Dr Brian Roy Rosen

  • Scientific Associate
  • Life Sciences department
  • Invertebrates
Natural History Museum
Cromwell Road
London
SW7 5BD

Biography

Employment history

1966 - 1969     Tutor, Department of Geology, University of Wales, Aberystwyth.

1969 - 1971     Senior Research Associate (funded by National Science Foundation, USA) , 
                           Department of Geophysics and Planetary Physics, School of Physics,  
                           University of Newcastle upon Tyne.

1972 - 1978     Senior Scientific Officer, Department of 
                           Palaeontology, Natural History Museum, London.

1978 - 2002     Band 3, (formerly Principal Scientific Officer) Department of 
                           Palaeontology, Natural History Museum, London.

2002 - present  Scientific Associate, Department of Life Sciences
                           (incorporating former Department of Zoology), Natural History Museum, London.

Other positions

NHM: Secondments at various times to public offer departments (variously named) as scientific adviser to several exhibitions including HMS Challenger Expedition Centenary, Hall of Human Biology (in particular, neurobiology and learning psychology), and the Earth Galleries refurbishment (in particular, the gallery, From the Beginning.

1971                  Course Tutor, Local Tutor and Summer School Tutor in Earth Sciences, 
                           Open University, North East Region

 1972 - 1990     Lecturer in Department of Extra-Mural Studies, 
                            University of London, Birkbeck College: 

1988 & 1987     Visiting Professorships Università degli Studi di Roma 'La Sapienza', Italy, 
                            Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra: 

Qualifications

1961 - 1964      BA Natural Sciences: Geology 2:1 Wadham College, University of Oxford.

1964 - 1966      PhD Recent reef corals of the Seychelles, with particular reference to the island 
                            of Mahé
: awarded 1972. King’s College, University of London.

1965                   MSc Physical and Chemical Oceanography, University of North Wales, Bangor

Professional Roles

Awards

1995 (onward) Honorary Research Fellow, Department of Geology, Royal Holloway University of London.

Learned Societies

Various positions previously held on organizing committees of various learned societies. Currently: Member of the Linnean Society of London Programmes Committee as ‘Field Trip Representative’.

  • Fellow of the Geological Society of London.
  • Fellow of the Linnean Society of London.
  • Fellow of the Society of Biology of London.

Other society memberships:  American Association for the Advancement of Science, Geologists’ Association, International Society for Reef Studies, International Society for the Study of Fossil Cnidaria and Porifera, Palaeontological Association, Systematics Association.

Educational activities including public outreach

Post-doctoral fellows and other associates: 9

Post-doctoral and post-graduate examinations and peer assessments: 4 MSc, 11 PhD, 1 DSc, 2 Habilitations

Post-graduate supervision: MSc/MRes: O ongoing, 3 completed. PhDs: 5 completed.

NHM: Nature Live, Science Uncovered, Lyme Regis Fossil Festival, Fossil Road Shows, NHM open day events, and many other outreach events. Advisory work for various exhibitions (see ‘NHM: Secondments .…’ above). See also ‘Media’ below.

Wide range of subject teaching and examining experience at undergraduate level, adult education, secondary and primary schools, etc., including field courses on general geology, general palaeontology, palaeoecology, marine biology, coral reefs, and biology of corals.

Courses, guest lectures and seminars to university departments, scientific societies, and other institutions in UK, Australia, Bermuda, Guam, Italy, Netherlands and USA.  See also ‘Positions held’, above.

Consultancy work and commercial enquiries

Extensive experience of commercial identification of corals, mostly for oil, mineral and construction companies, mostly scleractinians (Triassic to modern), rugosans and tabulates (mostly Permian).

Identification of modern scleractinians and octocorals for CITES and for various local museums and historic collections.

Identification of corals (all groups) for enquries submitted to the NHM by members of the public, through the enquiry system.

Editing and peer reviewing experience

Co-editorship of 3 multi-author volumes, two for the Systematics Association and one for the Royal Society of London, as in publications list.

1977 - 1978: Founding editor of Reef Encounter, Newsletter of the International Society for Reef Studies

2002 - 2007: Founding editor of Systematics and Biodiversity for the Natural History Museum, London

Extensive peer-reviewing for numerous biological and geological journals and grant-giving bodies.

Media

Scientific consultant for 3 natural history television programmes for BBC TV Bristol.

Appearances on various TV and radio programmes, some in connection with coral reefs, and launch of gallery From the Beginning (above), history of Crystal Palace, etc.

Fieldwork

Living and fossil corals, coral biotypes, reefs and carbonates:

  • Australia (Great Barrier Reef and Victoria)
  • Austria (eastern Alps)
  • Bermuda
  • France (Burgundy, Provence)
  • Germany (Bavaria)
  • Egypt (Gulf of Suez)
  • Great Britain (N.Wales and borders, southern Scotland)
  • Guam, Italy (Puglia, Veneto) 
  • Hong Kong, Indonesia (Bali)
  • Maldives (Addu Atoll)
  • Marshall Islands (Enewetak)
  • Norway (Finnmark)
  • Papua New Guinea (south-east)
  • Seychelles (Mahé, Amirantes)
  • Spain (Cataluña)
  • Sudan (Red Sea coast)
  • UAE (Oman Mtns)
  • USA (Florida Keys, Iowa)

For geological mapping, general regional geology, history of natural history and geology, ecology, etc, additional areas to above:

  •  Great Britain (N.England, SW England)
  • South Wales, Loch Lomond, Scotland and numerous other Scottish regions)
  •  Italy (northern, central and southeastern regions)
  • Norway (Finnmark, Arctic Norway)
  • Switzerland
  • USA (Florida, Iowa, New York)

Research

Current activities

  • Full revision and expansion of NHM book, From the Beginning (last edition: 2004).
  • Evolutionary, ecological and biogeographical history of scleractinian corals and the geological history of reefs and other coral biotopes; currently concentrating on
  • European and Indopacific origins of modern diversity patterns in relation to climate and plate tectonics, using the common staghorn coral, Acropora, as a case history
  • Contributing to the Corallosphere project, a collaborative website for the revision of all known scleractinian coral genera, as a basis for the revision of the respective section of the Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology.
  • History of natural history and geology, particularly with respect to Charles Darwin’s work on coral reefs.
  • General regional geology and tectonic history of North Wales, Alps, and Italy

Previous research experience

  • Coral ecology and palaeoecology: coral biotopes and ecological zonation in Silurian, Carboniferous, Jurassic, Cretaceous, Paleogene, Neogene and living reefs in Britain, Egypt, France, Italy, Maldives, Papua New Guinea, Spain, Seychelles.
  • Growth, form, function and coloniality of corals.
  • History of algal symbiosis in corals, based on (1) photoadaptive (platy) form in fossil corals, and (2) stable isotope composition of unaltered coral skeletons.
  • Coral reef conservation projects through invited participation in various international workshops, particularly contributing on biogeography, taxonomy, functional groups and carbon pathways.
  • Biogeography and biodiversity: principles and methods of biogeogeography and palaeobiogeography. Models for the origin of high diversity patterns.

Publications

2012
  • Bellwood, D.R., Renema, W., & Rosen, B.R. Biodiversity hotspots, evolution and coral reef biogeography: a review. In: Gower, D.J., Johnson, K.G., Richardson, J.E., Rosen, B.R., Rüber, L. & Williams, S.T. (eds). ( 2012 ) Biotic evolution and environmental change in Southeast Asia., In: The Systematics Association Special Volume 82 . Cambridge University Press : Cambridge, , 216 - 245 .
  • Gower, D.J., Johnson, K.G., Richardson, J.E., Rosen, B.R., Rüber, L. & Williams, S.T, Introduction. In: Gower, D.J., Johnson, K.G., Richardson, J.E., Rosen, B.R., Rüber, L. & Williams, S.T. (eds). ( 2012 ) Biotic evolution and environmental change in Southeast Asia., In: The Systematics Association Special Volume 82 . Cambridge University Press : Cambridge , 1 15 .
  • Gower, D.J., Johnson, K.G., Richardson, J.E., Rosen, B.R., Rüber, L. & Williams, S.T. (eds). ( 2012 ) Biotic evolution and environmental change in Southeast Asia., In: The Systematics Association Special . Cambridge University Press : Cambridge , 1 - 475 .
2011
  • Rosen, B.R. & Darrell, J.G. Edizioni ( 2011 ) A generalized historical trajectory for Charles Darwin’s specimen collections, with a case study of his coral reef specimen list in the Natural History Museum, London. In: Stoppa, F. & Veraldi, R. (Eds.), In: Darwin tra scienza, storia e società. 150° anniversario della publicazione di Origine delle Specie [Darwin in science, history and society. 150th anniversary of the Origin of Species.] . Universitairie Romane : Roma , 133 - 198 .
2010
  • Rosen, B.R. & Darrell, J.G. Cnidaria. In: MacLeod, N. (Ed.), ( 2010 ) Macrofossils 3.0.  Cnidarians, echinoderms, sponges and problematica (including early Metazoa)., In: Paleobase . Wiley-Blackwell : Chichester , .
2009
  • White, C.H., Bosence, D.W.J., Rosen, B.R. & Wallace, C.C. ( 2009 ) Response of Acropora to warm climates; lessons from the geological past. In: Riegl B. & Dodge, R.E. (Eds),, In: Proceedings of the 11th International Coral Reef Symposium Ft. Lauderdale, Florida, 7-11 July 2008 . National Coral Reef Institute, Nova Southeastern University : Fort Lauderdale , 7 - 12 .
2006
  • Wallace, C.C. & Rosen, B.R. ( 2006 ) Diverse staghorn corals (Acropora) in high-latitude Eocene assemblages: implications for the evolution of modern diversity patterns of reef corals. Proceedings of the Royal Society (Series B Biological Sciences) 273 : 975-982 .
2004
  • Edwards K.M. & Rosen B.R. ( 2004 ) From the beginning . Natural History Museum : London , .
2003
  • Hughes, T.P., Baird, A.H., Bellwood, D.R., Card, M., Connolly, S.R., Folke, C., Grosberg, R., Hoegh-Gouldberg, O., Jackson, J.B.C., Kleypas, J., Lough, J., Marshall, P., Nyström, M., Palumbi, S.R., Pandolfi, J., Rosen, B.R. & Roughgarden, J. ( 2003 ) Climate change, human impacts, and the resilience of coral reefs. Science 301 : 929 - 933 .
2002
  • Rosen, B.R. ( 2002 ) Biodiversity: old and new relevance for palaeontology. Geoscientist 12 (9) : 4 - 9 .
  • Simms, M.J., Little, C.T.S. & Rosen, B.R. 2002. Corals not serpulids: mineralized colonial fossils in the Lower Jurassic marginal facies of South Wales. . ( 2002 ) Corals not serpulids: mineralized colonial fossils in the Lower Jurassic marginal facies of South Wales Proceedings of the Geologists' Association 113 : 31 - 36 .
1999
  • Rosen, B.R. ( 1999 ) Palaeoclimatic implications of the energy hypothesis from Neogene corals of the Mediterranean region. In: Agustí, J., Rook, L. & Andrews, P.J., Eds., In: Hominoid evolution and climatic change in Europe. Volume 1. The Evolution of Neogene terrestrial ecosystems in Europe. . Cambridge University Press : Cambridge , 309 - 327 .
  • Rosen, B.R.  Hominoid evolution and climatic change in Europe. Volume 1.  ISBN 0 521 64097 0, pp. ( 1999 ) Palaeoclimatic implications of the energy hypothesis from Neogene corals of the Mediterranean region.  In: Agustí, J., Rook, L. & Andrews, P.J., Eds., In: The Evolution of Neogene terrestrial ecosystems in Europe . Cambridge University Press : Cambridge , 309 - 327 .
1998
  • Bosence, D., Al-Aawah, M.H., Davison, I., Rosen, B.R., Vita-Finzi, C. & Whitaker, L. ( 1998 ) Salt domes and their control on basin margin sedimentation; a case study from the Tihama Plain, Yemen. In: Purser, B.H. & Bosence, D.W.J., Eds.,, In: Sedimentation and tectonics in rift basins: Red Sea - Gulf of Aden. . Chapman & Hall : London , 448 - 464 .
  • Perrin, C., Plaziat, J.C. &  Rosen, B.R. ( 1998 ) Miocene coral reefs and reef corals of the south-western Gulf of Suez, and north-western Red Sea: distribution, diversity and regional environmental controls. In: Purser, B.H. & Bosence, D.W.J., Eds.,, In: Sedimentation and tectonics in rift basins: Red Sea - Gulf of Aden . Chapman & Hall : London , 296 - 319 .
  • Wilson, M.E.J. & Rosen, B.R. ( 1998 ) Implications of paucity of corals in the Paleogene of SE Asia: plate tectonics or Centre of Origin? In: Hall, R. & Holloway, J.D., Eds., In: Biogeography and Geological Evolution of SE Asia . Backhuys : Leiden , 165 - 195 .
1997
  • MacLeod, N., Rawson, P. F., Forey, P. L., Banner, F. T., Boudagher-Fadel, M. K., Bown, P. R., Burnett, J. A., Chambers, P., Culver, S., Evans, S. E., Jeffrey, C., Kaminski, M. A., Lord, A. R., Milner, A. R., Milner, A. C., Morris, N., Owen, E., Rosen, B. R., Smith, A. B., Taylor, P. D., Urquhart, E. & Young, J. R. ( 1997 ) The Cretaceous-Tertiary biotic transition.   Journal of the Geological Society 154 : 265 - 292 .
  • Skelton, P.S., Gili, E., Rosen, B.R. & Valldeperas, F.X. ( 1997 ) Corals and rudists in the late Cretaceous: a critique of the hypothesis of competitive displacement. In: Perejón, A. & Comas-Rengifo, J., Eds.,Proceedings of the VII International Symposium on Fossil Cnidaria and Porifera, held in Madrid, Spain, 1995 Boletín de la Real Sociedad Españiola de Historia Natural. Sección Geológica 92:1 : 225 - 239 .
  •  Insalaco, E., Hallam, A. & Rosen, B.R. ( 1997 ) Oxfordian (Upper Jurassic) coral reefs in Western Europe: reef types and conceptual depositional model. Sedimentology 44 : 707-734 .
1996
  • Done, T.J., Ogden, J.C., Wiebe, W.J. & Rosen, B.R. (with contributions from the BIOCORE Working Group - listed at the end of the chapter). ( 1996 ) Biodiversity and ecosystem function of coral reefs. In: Mooney, H.A., Cushman, J.H., Medina, E., Sala, O.E. & Schulze, E.-D., Eds., In: Functional roles of biodiversity: a global perspective . John Wiley & Sons : Chichester , 393 - 423 .
1988
  • Rosen, B.R. ( 1988 ) Biogeographical patterns: a perceptual overview. In: Myers, A.A. & Giller, P.S., Eds.,, In: Analytical biogeography; an integrated approach to the study of animal and plant distributions. . Chapman & Hall : London , 23-55 .
1986
  • Rosen, B.R. ( 1986 ) Modular growth and form of corals: a matter of metamers? In: Harper, J.L., Rosen, B.R. & White, J., Eds., In: The growth and form of modular organisms. Proceedings of a Royal Society Discussion Meeting held on 27 and 28 June 1985 . Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society (B) : London , 313 (1159) .