservationists, and others. TDWG Annual Conference, Slovakia
    Weitzman, A.L. & Lyal, C.H.C., 2007, Extending Floras and Faunas to include users’ views. ‘Faunas and Floras’ symposium, Systematics Association Biennial Meeting. Scotland
  • Weitzman, A.L. & Lyal, C.H.C., 2006, Taxonomic Literature. Standards and Synergies. TDWG annual meeting, St Louis, October 2006.
    Slade, E. M., Mann, D.J., Lyal, C.H.C. & Lewis, O.T., 2006, Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning using dung beetles as a model group: Does logging affect the rate of dung removal and seed dispersal? Association for Tropical Biology Conference, China.
  • Weitzman, A.L. & Lyal, C.H.C., 2006, INOTAXA. INtegrated Open TAXonomic Access and the “Biologia Centrali-Americana”. The information interface between libraries and taxonomy. SLA (Special Libraries Association) 97th Annual Conference, Baltimore.
  • Lyal, C.H.C., 2006, The GTI in the UK: Actions and Outlook. Side-event on the GTI in Europe, at the CBD 8th COP, Curitiba, Brazil
  • Lyal, C.H.C., 2005, Crumbling foundations: the erosion of the taxonomic base of biology. Promoting knowledge and understanding of the environment. ENSUS 2005: 3rd International Conference on Marine Science and Technology for Environmental Sustainability.
    Lyal, C.H.C., 2005, The Global Taxonomy Initiative: global needs and local action. AAAS meeting ‘Systematics: Vanishing Safety Net for Food Security and the Environment’, Washington.
  • Lyal, C.H.C. & Weitzman, A.L., 2005. Taxonomic output and support – blocks and barriers. Library and laboratory: the marriage of research, data and taxonomic literature, London
  • Weitzman, A.L. & Lyal, C.H.C., 2005. Taxonomic literature: content and interchange standards. Library and laboratory: the marriage of research, data and taxonomic literature, London.
    Weitzman, A.L. & Lyal, C.H.C., 2004. Taxon names and concepts: building a strong foundation for biodiversity information. TDWG meeting, New Zealand.
  • Lyal, C.H.C., Marvaldi, A.E., Barclay, M., Anderson, R.S., Oberprieler, R.G. & Vogler, A.P., 2004, Review of morphological and molecular evidence on the phylogeny of Curculionoidea. International Congress of Entomology, Brisbane
    Marvaldi, A.E., Lyal, C.H.C., Oberprieler, R.G., Anderson, R.S. & Bradbury, T., 2004, Phylogeny of the Oxycoryninae s.l., (Coleoptera: Phytophaga) and evolution of plant-weevil interactions. International Congress of Entomology, Brisbane
  • Marvaldi, A.E., Duckett, C.N., Lyal, C.H.C. & Reid, C.A.M., 2004, Phylogeny of the Coleoptera Phytophaga. International Congress of Entomology, Brisbane
  • Weitzman, A.L. & Lyal, C.H.C., 2003, Biologia Centrali-Americana Centennial: A vision for electronic access to taxonomic resources. Entomological Society of America Annual Meeting (presented by Scott Miller)
  • Lyal, C.H.C., Weitzman, A.L. & Miller, S.E., 2003, Implementing the Global Taxonomy Initiative Objective 3: Increasing access to taxonomic information in Meso-America. SBSTTA 9 (poster)
  • King, N. & Lyal, C.H.C., 2003, Meeting the knowledge gaps in protected area management – overcoming the taxonomic impediment. World Parks Congress, Durban (presented by N. King)
  • Lyal, C.H.C., 2003, Strategy and symbioses: Building capacity for the GTI in Asia. Joint International Forum on Biodiversity Information: Building Capacity in Asia and Oceania (keynote speaker)
    Lyal, C.H.C., 2003, The GTI Programme of Work. Joint International Forum on Biodiversity Information: Building Capacity in Asia and Oceania (introductory speaker)
  • Lyal, C.H.C., 2003, The Convention on Biological Diversity and the Global Taxonomy Initiative. Global Biodiversity Forum, Dakha, Bangladesh (Invited speaker)
    Lyal, C.H.C., 2002, The role of taxonomy and the Global Taxonomy Initiative in the development and maintenance of Protected Areas. First Egyptian-International Conference on Protected Areas and Sustainable Development (keynote speaker)
  • Lyal, C.H.C., 2002, The Convention on Biological Diversity and the Global Taxonomy Initiative. Latin American Botanical Congress, Cartagena, Colombia (invited speaker)
  • Lyal, C.H.C., 2002, The Convention on Biological Diversity and the Global Taxonomy Initiative. First Global Taxonomy Initiative Regional Workshop in Asia Putrajaya, Malaysia (Keynote speaker)
  • Lyal, C.H.C., 2002, The Convention on Biological Diversity and the Global Taxonomy Initiative., NSCA Annual Meeting, Washington, DC. (invited speaker)
  • Lyal, C.H.C., 2002, The Convention on Biological Diversity and the Global Taxonomy Initiative. Third Global Taxonomy Workshop: Partnerships for demand-driven taxonomic capacity building, Pretoria, South Africa (invited speaker).
  • Lyal, C.H.C., 2001, Internet [sic] technology and the Convention on Biological Diversity’s Global Taxonomy Initiative. Second International Symposium on Information Technology in Biodiversity Research, St Petersburg, Russia. (invited speaker).
  • Lyal, C.H.C., 2001, The Convention on Biological Diversity and the Global Taxonomy Initiative. ‘Megadiverse Countries Workshop on the All Species Inventory’ Mexico. (invited speaker)
  • Lyal, C.H.C., 2001, The Convention on Biological Diversity and the Global Taxonomy Initiative. BBSRC/ITIS International Workshop: ‘Bioinformatics and the Catalogue of Life’, UK. (invited speaker)
  • Lyal, C.H.C., Barclay, M., Vogler, A.P. & Shute, S.L., 2000, A phylogeny of the weevil major groups: morphological and molecular evidence. Presented paper, XXI International Congress of Entomology, Iguassu Falls, Brazil.
  • Kojima, H. & Lyal, C.H.C., 2000, Phylogeny and evolution of Dryophthoridae (Coleoptera: Curculionoidea). Presented paper, XXI International Congress of Entomology, Iguassu Falls, Brazil.
  • Kojima, H. & Lyal, C.H.C., 2000, On the genera of the Oriental and Australian Conoderinae (Zygopinae auctt) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Presented paper, XXI International Congress of Entomology, Iguassu Falls, Brazil.
  • Lyal, C.H.C. & Curran, L.M., 2000, Pre-dispersal seed-feeding beetles of the weevil tribe Mecysolobini (Insecta: Coleoptera: Curculionidae) developing in seeds of trees in the family Dipterocarpaceae. Poster, Joint British Ecological Society/Ecological Society of America meeting ‘Ecology: Achievement and Challenge’. Orlando, USA.
  • Lyal, C.H.C., 1996, Novel morphological characters and their impact on Curculionoid classification. Presented paper, XX International Congress of Entomology, Florence, Italy.
  • Lyal, C.H.C., 1996, Weevil seed predators of Dipterocarpaceae. Poster, XX International Congress of Entomology, Florence, Italy.
  • Lyal, C.H.C., 1996, Insect herbivory and biodiversity in Belizean forest. Poster, XX International Congress of Entomology, Florence, Italy.
  • Lyal, C.H.C., 1988, The structure of the Curculionoid head and weevil phylogeny (Coleoptera: Curculioinoidea). Presented paper, XVIII International Congress of Entomology, Vancouver, Canada.
  • Lyal, C.H.C., 1985, Coevolutionary relationships of lice and their hosts: a test of Fahrenholz’s Rule. Presented paper, International Congress of Systematic Biology, Brighton, UK.
  • Lyal, C.H.C., 1984, Evolution of Trichodectidae (Phthiraptera: Ischnocera) and mammals. Presented paper, XVII International Congress of Entomology, Hamburg, Germany.

International Meetings organized / co-organized

  • 2007 - ‘Faunas and Floras’ symposium, Systematics Association Biennial Meeting. Scotland
  • 2005 – Library and laboratory: the marriage of research, data and taxonomic literature” (London).
  • 2005 – ‘Project Wallace 20 years on’ (RESL London)
  • 2003 – Second International Congress of Coleopterology (Prague). (Member of Scientific Board)
  • 2003 – Follow-up workshop to 3GTW (Paris, France).
  • 2002 – First Global Taxonomy Initiative Regional Workshop in Asia (Putrajaya, Malaysia).
  • 2002 –Third Global Taxonomy Workshop: Partnerships for demand-driven taxonomic capacity building (Pretoria, South Africa)
  • 2002 – Second International Congress on Phthiraptera (Brisbane). (Member of Scientific Programme Committee)
  • 2001 - Information Technology in Biodiversity Research, St Petersburg.
  • 1998 – Biology and Phylogeny of Curculionoidea (International Congress of Entomology, Vancouver.)

Biography

Employment history

  • 1971 – present: Department of Entomology, The Natural History Museum, London.
  • 2002 – present: Research Associate, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C., USA
  • 2001 – 2003: Acting Programme Officer, Global Taxonomy Initiative, Secretariat of Convention on Biological Diversity, Montreal, Canada

Qualifications

  • PhD, Phthirapteran classification and coevolution, Imperial College, University of London, London, UK. 1984
  • Diploma of Imperial College, 1984
  • BSc, Biological Sciences, Birkbeck College, University of London, London, UK. 1977
  • Gold Medal (Public Speaking) London Academy of Musical and Dramatic Art

Publications

Publications
2008
  • Lyal, C.H.C. & Weitzman, L. ( 2008 ) Releasing the content of taxonomic papers: solutions to access and data mining. Proceedings of the BNCOD Workshop “Biodiversity Informatics: challenges in modelling and managing biodiversity knowledge” . BNCOD: Releasing the Content
  • Lyal, C.H.C. (anonymously) ( 2008 ) Guide to the Global Taxonomy Initiative CBD Technical Series 30 : pp vii + 195 . CBD Technical Series
  • Lyal, C.H.C., Kirk, P., Smith, D & Smith, R. ( 2008 ) The value of taxonomy to biodiversity and agriculture Biodiversity 9 : 8-13 .
  • Smith, R.D., Aradottir, G.I., Taylor, A. & Lyal, C. ( 2008 ) Invasive species management – what taxonomic support is needed? . Global Invasive Species Programme : Nairobi, Kenya , 52pp. . Invasive species management – what taxonomic support is needed?
2006
  • Kondorosy, E., Lyal, C.H.C. & Webb, M.D. ( 2006 ) Nomenclatorial changes in Oriental Lygaeinae seed bugs (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Lygaeidae) Zootaxa 1383 : 45-56 .
  • Lyal, C.H.C. & Alonso-Zarazaga, M.A ( 2006 ) Addenda and corrigenda to ‘A World Catalogue of Families and Genera of Curculionoidea (Insecta: Coleoptera)' 2 Zootaxa 1202 : 21-31 . Zootaxa
  • Lyal, C.H.C., Douglas, D. & Hine, S.J. ( 2006 ) Sclerolepidia: an under-utilized character system in Curculionoidea. Systematics and Biodiversity 4 (2) : 203-241 .
  • Marvaldi, A.E., Oberprieler, R.G., Lyal, C.H.C., Bradbury, T. & Anderson, R.S ( 2006 ) Phylogeny of the Oxycoryninae s.l., (Coleoptera: Belidae) and evolution of host-plant associations. Invertebrate Systematics 20 : 447-476 .
  • Weitzman, A.L. & Lyal, C.H.C. ( 2006 ) INtegrated Open TAXonomic Access and the “Biologia Centrali-Americana”. Proceedings Of The Contributed Papers Sessions Biomedical And Life Sciences Division, SLA. . SLA Proceedings
2005
  • Lyal, C.H.C. ( 2005 ) Crumbling foundations: the erosion of the taxonomic base of biology. School Science Review 87 (319) : 65-74 .
  • Lyal, C.H.C. ( 2005 ) Crumbling foundations: the erosion of the taxonomic base of biology, In: Evans, S.M. & Foster-Smith, J. (Eds). Promoting knowledge and understanding of the environment. Extracted Papers from ENSUS 2005: 3rd International Conference on Marine Science and Technology for Environmental Sustainability. . University of Newcastle Upon Tyne : Newcastle, U.K. , 23-36 .
  • Polaszek, A, Agosti, A., Alonso-Zarazaga, M., Beccaloni, G., Bjørn, P.d.P., Bouchet, P., Brothers, D.J., the Earl of Cranbrook, Evenhuis, N., Godfray, C.J., Johnson, N.F., Krell, F.-T., Lipscomb, D., Lyal, C.H.C., Mace, G.M., Mawatari, S., Miller, S.E., Minelli, A., Morris, S., Ng, P.K.L., Patterson, D.J., Pyle, R.L., Robinson, N., Rogo, L., Taverne, J., Thompson, F.C., van Tol, J., Wheeler, Q.D. & Wilson, E.O. ( 2005 ) A universal register for animal names Nature 437 : 477 .
  • Polaszek, A., Alonso-Zarazaga, M., Bouchet, P., Brothers, D.J., Evenhuis, N., Krell, F.-T., Lyal, C.H.C., Minelli, A., Pyle, R.L., Robinson, N.J., Thompson, J.C. & van Tol, J. ( 2005 ) ZooBank: the open-access register for zoological taxonomy: Technical Discussion Paper . ZooBank Technical Discussion
2004
  • Lyal, C.H.C. ( 2004 ) Strategy and symbioses: Building capacity for the GTI in Asia, In: Shimura, J., Ed., Building Capacity in Biodiversity Information Sharing 2003 . NIES : Japan , 80-88 .
  • Lyal, C.H.C. ( 2004 ) The GTI Programme of Work, In: Shimura, J., Ed., Building Capacity in Biodiversity Information Sharing 2003 . NIES : Japan , 1-7 .
  • Lyal, C.H.C. & Weitzman, A.L. ( 2004 ) Taxonomy: Exploring the Impediment Science 305 : 1106 .
  • Weitzman, A.L. & Lyal, C.H.C. ( 2004 ) An XML schema for taxonomic literature – taXMLit . A Description of taXMLit
  • Weitzman, A.L. & Lyal, C.H.C. ( 2004 ) taXMLit vn 1.3. (XML schema for taxonomic literature) . taXMLit schema
2003
  • Lyal, C.H.C. & Alonso-Zarazaga, M.A. ( 2003 ) Nemonychidae Bedel, 1882 (Insecta, Coleoptera): proposed precedence over Cimberididae Gozis, 1882, and Cimberis Gozis, 1881: proposed conservation Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature. 60 (4) : 275-280 . Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature.
  • Lyal, C.H.C. & Curran, L.M.C. ( 2003 ) More than black and white: a new genus of nanophyine seed predators of Dipterocarpaceae and a review of Meregallia Alonso-Zarazaga (Coleoptera: Curculionoidea: Nanophyidae) Journal of Natural History 37 : 57-105 .
  • Wilson, K., Shimura, J., Lyal, C.H.C. & Cresswell, I. ( 2003 ) Building Capacity: Bangladesh to Bali and Beyond, In: Report of First Global Taxonomy Initiative Workshop in Asia . NIES : Japan , 11-81 .
2002
  • Alonso-Zarazaga, M.A.& Lyal, C.H.C. ( 2002 ) Addenda and Corrigenda to ‘A World Catalogue of Families and Genera of Curculionoidea (Insecta: Coleoptera). Zootaxa 63 : 1-37 .
  • Kojima, H. & Lyal, C.H.C. ( 2002 ) New Oriental and Australian Conoderinae, with taxonomic notes on the tribe Othippiini (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Esakia 42 : 161-174 . Esakia
  • Lewis, O.T., Memmott, J., LaSalle, J., Lyal, C.H.C., Whitefoord, C. and Godfray, C.J. ( 2002 ) Structure of a diverse tropical forest insect-parasitoid community Journal of Animal Ecology 71 : 855-873 .
2001
  • Lyal, C.H.C. ( 2001 ) The Global Taxonomy Initiative NSC Alliance News 29(6) : 4,10 .
  • Lyal, C.H.C. ( 2001 ) Internet [sic] technology and the Convention on Biological Diversity’s Global Taxonomy Initiative, In: Information Technology in Biodiversity Research (Eds: A. Ryss & D. Minter) . Zoological Institute RAS : St Petersburg , 173 .
  • Lyal, C.H.C. & Barclay, M.V.L. ( 2001 ) The male terminalia of Bruchela rufipes (Olivier) (Coleoptera: Anthribidae: Urodontinae). Entomologist’s Monthly Magazine 137 : 107-110 .
2000
  • Lyal, C.H.C. & Curran, L.C. ( 2000 ) Seed feeding beetles of the weevil tribe Mecysolobini (Insecta: Coleoptera: Curculionidae) developing in seeds of trees in the Dipterocarpaceae Journal of Natural History 34 : 1743-1847 .
  • Lyal, C.H.C., Barclay, M., Vogler, A.P. & Shute, S.L. ( 2000 ) A phylogeny of the weevil major groups: morphological and molecular evidence. Abstracts, XXI International Congress of Entomology 2 : 914 .
1999
  • Alonso Zarazaga, M.A. & Lyal, C.H.C. ( 1999 ) A World Catalogue of families and genera of Curculionoidea (Insecta: Coleoptera) excluding (Scolytidae and Platypodidae) . Entomopraxis : Barcelona , 315pp. .
  • Alonso Zarazaga, M.A. & Lyal, C.H.C. ( 1999 ) Comments on the proposed conservation of Phytobius Dejean, 1835 (Insecta, Coleoptera). (Case 2957; see BZN, 55: 22-23). Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 56 (3) : 194-197 .
  • Lyal, C.H.C. ( 1999 ) Phthiraptera: the lice, In: Barnard, P.C. (Ed.) Identifying British Insects and Arachnids: an annotated bibliography of key works . Cambridge University Press : Cambridge , 47-50 .
  • Peredo, L.C., Lyal, C.H.C. & Brown, V.K.D. ( 1999 ) The stenomid moth, Stenoma catenifer Walsingham: a pre-dispersal seed predator of Greenheart (Chlorocardium rodei (Schomb.) Rohwer, Richter & van der Werff) in Guyana Journal of Natural History 33 : 531-542 .
1998
  • Watt, A.D., Sheil, D., Philips, O., Newton, A., Moss, D., Lyal, C.H.C., Lowe, A., Kapos, V., Jones, S., Hall, J., Healey, J., Hawthorne, W., Gillison, A., Garwood, N., Eggleton, P., Carter Lengeler, J., Bibby, C. & Argent, G. ( 1998 ) Towards better methods of rapid biodiversity assessment in tropical forests. Report to Department for International Development, UK. .
1997
  • Lyal, C.H.C. ( 1997 ) Weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionoidea) seed-predators of Syzygium and Eugenia spp. (Myrtaceae), with description of the Alcidodes expansitarsis species group (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Molytinae: Mecysolobini). Journal of Natural History 30 : 1683-1706 .
1996
  • Lyal, C.H.C. & King, T. ( 1996 ) Elytro-tergal stridulation in weevils (Insecta: Coleoptera: Curculionoidea) Journal of Natural History 30 : 703-773 .
1995
  • Lyal, C.H.C. ( 1995 ) The ventral structures of the weevil head Memoirs of the Entomological Society of Washington 14 : 35-51 .
1993
  • Lyal, C.H.C. ( 1993 ) Cryptorhynchinae (Insecta: Coleoptera: Curculionidae) Fauna of New Zealand 29 : 308pp . Fauna of New Zealand
  • Lyal, C.H.C. ( 1993 ) Andracalles pani n.sp. From the Three Kings Islands: evidence for copulation mechanics (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) New Zealand Entomologist 16 : 4-13 .
  • Stork, N. & Lyal, C.H.C. ( 1993 ) Extinction or ‘co-extinction’ rates? Nature 366 : 307 .
1991
  • Lyal, C.H.C. & LaSalle, J. ( 1991 ) Proposed changes in the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature Systematic Entomology 16(2) : 121-123 .
1990
  • Lyal, C.H.C. ( 1990 ) A new genus and species of rice weevil from Sahel (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Erirhininae) Bulletin of Entomological Research 80 : 183-189 .
1989
  • Jeffries, D.J., Hanson, H.M. & Lyal, C.H.C. ( 1989 ) A further record of Lutridia exilis (Mallophaga, Trichodectidae) in Britain with notes on the presence and absence of lice on otters Entomologists Monthly Magazine 125 : 245-249 .
1987
  • Lyal, C.H.C. ( 1987 ) Structure and function of the male genitalia of the badger louse, Trichodectes melis (Fabricius) (Phthiraptera: Ischnocera: Trichodectidae) Entomologists Monthly Magazine 123 : 55-58 .
  • Lyal, C.H.C. ( 1987 ) Coevolution of Trichodectidae (Insecta: Phthiraptera) and their mammalian hosts Journal of Natural History 21 : 1-28 .
1986
  • Lyal, C.H.C. ( 1986 ) Observations on zygopine weevil behaviour (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Zygopinae) Journal of Natural History 20 : 789-798 .
  • Lyal, C.H.C. ( 1986 ) Coevolutionary relationships of lice and their hosts: a test of Fahrenholz’s Rule, In: Stone, A.R. & Hawksworth, D. (Eds), Coevolution and Systematics . Clarendon Press : Oxford , 77-91 .
  • Lyal, C.H.C. ( 1986 ) External genitalia of Psocodea, with particular reference to lice (Phthiraptera) Zoologische Jahrbucher (Anatomie) 114 : 277-292 .
  • Lyal, C.H.C. ( 1986 ) Parasitic lice, In: O’Toole, C. (ed.), The Encyclopaedia of Insects. . Unwins .
1985
  • Lyal, C.H.C. ( 1985 ) Phylogeny and classification of the Psocodea, with particular reference to the lice (Psocodea: Phthiraptera) Systematic Entomology 10 : 145-165 .
  • Lyal, C.H.C. ( 1985 ) A cladistic analysis and classification of trichodectid mammal lice (Phthiraptera: Ischnocera) Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) (Entomology) 51(3) : 187-346 .
1982
  • Lyal, C.H.C. ( 1982 ) Lice, In: P.E.C. Manson-Bahr & F.I.C. Apted (eds) Manson’s Tropical Diseases, 18th Edition, . 8-5-808 .
1981
  • Hutson, A.M., Hyatt, K.M., Lyal, C.H.C.& Smith, K.G.V. ( 1981 ) Bibliography of G.B. Thompson. Entomologists Monthly Magazine 117 : 86-88 .
1980
  • Lyal, C.H.C. ( 1980 ) Insects of Saudi Arabia. Anoplura Fauna of Saudi Arabia 2 : 71-73 .
1979
  • Lyal, C.H.C. ( 1979 ) A review of the genus Calliphara Germar, 1839 (Hemiptera: Scutelleridae) Zoologische Medelingen, Leiden 54(12) : 149-181 .